In my earlier post, I had revealed that how much I used to envy other people’s gardens and plants. I have always been enthusiastic about the world of flora. Due to busy schedule, I cannot go for something huge. So I keep finding easier ways to quench my thirst for being surrounded by nature. These days, a new concept has kept me wandering, all the time. I have kept learning about how to care for a Bonsai tree, because I want to create an appealing space in my little home for those picturesque bonsai trees. In this article, I am going to share with you, some bits of knowledge about bonsai trees that I came across.
How To Care For A Bonsai Tree?
1. Selecting The Bonsai Species
When you decide about which plant to keep as a bonsai tree at your home, you should always keep in mind the climate of your region and the environment of your home. For beginners, it will be more convenient to use an indigenous species of your region. For growing a bonsai tree outdoors, deciduous and coniferous trees are smart choices. For growing a bonsai tree indoors, tropical species should be selected.
One more thing I would like to tell you is to opt for a partially trained bonsai tree, instead of planting it from the seed and training it yourself. This is a bit expensive method, but saves you some time and is also advisable for beginners. Once you’ve learned the art of Bonsai tree care, you can experiment with the initial step of seed plantation and training.
2. Watering Bonsai Tree
Once you have brought a bonsai tree at your home, the first basic thing you need to know is about watering. How often and how much does the bonsai need to be watered depends upon that particular variety of plant, its size and the climate around. You cannot simply overdo or under-do the watering part. I suggest you that water your plants once the soil is slightly dry, not completely. Do not water it every day, unnecessarily. Moreover, water it thoroughly.
Humidity plays an important role in the flowering species of bonsai. If you are caring for any such species, do not forget to provide your plant with humidity tray and a bag of pebbles. They are available at garden centers and online too.
General practice is to plant the bonsai plant in pots. This requires regular and apt amount of fertilization. Any regular fertilizer will help to replenish the nutrients, but I suggest using the fertilizers that are specially manufactured for bonsai trees. Because of this, you will be able to feed in the right amount of fertilizer, at right times, by following the instructions on the package of the fertilizer. Moreover, there are speciality soils available in the market for planting bonsai trees. Even they need fertilizers, but as beginners, I would suggest you to try them, for better results.
Always choose water soluble fertilizers for bonsai trees, otherwise your efforts will not pay, sufficiently. You should always apply fertilizers when the soil is wet. Do not change the brand or type of your fertilizer till the next growing season, unless it is unavoidable.
4. Placement Of Bonsai Tree
In technical terms, your bonsai is a tree actually, not a plant. So you should provide it ample of direct sunlight for a healthy growth. It is always alright to place a bonsai tree outdoors, but if your tree is kept indoors, make sure that you place it near a window. If you have a specific species of indoor bonsai, it will need warmer temperature. Similarly, bonsai species specific to outdoors will require lower temperatures. Take special care of your bonsai tree, if the temperatures become very extreme.
Pruning a bonsai tree is an art. This is the best skill that you will develop while caring for a bonsai tree. Your bonsai tree will be getting the shape and size that you desire. It’s like creating your own piece of art. Pruning is also important to keep your bonsai plant healthy.
Moreover, pruning makes sure that you eliminate all the top dead branches, so that the tree can show beautiful growth elsewhere. Do not use scissors to prune the bonsai tree, use special Bonsai Clippers, instead. They are available in garden centers. You should also be careful about when to prune, which part to prune and how much to prune. Over-doing these things will ruin your bonsai tree. It is advisable to prune at a time when good amounts of nutrients are available to the bonsai plant. Generally, spring and autumn are considered the best times to prune a bonsai.
It is very important to supply your bonsai tree with fresh soil, periodically. So repotting should be done on a regular basis. This also ensures more compact root system of the bonsai tree. Different species have different rate of growth, so you should examine their root systems every year to see if they have filled the pot. Generally, evergreen trees need to be potted every 4-5 years and deciduous trees need to be potted every 2-3 years, but this should not be followed rigidly because other conditions affect their growth, too.
7. Pests And Diseases
Take care that your bonsai plant does not get attacked by any pests or diseases. Still if it does, treat it properly with the products available in the market. Those products should be safe for bonsai trees.
8. Tools And Uses
As I mentioned earlier, use special bonsai clippers. In case, if you are using scissors then use them only for bonsai purpose. Using concave cutters is a really good idea to cut off the branches of bonsai trees. The cut left behind by these concave cutters heals faster and also does not appear like a cut on the bonsai tree. They are a ‘must have’ for any bonsai enthusiast.
Wires are a very important tool for shaping the bonsai tree. They help in training and positioning the branches. You can buy wires of different thickness. Always use annealed copper wires for bonsai, as they are very flexible. If you are using wires, at some point of time you will require wire cutters too. They help in cutting the wires attached to the bonsai tree without causing any harm to its branches. For bonsai trees with large branch diameters, you can use folding saw to cut off the branches.
Displaying The Bonsai Tree
After putting in many efforts and spending months on your bonsai tree, it’s time for some reward. When you feel that the growth process of your bonsai tree has finished, repot it in a beautiful container of your choice. While choosing a container, keep in mind that the size and shape of the container should complement the style of your bonsai tree. Use wooden or ceramic containers only. Also note that the container should not steal away the show from your Bonsai Art Piece.
You can add some shells, small plants, rocks, stones or moss to enhance the look of your bonsai tree. Be sure, not to crowd the container with those add-ons. As a beginner, myself, I understand your doubts about how to care for a Bonsai Tree. So I have tried to give some easy and important tips to care for a bonsai tree, in this article. I hope you will have a pleasant experience raising your Bonsai Baby, as much as I did. If you have any queries or comments regarding Bonsai trees, feel free to drop them down, here.