There are numerous types of snakes in the world. Snakes are found almost everywhere on the earth. Some are poisonous while some are not. Now, you must be wondering, What is the most venomous snake in the world? – Well, we have come up with this article to end your quest and enlighten you about the most venomous snake in the world. Read further to know in detail.
The deadliest snake in the world is Inland Taipan. Its scientific name is Oxyuranus microlepidotus. It is also called Western Taipan.
Classification Of Inland Taipan
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Subphylum: Vertebrata
- Phylum: Chordata
- Order: Squamata
- Class: Reptilia
- Family: Elapidae
- Suborder: Serpentes
- Species: O.microlepidotus
- Genus: Oxyuranus
Where Is Inland Taipan Found?
Inland Taipan or the Western Taipan is found in semi-arid areas of the central-east regions of Australia.
What Is The Toxicity Of Its Venom?
It has been recorded that a single bite of Inland Taipan can yield up to 110 mg of venom. This quantity is sufficient to kill about 100 human beings and about 250,000 mice. The venom has the potential to kill an adult human within 45 minutes. The venom has an LD/50 of 0.03mg/kg. Hence, it can be referred as 50 times more venomous than the common Cobra and 10 times more than the Mojave Rattlesnake. The venom of Inland Taipan is made up of the substance called Taipoxin. It is a mixture of toxins like procoagulants, neurotoxins and myotoxins, which restrict breathing, paralyze the body muscles, damage the muscles and cause hemmorhage in tissues and blood vessels. Fortunately, Inland Taipan is not a very active reptile. Also, its encounters with humans are very rare. So it does not contribute to the most number of human deaths per year due to snake bite.
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How Does Inland Taipan Look?
The color of Inland Taipan ranges from deep hue to brownish light green. Its color also depends on the seasons. The snout is rounded. The head and neck of Taipan are darker than the rest of its body. In winter, the body color changes to almost black, so that it can heat itself by exposing just a little part of its body at the burrow. The dorsal scales on its body are without kneels and are smooth. The eyes are average in size. The iris of its eye is blackish brown in color and has a negligent rim around the pupil. The approximate length of Inland Taipan is 1.8 metres. It has been recorded that the length of this snake can grow up to 2.5 metres.
What Is The Diet Of Inland Taipan?
Inland Taipan mostly feeds on rats and birds. Like other snakes, it does not wait for its prey to die. Instead, it attacks with about 8 bites at a time to kill its prey.
However, Taipan can become prey for King Brown Snake and Monitor Lizard. These animals are immune to most venomous snakes. Having read about the Inland Taipan, you may also like to know about other poisonous snakes in the world. We have presented a list of such snakes too.
Other Venomous Snakes
- It is one of the few poisonous snakes of America.
- The peculiarity of a rattlesnake is that it has a rattle at the end of its tail.
- It is from the Pit Viper family.
- The venom of rattlesnakes consists of hemotoxin, which destroys tissues, degenerates organs and causes coagulopathy.
- Vipers can be found almost everywhere in the world, but the most poisonous ones are found in Central Asia and Middle East. These vipers are Chain Viper and Saw Scaled Viper.
- After being bitten by a viper, a person may have pain and swelling at the spot of bite, bleeding from the gums, vomiting, swelling of the face, severe drop in heart rate and blood pressure.
- Death from the viper’s bite can occur within 1-14 days or more.
- Death Adder
- Death Adder has its home in New Guinea and Australia.
- It looks like a viper, but its head is triangular.
- Death may occur within 6 hours of its bite.
- Death Adder has the quickest strike in the world.
- Tiger Snake
- Like many other venomous snakes, Tiger Snake too is a native of Australia.
- Death from Tiger Snake’s bite can occur from 30 minutes to 24 hours.
- It is very aggressive and its accuracy of attack is unerring.
- Philippine Cobra
- Image Courtesy: www.theamazingstation.com Philippine Cobra is the most venomous out of all the cobras known till date.
- It can throw up its venom up to 3 metres of distance.
- A person bitten by Philippine Cobra may die within 30 minutes if not treated on time.
- The neurotoxins in its venom inhibit nerve signal transmissions.
- Black Mamba
- Black Mamba is found throughout Africa.
- It is very aggressive and can strike very precisely.
- It is the fastest snake on land with a speed up to 20 km/hr.
- It can strike up to 12 times in a series and about 10-25 adult humans can be killed from a single bite.
- The death can occur within 15 minutes to 3 hours.
- Without any treatment, there are 100% chances of a victim’s death.
- Blue Krait
- Blue Krait is found in Indonesia and throughout South East Asia.
- It is also called the Malayan snake.
- It mostly lives in hidden places but becomes very aggressive during darkness.
- It is 16 times more poisonous than a common Cobra.
- Even if treatment is given, survival from its bite has lesser possibilities.
- The death of a person occurs from 6 to 12 hours of its bite.
- Eastern Brown Snake
- Eastern Black Snake is found in Australia. It lives in populous areas.
- It is very aggressive.
- It can bite a person several times if he/she seems a threat to it.
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Belcher’s Sea Snake
- It is very passive most of the times.
- A few milligram of its venom can kill thousands of human beings.
- Most of the sea snakes are harmless.
So this was all about the most venomous snakes in the world. If you have any query or suggestion, feel free to drop it in the comment box given below.