Cute Things To Say To Your Girlfriend

Girlfriends are the cutest things that you can get in your life. She is not only your girlfriend, but also your soul mate, your lover, your partner in crime, your best friend, and numerous lovely terms those you can find over the internet, or in the books or somewhere else. You would have heard many times from many people that our actions and not the words that are more effective to prove ourselves smart. However, this is not the case every time, especially when it comes to your love and romantic life. The girl who loves you like anything is not only your girlfriend, she is more than a responsibility to you and you cannot afford to be careless while performing your responsibilities or in other words, you cannot afford to hurt her under any circumstances. The day she has tears in her eyes, and that is because of you, accept the fact that you are not fit for her, and you do not deserve her in your life.

Cute Things To Say To Your Girlfriend

Girls are so sensitive, you have to continuously show your love to her and the sweet and caring side of yours to assure them that she does not have to worry at all of anything, and you are there for her all the time and every time. As showing love, care and concern are important, similarly, telling her how much you love her is also important. However, the old and traditional way of telling her ‘I Love You’ is out of trend now. You have to be smart and creative while confessing your love in front of her, your words should convey the meaning of love beyond just ‘I Love You’. Therefore, here are numerous famous quotes presented in this article those you can use while confessing your love in front of her and these are the cute things to say to your girlfriend. Just sit back, take a pen and a copy, and jot down all the quotes described below, learn them by heart and say or send in text to your sweetheart from your phone.

Why Verbalize Your Feelings?

Before looking into the quotes, which you can use to send or say to your girlfriend, let us look as why it is important to say or verbalize your feelings in front of your lover. Most important thing that matters in a relationship is the way you both feel. It is the feeling only that brings you both closer to each other and adds up the extra intimacy into your relationship. It can be prosaic to look into your loved one’s face after a hectic day of work. With that only one look, all your tiredness goes off from your body, and the romance between you two completely changes your life.

You both know that you are attracted to each other, however, did you take the time to tell her the things you feel are good about her? Or have you told her that how beautiful she looks when her hairs come over her face? These may seem trivial things to you, but verbalizing the things and feelings make your partner feel more special. Don’t you think our relationship is all about this only.

Cutest Thing To Say To Your Girlfriend

Now comes the time for which you were waiting for so long. Here are several romantic and heartwarming quotes those will steal your girlfriend’s heart, and increase the attraction from her side towards you. Just read on, jot down, learn them and say to her, compliment her, and make her feel special.

You are mine and so full of sunshine and I hope our love will always shine

When you smile my heart beats as if I ran a mile and it keeps me happy for a long while

You are queen of my heart and you make me shine like diamond when you are near

I love that we met, I like it that nobody got you before I did

If love is a hot cup of coffee, then ours would be mocha latte, hot, sweet and full of pep

You are the perfect balance of tart and sweet and as great as cold lemonade on a hot afternoon

We hold hands and our hearts join, our lips meet and our souls unite

The day we me and I knew one day together we would get and I am glad that it happened

Baby, you are like a rose that is so beautiful in its full bloom. You are simply special to me and I am glad that you are my girl. I love you forever.

No words can truly express how much I love you. My world would certainly be incomplete without you, I love you!

I am glad that we grew up together so I did not have to miss even one awesome moment of our time together

My heart feels like a bird taking off in the air every time you smile upon me, my dear

Meeting you was fate. Becoming your friend was a choice, but falling in love with you is definitely beyond my control, I love you, baby.

Your love is my inspiration, for without you I just cannot imagine how my life would be like. I am so happy that God gave me someone as special as you, I love you!

I wish there would be eight days in a week and 25 hours in a day. That way, I can spend more time with you each day. I love you honey, I can never get enough of you. In fact, I miss you already.

Our love is like the waves in the sea, sometimes calm, sometimes tempestuous but always there

If our love where like the rose it would have to be a new breed that has no thorns

I know why people stare at us; it is because you are more lovely than the moon

Time has no value unless it is time spent with you

Any time I start feeling low I just think of you

Hold my hand and I will hold your heart and keep it safe for all eternity

If you asked me to I would walk miles to be with you but please never tell me to go away

I want you to know that you are the best thing that has ever happened to my life and I will never ever allow anyone to take you from me, I promise that. I love you, honey!

Someone up there in heaven must be watching out for me since they sent me the most beautiful angel in my life, and that is you. I love you!

Baby, you don’t need to take care of yourself anymore, because I am here to take care of you forever, until the day I die. I love you!

I may not be with you at all times, but I want you to know that you are never out of my heart. I love you!

Honey, all my days with you are days that are worth living. In fact, I have already forgotten what it feels like to be alone, I love you!

My life with you is something that I will never trade for anything else, even if it’s for all of the riches in this world. I love you!

Just seeing your face brightens even the darkest of my days. Your light radiantly shines in everything that I do, I love you!

All the little things you do have given warmth to my heart. You are certainly a constant source of joy in my life. I want you to know that I will never cease to love you.

Baby, your love is like a lamp in my window that guides me through the darkest night, I love you!

A day without you feels like a year and a day with passes in seconds my dear

I may not have enough richness to give you, for I’m far from being a rich man. But one thing I can promise you is that everything that I will do, I do it all for you.

I never ever thought that I would want to settle down, but baby, you changed everything the moment I saw you. I know I’m a better man now that I have you in my life.

All my life, I have been waiting for you. All my life, I have dreamed of someone like you. And now, I’m happy that it’s all come true. Thank you for coming into my life, I love you!

In my hands is this heart. Please take it coz I want you to have it. I am just too clumsy that I’m afraid I might lose it.

No matter what has happened, no matter what you have done, and no matter what will happen in the future… I will always be here to love you, I swear!

I think we are like swans, in that we met and we are meant to be together forever

Eternity, forever, unending are all words that mean a lot more since I met you

I wanted to let you know that wherever I am and whatever will happen to me, I will always think of you each and every day. And I won’t ever get tired doing it over and over again. I love you!

Darling, it seems that loving you is the only right thing I have ever done in my life. I love you!

You are like a missing piece while I’m like a puzzle waiting to be solved. So when you came to my life, you made me whole.

I’ll never get tired loving you. In fact, I grow to love you more and more each day. I love you honey!

I miss my sleep in the night and I miss the light in my day. But it’s truly a wonderful feeling to be with you, honey.

Honey, there is no other woman in the world as awesome as you. I know I am the luckiest man alive because now I can call you mine.

When I wake up in the morning, it’s you I think of. When I go to bed, it’s still your image that I dream of. You are always in my mind honey, simply because you’re one of a kind. I love you!

Every day with you is certainly a better day than yesterday. How is it that you keep on improving upon perfection? I love you honey!

It does not matter how horrible my day was. For even just one smile from you, everything will turn out to be alright. I love you so much, my angel in disguise.

Darling, you brighten my day with the love that you bring to my life. At night, the stars align to shine their light on me and that is all because of you, I love you!

I would rather be in your heart than in your mind. For the mind can forget, but the heart will always remember, I love you so much!

If I will be given a chance to wish, I will only wish for two things, and that is for us to grow old together and for our love to last forever.

You may not love me the way I love you, But if you ever need me. Promise, I will be around for you, honey.

Love hurts, that’s what they say. But I’m willing to take all the risk because I can never imagine my life without you.

Love is a miracle that happens inside the heart. Such miracle happened to me too, for I have fallen in love with you the moment I saw you, I love you!

Love is truly special when it’s true for all I think about is you. I love you my girl. You will always be in my heart.

All I want to do in my life is to hold you tight and be with you day and night. I love you!

I keep missing you, simply because I love you.

I promise to treat you like a queen. I will let you reign over my heart and all your wish is my command.

I never knew what love was until I met you. Thank you for coming into my life, I promise to love you to infinity and beyond.

In this ever changing world, you are the only constant by which I measure my progress. I love you honey!

To have you in my life is a blessing I could never have earned. Thank you for coming to my life. You are certainly the perfect definition of grace.

When I am troubled, all I do is think of you and everything will be okay, I love you!

No greater light will be able to light up my path than the love that you have brought to my life.

To fall in love is truly simple. But to fall out of love is just simply awful.

You want to know who I am in love with… Read the first word of this note again.

You learn to love someone when you discovered the things that will make them laugh. But you can never learn to love someone until you find out what will make them to cry.

Love is just like peeing in our pants. Everyone may be able to see it, but only I can truly feel its warmth. Thanks for the warmth of your love. I love you!

I love you with all of my butt. I know I should have said heart, however, my butt is bigger than my heart, I love you honey!

To be honest, I don’t have the right words to say to make you feel I love you. But I do have the arms to give you a hug and ears to listen to whatever you want us to talk about, I love you!

They told me that to make you fall in love, I had to make you laugh. But every time you laugh, it’s me that is actually falling in love.

Every time I look at the keyboard, I can see that U and I are always beside each other. I love you!

I try to keep myself busy with all the things that I do each day. But every time I pause, I still think of you. I love you!

My love for you resembles that of a Rubix Cube. It may be filled with wrong twists and wrong turns, yet when you get it right, it will look perfect, no matter what angle you will look at. I love you honey!

Love at first sight is truly possible. However, it pays to do a second look. I love you honey!

The great thing about being married is having that one special person that you want to annoy for the rest of your life. Thanks for playing that role, my darling, I love you so much!

Love is when you will go out to eat and give someone most of your French Fries without expecting for them to give you anything back. That’s what I actually feel about you, I love you!

So, these are some of the beautiful lines; you can use to impress your cute girlfriend. Always remember, true love is very hard to find in today’s world. If you have found one, take care of her, spend time with her, love her, surprise her, and do as many things as possible.

How Much Did The Iraq War Cost?

It is a well-known saying, “War does not determine who is right – only who is left”. War might have given various achievements and riches to the winning side, but has left the people with sadness and atrocities on both the sides. War doesn’t necessarily bring peace but brings the silence of gloom and misery. Not only thousands of soldiers die, but the loss to their family is beyond repair and any compensation. History is has witnessed the worst faces of man-slaughter. One such dreadful war was the Iraq War, which will be a shameful blot on the face of humanity for centuries. In this article, we will discuss How much did the Iraq War cost? Additionally, we shall discuss facts related to the Iraq War.



First of all, let me tell you that there has always been a dispute between the official figures released and the hidden expenditures estimated by some experts. It was stated by the officials that around 60 billion USD have been spent on the Iraq War. But economists Linda Bilmes and Joseph Stiglitz do not agree with the figures and have estimated the cost to have exceeded 3 trillion USD.

Now, let us see the cost distribution in different categories to know whether it was all worth or not.

Direct Costs:

The Iraq War that started in the year 2003 and lasted up to the year 2010 cost a fortune to the U.S. economy. There is a strong dispute after the State released the official figures. As per the reports submitted by the Brown University, titled as ‘Costs of War’, the expense crossed a whopping sum of 1.1 trillion USD. Direct spending by the Department of Defence alone incurred a cost of more than 757.8 billion USD. Moreover, the U.S. had to pay complementary costs like interest on the borrowed funds to finance the war for so many years.

Those figures are drastically more than the generalized estimates released just before the onset of the Iraq War. Most of the costs were estimated for a short term of involvement basis. For instance, on March 16, 2003 the Press interview with Dick Cheney, the then Vice President of the U.S. which was held less than a week prior to the Iraq War, host Tim Russert stated that “every analysis said this war itself would cost about $80 billion, recovery of Baghdad, perhaps of Iraq, about $10 billion per year. We should expect as American citizens that this would cost at least $100 billion for a two-year involvement.”

According to the research done by The Brooking’s Institute and reports of Costs of War Project, following is the estimated total loss of money and man-power:

  • The U.S. Treasury Department spent 1.7 trillion USD on the Iraq War during the period of 2003-2010.
  • 350,000 USD was the cost to deploy one member of the American military.
  • The amount spent per second on the war was 5,000 USD.
  • The war was continued with the help of borrowed war. So the interest that U.S. would have to pay till the year 2053 is estimated to be 7 trillion USD.
  • The war benefits that are to be paid to the veterans of the war cost 490 billion USD.
  • KBR, who was the contractor to supply equipment and services, was paid a sum of 20 billion USD. Moreover, the auditors of Pentagon stated this sum to be just 3 billion USD, which is controversial.
  • The cost of reconstruction came to 60 billion USD. The work was unorganised and full of corruption though.
  • Before the start of the war, Iraq owed an amount of 4 billion USD to the U.S.
  • Each day, the military spent 1.6 million gallons of oil in the war. The cost of each gallon was 127.68 USD, on an average.
  • By 2008, the cost of the war each month was an average of 12 billion USD.
  • The annual cost of Air-conditioning alone was 20 billion USD.
  • 4,488 of the U.S. soldiers lost their lives in the war.
  • The direct death occurred due to the war were 189,000. The figure does not involve the number of people that died due to other hardships related to the war.
  • Excluding PTSD, 32,223 troops got injured in the war.
  • Even 134,000 civilians were killed directly.
  • 150 reporters were killed too.
  • 655,000 people were killed due to the invasion that could have lived if the invasion was avoided.
  • 8 million people are accounted to have either hidden in the country or have fled from Iraq.

Apart from loss of lives and money, the emotional distress and the damage to the mental peace of people in the U.S. as well as Iraq cannot be counted in terms of any unit. All that can be done is to provide help to the people who have been affected by the war and avoid such wars in future.

Well, let us also see how this horrific war started and what the important events that took place were.

  • The invasion of Iraq occurred between 19th March 2003 and 1st May 2003. Later on the conflict turned into Iraq War.
  • The U.S. named the war as Operation Iraqi Freedom, which was called Operation Enduring Freedom prior to the episode of invasion.
  • The invasion that lasted for 21 days was carried on by the combined military forces of United States, Poland, United Kingdom and Australia.
  • As a result of the invasion, Saddam Hussein’s Ba’athist government was deposed. Also, the capital city of Baghdad was captured by the American forces.
  • Apart from the four main countries involved in the invasion, 36 other countries were also involved in the aftermath of the war in direct or indirect ways.
  • Moreover, the Kurdish irregulars living in Iraqi Kurdistan also supported the troops that had gathered in Kuwait.
  • The aim of U.S. President George. W. Bush and Britain’s Prime Minister Tony Blair was to take away the weapons of mass destruction from Iraq and to free the citizens of Iraq by ending the rule of Saddam Hussein and his terrorism supporting activities.
  • The governments of Germany, France and New Zealand strongly opposed the decision of the U.S. to invade Iraq, as there was actually no strong evidence available that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction.
  • Even many of the U.S. citizens stated in their poles that the invasion and war will increase the incidences if terrorism and hatred towards the U.S.
  • The Guinness Book of World Records has noted a record of a rally of 3 million people in war, in opposition to the Iraq War, 15th February 2003. It is noted to be the largest anti-war protest rally till date.
  • Between 3rd January and 12th April 2003, 3,000 protests were held worldwide, in which approximately 36 million people took part.
  • Before the invasion, on 19th March 2003, an air strike was made on the President’s palace in Baghdad.
  • As a result of the invasion, Saddam Hussein and other central leaders went into hiding. Later on, he was captured and punished.

Legality of the invasion:

The invasion was decided on the basis of speculation that Saddam Hussein’s government had developed biological and nuclear weapons and also supported Al-Qaeda, a terrorist organisation. After an investigation, it was found that the speculation had no base. Also, it was alleged that the Bush Government had manipulated the facts and evidence to showcase links between Iraq and Al-Qaeda.

The war which lasted for almost 8 years might have solved issues like the terror of Saddam Hussein and the conspiracy to harm the U.S. by Al-Qaeda. But the amount of grief and turmoil caused by the war can never be underrated. The world has enough of pain and sorrow. So after learning on – “How much did the Iraq War cost?” let us strive towards the world that is free from rivalry and war between nations.

How To Start A Conversation With A Girl?

It is a question that never ages. Irrespective of the generation and type of thinking that dominates, guys will always continue to ask this question – How to start a conversation with a girl? Maybe the mind-blowing answers rests somewhere in this article. So, if you are ready, strap in, take a breath and read ahead. It is hard not to cross path with people whom we find attractive. Whether at the office or your neighborhood bar, there is often someone whom the men want to engage. So, here are few tricks to make that happen.

How To Start A Conversation With A Girl?

The Route Of Casual Conversation

Looking for ways to introduce you? Then, why waste breath on smooth pick up line? When it’s universally hard to earn her attention being a pickup master? A genteel upbringing of your attitude will go a long way in impressing her. Let’s call it the honest approach. Sport a gentle smile, keep it original and don’t forget to say “Hello.”

Go for a frank introduction rather than holding a staring contest. Walk up to her and introduce yourself starting with a “Hello” and politely request her name. P.S. Women like frank and bold guys.

If you are at a bar, then follow the similar approach mentioned earlier and this time ask her if you could buy a drink for her.  If she isn’t interested, do not force her.

How Are You Doing?

This simple question is the way to step up the conversation.  It is also a way to express your interest in knowing her. And every good listener will undoubtedly ask that question; with or without preparing for the situation.

The purpose of asking her if she is doing well is to make her speak up more that syllables. She will also get a chance to know the listener inside you.

Weather!! It Never It Gets Old

A good conversation can’t happen without stating something about the weather. So, take a deep breath sigh a little and say something charming about the weather. But, don’t be a weatherman. Remember, debating about the weather isn’t the objective, but the richness of the conversation is. Once she has responded, you can jump to the next topic.

But, if you are not the weather person, do not even try! Instead, speak of something that draws her attention. There is nothing worse than giving an impression you are overdoing your act.

Ask Questions To Know Her More

Let’s say… it does take quite some skill to ask the right questions to keep her engaged thoughtfully rather than making it seem like an interrogation. So, good luck not getting to a point where the questions are all about yes or no response.

Ask her about the class, professors, her interests, just about anything that can add mileage to your conversation.

If you are working together, you could ask her about upcoming projects, that is… if she is interested in speaking about work in leisure time.

Pop Breaks The Ice

Music, movies, and other cultural discussions are a clever way to sweep her off the feet. Women love speaking about their interests in television shows, trending jigs and list of other things that can get you touch her interests.  Once, you have figured what she likes and dislikes; it is easier for you to drop into her frequency.

Friendly Conversation

Whether or not your interest in a girl earns mileage, it is a fact of the matter being good friends is the first steps to making things happen. Mutual friends are one of the best means to make that happen. A complete stranger can be decoded through a good mutual friend. And hey, you have a mutual friend to speak about. It sure is a conversation stretcher.

Sparking Something Special

The girl will find you special or close to interesting the moment she finds you have something in common. Look for that common, look under every rock, don’t spare a detail, but don’t make yourself look desperate. Talk about something both of you like together. The more time you spare to meet the girl you like it will buy some time to explore the mystery of personal connections. Who can say it comes be the beginning of something prosperous?  If you have been raised on the farm just like the girl you met, you could relate to some of the common incidences you may have faced.

The Scope Of Shared Interest

Conversation is gold when you have figured that you have something or a whole lot of things in common. Scale most of her interests that get you speaking about it. Books, destinations, hobby can all be part of the common interest.

Don’t Be Afraid To Ask Personal Question

If you have reasons to believe that the best part of your relationship is somewhere down the road that you travel with her, get a little comfy by asking her personal questions. Remember, the objective of asking questions is to know her better and not to make her uncomfortable. So, avoid the red flag questions and focus on the things that make her happy. If you are unsure of certain questions how they would turn out to be, do not demand answers. It can be painful to you, and to her.

If the questions you ask are positive, and if they do not involve you needing access to her fears and secrets, your conversation is headed the right way. Do not dare to explore every bit of her life right away. Be rationale, and spare her some space.  You must not make her feel claustrophobic at the initial point or as a matter of fact, any point in time.

You could ask questions regarding her family such as the number of siblings she has. It is less frustrating or harmful

If you are too tempted to know if she could be the one for you, you could ask her if she is into someone or if she is single.


When Did Albert Einstein Die?

Albert Einstein was a German-born physicist who developed the theory of relativity. He is considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. But often people wonder as to when did Albert Einstein die? Read this article to know everything about him.


Born in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany in 1879, Albert Einstein developed the special and general theories of relativity. In 1921, he won the Nobel Prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. He died on April 18, 1955, in Princeton, New Jersey.

When Did Albert Einsetin Die

Early Life

Born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany, Albert Einstein grew up in a secular, middle-class Jewish family. His father, Hermann Einstein, was a salesman and engineer who, with his brother, founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, a company that manufactured electrical equipment in Munich, Germany. His mother, the former Pauline Koch, ran the family household. Einstein had one sister, Maja, born two years after him

Einstein attended elementary school at the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. He enjoyed classical music and played the violin. However, he felt alienated and struggled with the rigid Prussian education he received there. He also experienced a speech difficulty, a slow cadence in his speaking where he’d pause to consider what to say next. In later years, Einstein would write about two events that had a marked effect on his childhood. One was an encounter with a compass at age five, where he marveled at the invisible forces that turned the needle. The other was at age 12, when he discovered a book of geometry which he read over and over.

In 1889, the Einstein family invited a poor Polish medical student, Max Talmud to come to their house for Thursday evening meals. Talmud became an informal tutor to young Albert, introducing him to higher mathematics and philosophy. One of the books Talmud shared with Albert was a children’s science book in which the author imagined riding alongside electricity that was traveling inside a telegraph wire. Einstein began to wonder what a light beam would look like if you could run alongside it at the same speed. If light were a wave, then the light beam should appear stationary, like a frozen wave. Yet, in reality, the light beam is moving. This paradox led him to write his first “scientific paper” at age 16, “The Investigation of the State of Aether in Magnetic Fields.” This question of the relative speed to the stationary observer and the observer moving with the light was a question that would dominate his thinking for the next 10 years.

In 1894, Hermann Einstein’s company failed to get an important contract to electrify the city of Munich and he was forced to move his family to Milan, Italy. Albert was left at a relative’s boarding house in Munich to finish his education at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Faced with military duty when he turned of age, Albert allegedly withdrew from school, using a doctor’s note to excuse himself and claim nervous exhaustion, making his way to Milan to join his parents. His parents sympathized with his feelings, but were concerned about the enormous problems that he would face as a school dropout and draft dodger with no employable skills.

Fortunately, Einstein was able to apply directly to the Eidgenössische Polytechnische Schule (Swiss Federal Polytechnic School) in Zürich, Switzerland. Lacking the equivalent of a high school diploma, he failed much of the entrance exam but got exceptional marks in mathematics and physics. Because of this, he was admitted to the school provided he completes his formal schooling first. He went to a special high school run by Jost Winteler in Aarau, Switzerland, and graduated in 1896 at age 17. He became lifelong friends with the Winteler family, with whom he had been boarding, and fell in love with Wintelers’ daughter, Marie. At this time, Einstein renounced his German citizenship to avoid military service and enrolled at the Zurich school.

Miracle Year

At the patent office, Albert Einstein evaluated patent applications for electromagnetic devices. He quickly mastered the job, leaving him time to ponder on the transmission of electrical signals and electrical-mechanical synchronization, an interest he had been cultivating for several years. While at the polytechnic school he had studied Scottish physicist James Maxwell’s electromagnetic theories which describe the nature of light, and discovered a fact unknown to Maxwell himself, that the speed of light remained constant. However, this violated Isaac Newton’s laws of motion because there is no absolute velocity in Newton’s theory. This insight led Einstein to formulate the principle of relativity.

In 1905—often called Einstein’s “miracle year”—he submitted a paper for his doctorate and had four papers published in the Annalen der Physik, one of the best known physics journals. The four papers—the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity, and the equivalence of matter and energy—would alter the course of modern physics and bring him to the attention of the academic world. In his paper on matter and energy, Einstein deduced the well-known equation E=mc2, suggesting that tiny particles of matter could be converted into huge amounts of energy, foreshadowing the development of nuclear power. There have been claims that Einstein and his wife, Maric, collaborated on his celebrated 1905 papers, but historians of physics who have studied the issue find no evidence that she made any substantive contributions. In fact, in the papers, Einstein only credits his conversations with Michele Besso in developing relativity.

At first, Einstein’s 1905 papers were ignored by the physics community. This began to change when he received the attention of Max Planck, perhaps the most influential physicist of his generation and founder of quantum theory. With Planck’s complimentary comments and his experiments that confirmed his theories, Einstein was invited to lecture at international meetings and he rose rapidly in the academic world. He was offered a series of positions at increasingly prestigious institutions, including the University of Zürich, the University of Prague, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, and finally the University of Berlin, where he served as director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics from 1913 to 1933.

As his fame spread, Einstein’s marriage fell apart. His constant travel and intense study of his work, the arguments about their children and the family’s meager finances led Einstein to the conclusion that his marriage was over. Einstein began an affair with a cousin, Elsa Löwenthal, whom he later married. He finally divorced Mileva in 1919 and as a settlement agreed to give her the money he might receive if he ever won a Nobel Prize.

Theory of Relativity

In November, 1915, Einstein completed the general theory of relativity, which he considered his masterpiece. He was convinced that general relativity was correct because of its mathematical beauty and because it accurately predicted the perihelion of Mercury’s orbit around the sun, which fell short in Newton’s theory. General relativity theory also predicted a measurable deflection of light around the sun when a planet or another sun oribited near the sun. That prediction was confirmed in observations by British astronomer Sir Arthur Eddington during the solar eclipse of 1919. In 1921, Albert Einstein received word that he had received the Nobel Prize for Physics. Because relativity was still considered controversial, Einstein received the award for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.

In the 1920s, Einstein launched the new science of cosmology. His equations predicted that the universe is dynamic, ever expanding or contracting. This contradicted the prevailing view that the universe was static, a view that Einstein held earlier and was a guiding factor in his development of the general theory of relativity. But his later calculations in the general theory indicated that the universe could be expanding or contracting. In 1929, astronomer Edwin Hubble found that the universe was indeed expanding, thereby confirming Einstein’s work. In 1930, during a visit to the Mount Wilson Observatory near Los Angeles, Einstein met with Hubble and declared the cosmological constant, his original theory of the static size and shape of the universe, to be his “greatest blunder.”

While Einstein was touring much of the world speaking on his theories in the 1920s, the Nazis were rising to power under the leadership of Adolph Hitler. Einstein’s theories on relativity became a convenient target for Nazi propaganda. In 1931, the Nazi’s enlisted other physicists to denounce Einstein and his theories as “Jewish physics.” At this time, Einstein learned that the new German government, now in full control by the Nazi party, had passed a law barring Jews from holding any official position, including teaching at universities. Einstein also learned that his name was on a list of assassination targets, and a Nazi organization published a magazine with Einstein’s picture and the caption “Not Yet Hanged” on the cover.

In December, 1932, Einstein decided to leave Germany forever. He took a position a the newly formed Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey, which soon became a Mecca for physicists from around the world. It was here that he would spend the rest of his career trying to develop a unified field theory—an all-embracing theory that would unify the forces of the universe, and thereby the laws of physics, into one framework—and refute the accepted interpretation of quantum physics. Other European scientists also fled various countries threatened by Nazi takeover and came to the United States. Some of these scientists knew of Nazi plans to develop an atomic weapon. For a time, their warnings to Washington, D.C. went unheeded.

Not long after he began his career at the Institute in New Jersey, Albert Einstein expressed an appreciation for the “meritocracy” of the United States and the right people had to think what they pleased—something he didn’t enjoy as a young man in Europe. In 1935, Albert Einstein was granted permanent residency in the United States and became an American citizen in 1940. As the Manhattan Project moved from drawing board to testing and development at Los Alamos, New Mexico, many of his colleagues were asked to develop the first atomic bomb, but Einstein was not one of them. According to several researchers who examined FBI files over the years, the reason was the U.S. government didn’t trust Einstein’s lifelong association with peace and socialist organizations. FBI director J. Edgar Hoover went so far as to recommend that Einstein be kept out of America by the Alien Exclusion Act, but he was overruled by the U.S. State Department. Instead, during the war, Einstein helped the U.S. Navy evaluate designs for future weapons systems and contributed to the war effort by auctioning off priceless personal manuscripts. One example was a handwritten copy of his 1905 paper on special relativity which sold for $6.5 million, and is now located in the Library of Congress.

On August 6, 1945, while on vacation, Einstein heard the news that an atomic bomb had been dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. He soon became involved in an international effort to try to bring the atomic bomb under control, and in 1946, he formed the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists with physicist Leo Szilard. In 1947, in an article that he wrote for The Atlantic Monthly, Einstein argued that the United States should not try to monopolize the atomic bomb, but instead should supply the United Nations with nuclear weapons for the sole purpose of maintaining a deterrent.

Final Years

On April 17, 1955, while working on a speech he was preparing to commemorate Israel’s seventh anniversary, Einstein suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm and experienced internal bleeding. He was taken to the University Medical Center at Princeton for treatment, but refused surgery, believing that he had lived his life and was content to accept his fate. “I want to go when I want,” he stated at the time. “It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.” Einstein died at the university medical center early the next morning—April 18, 1955—at the age of 76.

During the autopsy, Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einstein’s brain, seemingly without the permission of his family, for preservation and future study by doctors of neuroscience. His remains were cremated and his ashes were scattered in an undisclosed location. After decades of study, Einstein’s brain is now located at the Princeton University Medical Center.

Why Are Polar Bears Endangered?

According to the definition, endangered species are those living creatures which are seriously at the risk of extinction. Polar bears are one such species that have been declared to be threatened, by the Endangered Species Act, since 2008. Polar bears are the first animals that made to the list endangered species, due to the problem of Global warming. In this article, we shall learn about – Why Are Polar Bears Endangered?

 Why Are Polar Bears Endangered

Where Do The Polar Bears Live?

The scientific name of a polar bear is Ursus maritimus. It is the only type of bear that is recognised as a marine mammal. Polar bears live in the Northern Hemisphere which is the Arctic region of North America and Eurasia. They can live on land and the ice of the sea. The countries in which they are found generally are Greenland (Denmark), Norway, Russia and Canada. They are also found in the state of Alaska in the U.S.A.

What Is The Scientific Classification Of Polar Bears?

Kingdom – Animalia
Phylum     – Chordata
Class         – Mammalia
Order         – Carnivora
Family       – Ursidae
Genus       – Ursus
Species       – Ursus maritimus

How Did The Polar Bears Evolve?

According to the recent researches, it is believed that polar bears evolved in the time span from 3.5 to 6 million years ago. They separated from their common brown bear ancestors. Over the years, they adapted themselves to live in the extremely cold climate of polar region of Northern Hemisphere.

What Is The Size Of A Polar Bear?

Polar bears are giant animals. Adult males weigh between three hundred fifty kilograms to six hundred kilograms or more. Adult females are comparatively smaller. They weigh between one hundred fifty kilograms to two hundred ninety five kilograms. Generally, their body length is between 2 to 2.5 metres.

What Is The Life-Span Of Polar Bears?

Life-span of polar bears is 15 to 18 years, on an average. Some polar bears can also reach up to the ages of mid 30s.

What Are The Reasons For Survival Of Polar Bears In The Arctic Climate?

Polar bears are adapted to live in the arctic environment, where the temperature falls up to -45 degree Celsius. Polar bears are covered by 2 fur layers, which keep them warm. When they are getting proper food and healthy surrounding, they also develop a thick layer of fats over their bodies. Polar bears have compact ears and tiny tails. So the heat loss from their bodies is very less.

Polar bears have feet covered with fur. Their feet also have papillae (small bumps) that prevent them from slipping. They are very sensitive to smell and can detect seals very easily. Their claws are very powerful and specially adapted to hunt for the seals from the sea.

What Do The Polar Bears Eat?

Polar bears are carnivorous animals. They are very skilled hunters on land, as well as in sea. Their habitat has plenty of seals. So they depend mostly on the seals for their food. They can eat both ringed and bearded seals. If available, polar bears also eat the sea birds and their eggs. They also scavenge for dead animals in the sea like walrus and small whales. After eating, the fur and the skin of polar bear turn a little reddish. Baby polar bears are not good hunters. So they are fed hunted food by their mothers up to the age of 2 to 3 years.

What Is The Current Population Of Polar Bears?

The exact population of polar bears cannot be traced as they are spread over various countries. The current estimation says that their population is 21,000 to 25,000. Their population and survival depends on many facts like environmental pollution, climate change, global warming and loss of habitat by human activities.

Why Are Polar Bears Endangered?

Polar bears are right at the top of the food chain. They consume the seals from the sea and prevent their over population. In past years, there has been a huge development in the oil and gas sectors, in the region of the habitat of polar bears. Actually, the baby polar bears are raised in these areas. So it is a great hurdle for the baby polar bears to reach adulthood.

Global warming has affected the habitat of polar bears massively. The change in temperature is very rapid in the Arctic region, compared to any other place. This is because of the global warming. The ice cap is shrinking constantly. The arctic ice has started to melt and the ocean water has started exposing to the sunlight. This has an ill effect on the feeding cycle of the polar bears. Their breeding and habitat is also adversely affected. Hence, there will be a gradual extinction of polar bears, due to the degradation of their natural habitat. If this rate of global warming continues, most of the ice in the region of the Arctic will melt, by the end of this century. Hence, the polar bears will also be extinct.

What Are The Mating And Reproduction Seasons Of Polar Bears?

In April or May, the polar bears feed heavily and then mate. After mating, the females dig dens in mountain slopes or hills, around the sea shores, in late October or early November. The cubs are born in these dens, in November or December.

At the time of the birth, the cubs are 30 to 35 centimeters in length. They weigh between half to 1 kilogram. Surprisingly, they are blind at the time of the birth. They are without tooth and have short fur. So they are completely dependent on their mothers for food and warmth. The cubs grow rapidly due to the rich calorie content in their mother’s milk. Birth of twin cubs is very common in polar bears. The cubs live with their mothers for about 2.5 years.

How Can A Common People Help In The Conservation Of Polar Bears?

  • Use public transport systems, as much as possible. You can also walk or ride bicycles.
  • Buy fuel efficient vehicles or rather, drive less.
  • Use water wisely.
  • Conserve power by turning off equipments, when not in use. You can also replace old equipments with power efficient equipments.
  • Support the research and organizations working towards the betterment of polar bears and other wildlife.
  • Buy product from the companies that are using eco-friendly methods.
  • Educate your family and friends about wildlife and its conservation.

Some Polar Bear Facts To Know:

  • Polar bears can hibernate partially.
  • Polar bears are not albino.
  • Polar bears are solitary. They do not hunt in groups.
  • Polar bears do not hunt humans, generally, as they are not their natural prey. But there are various cases when they have killed humans.
  • The polar bears move to land in summers, when the ice mass is thinner.
  • Polar bears never eat penguins because polar bears live in the arctic region, while penguins live in the Antarctic region.
  • Only female polar bears can be tracked. The neck of male polar bears is wider than their heads. So the collars that have to be tied on the necks, for tracking, fall off very easily. Hence, male polar bears cannot be tracked.

What Kind Of Dog Should I Get? – 9 Factors To Consider

A dog is a lifelong companion that showers unconditional love on its owner. This pet is excellent for keeping your stress levels and blood pressure in check. Besides, his presence in your house is known to enhance the social skills and confidence of your family members. Often, families who decide to adopt a dog, give a great thought on this matter as dog breeds come in an array of sizes, shapes and inherent characters. If you are one among those who are wondering what kind of dog should I get – this article will be of much use to you. Here are certain major considerations that you should make while choosing a dog breed that complements your lifestyle optimally.

what kind of dog should i get

What Kind Of Dog Should I Get?

Here are few things to note down before deciding to buy a dog breed:

1. His Temperament Matters

The dog is going to spend a considerable amount of time with you. This makes it imperative to gauge the inherent temperament of the animal. Its personality and predisposition should measure up to your predilections. The personality traits that should matter while making the choice are the dog’s:

  • Energy level (whether the dog is perky or reticent with a subdued disposition)
  • Willingness to submit to authority (whether it responds to authoritative instructions with a sense of obedience or it is recalcitrant and strong-willed)
  • Nature (whether it treats everyone it comes across with a friendly attitude, or it fawns only over the members of the family, and exhibits aloofness to strangers)
  • Ability to keep itself entertained (whether the dog becomes easily bored, and engages in destructive behavior when it is not paid enough attention by its owners, or whether it enjoys on its own for prolonged periods even when no one is around).

2. His Size Matters

The size of the dog is also another key attribute. What kind of dog should you get based on his size? Everyone is fond of cute puppies. However, they are not going to retain that small, adorable size for their entire lifetime.  A puppy grows at a rapid pace and attains a bulky body pretty soon.  Before bringing the puppy home, you need to check out the potential height and weight that the puppy would gain in the near future. This is important as your dog-budget would depend on his bodily dimensions. A large dog would need more food. Further, he would need extra-large space in the yard to romp around, and make it comfortable for him. Little dogs too would need plenty of room to run around because of their high energy levels.

3. His Grooming Needs Matters

Grooming needs of the dog should be considered. Health and cleanliness of the dog are essentially and inextricably linked to regular grooming. Shedding fur is a natural phenomenon in case of most of the dogs. The shedding pattern varies from dog to dog. However, profuse year round shedding is observed in some dog breeds, whereas others may shed in clusters for some weeks. Few breeds may shed sparingly. You will instantly fall in love with dogs with long and flowing coats. But, you will have to invest substantial amount of time, energy and effort to maintain the sheen, smoothness and fluffiness of the coat. You will find it easy to care for dogs with short coats. They will invariably shed however. You will also have to make arrangements to protect them in the rainy season and winters. Further, in case of breeds with fanciful trims, you will have to shell out extra bucks to arrange for professional grooming.

So, you need to make a conscious and informed decision regarding the amount of dog hair you are comfortable with, and the amount of time you can afford to spare from your hectic schedule to care for your canine companion. This will help you arrive at the breed that would best suit you.

4. The Dog’s Gender Matters

The gender of the dog should also be considered. Although, this does not have much of a bearing on the temperament of your pet, it is advisable that you neuter or spay a dog before adopting it. This will eliminate the minor differences inherent in the genders of the dog. After adopting the dog, if you have been mulling about breeding your dog, you should maintain strict vigil on the dog to keep undesirable breeding from taking place. You need to keep it confined in your yard. The female pet experiences heat twice annually. At that time, the intact female should not be allowed to mix freely with other dogs, especially the stray ones. Else, there is high potential of contamination creeping in the pure breed of the dog. So, consider these aspects while you decide upon the right gender of dog for you.

5. His Age Matters

When you are still wondering what kind of dog should I get, then a point that should not be ignored is none other than — age of the dog. Puppies are temptingly cute. The added advantage of having a puppy is that it can be raised completely by yourself in the manner that suits you well. You can arrange for its extensive training, grooming and socialization. Besides you can keep vigil on the manner in which things are taking shape at every step. However, on the flip side, you need to devote considerable amount of time, energy and patience to train the puppy, and be on its side. If you or the members of your family keep busy often, you have to arrange for a help to look after the puppy, and give him company. Puppies will not tolerate being alone for more than a few hours, and would become violent and destructive. Puppies have to be frequently taken out, and attended to for their meal related requirements in a fixed routine. Besides, puppies demand consistent interaction with people.

If you need a dog, which would not crave for constant attention, and would refrain from showing its tantrum the moment its demands are not fulfilled, you should go for an adult dog. You can purchase the dog directly from a breeder, or adopt it from a rescue team. It has been observed that calmness is an essential characteristic of mature dogs. So, an adult dog is not going to hassle you with a host of nagging demands.  Most adult dogs have already gone through the phase of rigorous training, and as such can adapt seamlessly to a home environment. And, they are more likely to obey you without posing any trouble.

6. His Health Matters

The health of the dog being chosen for adoption is another principal determinant. There are certain breeds of dogs, which suffer from diseases, or conditions that have been hereditarily transmitted. You can also request screening report of the breed for typical conditions like problems pertaining to the eyes or hips. If you are adopting the puppy from a breeder, he should be able to produce the needful certificate to corroborate the fact that the puppy is not a victim to any hereditary or chronic disease or condition. You should always seek such a certification before finalizing your puppy adoption decision. Furthermore, if you keep yourself informed of the specific health conditions of the shortlisted breed, you can exploit the information for alleviating problems in the future if known symptoms start surfacing.

7. His Healthcare Requirements Matter

When you are pondering over what kind of dog should I get, you have to commit your attention to the lifelong healthcare requirements of the adopted pet. This is a part of your responsibility as the owner of dog. You have to insure your pet under a suitable scheme cover, as preventive measures are always better. Else, you will have to foot the bills that would come your way if the dog falls prey to accidents, unpredicted illnesses or sustains injuries unexpectedly. This may inadvertently occur even if you have been showering utmost care on the pet. You have to plan sensibly to defray the expenses of such unpredictable nature. The insurance scheme would also cover the periodic medical expenses that you have to incur to maintain the pet in top-notch condition. This may include injections for anti-rabies and other ailments that your canine companion can succumb to. Besides, if the dog bites someone, you have to indemnify the aggrieved party as per the extant laws. This requires proper provision for the future, and it is therefore a significant consideration to make while deciding upon the kind of dog you should go for.

8. His Ability To Entertain You Matters

Those who seek pets that get involved in their master’s entrainment, often wonder what dog breed should I get to keep me company in my sport activities? Here is the suggestion of a few breeds:

  • The Newfoundlands is a waterproof-coated dog. Its strong webbed feet coupled with warm, thick and oily fur make it an ideal water rescue animal. These dedicated, obedient and sweet dogs can be trained to skydive into sea. They weigh around 100-150 pounds and shed a lot.
  • Another close competitor is the cute, curly haired and adventurous Portuguese water dog. This intelligent dog however seeks constant company of the owner else, they become mentally bored and enraged.
  • American Water spaniel is compact sized water dog and can be trained for retrieving games and to jump off the boat to snoop on water birds. The athletic animal can swim strongly and take pride in the double water resistant coat. They shed comparatively little than other water resistant dogs.
  • If you look for endurance and impressive strength in your dog, the Bernese Mountain dog fits your bill. They have long, silky coat and love to be along owners who fawn over them.
  • Another frontrunner in the category of strength and endurance is the Norwegian Lundehund, which displays nimbleness of wit and is sensitive. These are good companions for strapping mountain climbers. The elongated pad, feet with six toes and agile joints render them suitable for speedily climbing up steep faces. They have webbed feet and prick ears, which prove useful in surviving in the water as these organs, can be folded closed for protection against dirt and water.
  • Jack Russell Terrier is a small dog that is strong willed, intelligent, athletic, bursting with energy and affectionate. You have to get accustomed to its high pitch bark. They can give you constant company while running or going on bushwalking. They can also be trained for diving into holes to chase foxes and squirrels.

9. His Ability To Move In The Family Matters

Since most of us adopt dogs for having an added family member, here are a few suggestions of breeds that suit families.

  • Family guys can opt for the highly popular Labrador retriever which is a close ally of most Americans. This dog is affectionate, warm, maintain cordial relation with other dogs and treat the kids gently. They look for regular romps and are rugged, show a high degree of activeness and intelligence. The double coat, which is weather-resistant, makes it a dog for all kinds of terrains.
  • Another close contestant is the Golden Retriever which has a friendly temperament, exhibits fair degree of intelligence, and can accommodate itself in various climates. This breed can be trained to assist in rescue and search operations. It is an excellent guide for blind people. However, it can develop behavioral issues if it does not get to toil hard.
  • Another family dog is Beagle. They possess an easy-going attitude, are loyal and adorable. Their typical quizzical expression and playful temperament makes them ideal companions for kids. Further, they have remarkable endurance, and are good hunting dogs. Their curiosity quotient is high and as such they should be kept restrained by the leash, else they may wander off.
  • If your family loves energetic dogs, then Siberian Husky ideally suits your needs. They are bursting with energy. The thick coat is a gift by nature to withstand extreme cold climatic conditions and as such they can manage outdoor sleeping even when the temperatures plunge. The gregarious dog is excellent for family setting.
  • Another fast, intrepid and incredibly energetic dog is Weimaraner. These typical hunting dogs can be trained to work in the field for 8-10 hours per day on a trot. This dog proves to be very good companion for active persons. Grooming requirements are less as the dog does not shed in abundance.
  • Another breed that is an exercise maniac is Border collie. The agile dog can perfectly balance itself in rough terrains and can run for miles without gasping for breath. The dog is known to possess extreme intelligence and is a workaholic.

The above mentioned content must have shed insightful light on the various considerations that you have to weigh before deciding upon the right dog for you.

What To Give A Dog For Constipation?

Dogs are accredited with the title ‘Man’s best friend’ because of their intelligence, loyalty, affection and devotion. Dog owners are closely connected with their pets, and anything hurting them can worry the owners a lot. Constipation in dogs can be a genuine matter of concern for dog owners. This article provides quality information on what is constipation in dogs, what causes constipation in dogs, what to give for a dog for constipation, what are treatments provided for constipation, and much more. So read on.

What Is Constipation?

Constipation is the absent, infrequent or difficult bowel movements in dog. Constipation one of the common digestive system related health issue that most dogs suffer from. The signs exhibited include dry and hard stools passed with difficulty while defecating. Constipation is also an indication of a disorder like hypothyroidism. Another sign of hypothyroidism is the occurrence of mucus in the feces of dog.

What Causes Constipation In Dogs?

What To Give A Dog For Constipation

Several reasons may be behind your dog’s constipation.

  • Lack of sufficient fiber in the diet
  • Abscessed or blocked anal sacs
  • Lack of exercise
  • Neurological disorder
  • Side effect of drugs
  • Hernia
  • Excessive self grooming that paves way for a large number of dog hairs to get in to his stool
  • Enlarged prostate gland
  • A tumor or matted hair that obstructs at the anus
  • Ingested gravel, bones, dirt, stones, plants or other foreign objects that get trapped in the GI tract
  • Orthopedic issue that leads to pain when the dog positions to defecate
  • Dehydration as a result of other illness

How To Know If Your Dog Is Constipated?

The following are the signs by which you can know that your dog is having constipation.

  • Your dog has not passed his stool for two or more consecutive days.
  • Your dog strains while passing his stool.
  • Your dog cries while trying to defecate.
  • Your dog crouches while attempting to pass his stool.


The above are the signs that your dog may be suffering from constipation. In certain cases, the above given signs may indicate a urinary tract problem in your dog. Therefore, it is important that you take your dog to a vet upon observing such signs.

Are Some Dogs Prone To Constipation?

Elderly dogs suffer from strained or infrequent bowel movements every now and then. However, even young and adult dogs which are not provided with enough dietary fiber, do not get sufficient physical exercise, or suffer from any one or more causes of constipation, may be suffering from constipation.

What To Do When Your Dog Is Constipated?

Your vet may suggest one or more of the treatments given below depending on the cause behind your dog’s constipation:

  • A feces softener or another laxative agent
  • Drugs to raise the contractile strength of the large intestine
  • Increasing the dietary fiber content of your dog’s food by adding canned pumpkin, Metamucil, or wheat bran
  • Increasing the physical exercise of your dog
  • Administering an enema. This should be done by a professional, not by yourself at your home

Why Is It Important To Treat Constipation In Dogs?

Providing your dog with the right treatment for his constipation is very much necessary as leaving it untreated can lead to a serious complication called obstipation. Obstipation is the inability of a dog to empty his colon by himself via defecation. Under such a condition, the dog’s colon is overloaded with a large quantity of stool that makes him extremely uncomfortable and causes unyielding straining. Besides, he becomes lethargic, losses his appetite, and sometimes even vomits.

What To Do If Your Dog Is Constipated?

These immediate care tips should be given for constipated dogs:

  • If you notice a string or thread hanging out from your dog’s anus, do not try to pull it out as this can lead to internal damage in him.
  • Never handle his feces or tend to his anal related issues bare handedly. Instead, always be mindful to wear rubber gloves while you do those things.
  • If you notice grass in his anus, ease it out in a gentle manner.
  • Wash his anal area with warm water mixed with soap. After it dries out, apply a water-soluble soothing jelly to the inflammation.
  • Measure your dog’s temperature. If you find it to be abnormally high or if you find blood sticking to the thermometer, or if you sense any resistance when you insert the thermometer into his anus, take him to your vet immediately.
  • If your dog is longhaired like lhasa Apsos or Yorkie, he will feel quite a lot of discomfort from matted feces in his anal region and from the trimming process. In such cases, soak your dog’s posterior region in warm water, allow it to soften, and now start trimming him.

What Is The Veterinary Care Given To Constipated Dogs?

Your constipated dog may be prescribed common tests like radiography, blood test and abdominal ultrasound to find the underlying reason behind it. In certain cases, your dog may be admitted in the hospital and administered enemas in order to take away the obstruction in the anus. He may also be administered fluids under his skin in case he/she has been dehydrated too much. This will ensure that his GI tract is well hydrated. In case your male dog is experiencing constipation because of his prostrate, the vet may recommend castrating him. If your dog is suffering from severe constipation, your vet may administer intravenous fluids too.

What Are The Home Remedies For Constipation?

When your dog is constipated, not only he gets uncomfortable, but also may end up getting canine hemorrhoids. Here are some home remedies suggested for dealing with constipated dogs. Ensure that you are following just one of the methods described below. If any 2 or more of the following are applied, your dog may end up having severe diarrhea. Thereby, leading to dehydration. This is a list of what to give a dog for constipation.

  1. Give your dog good quality canned food: If you have been giving your dog only dry food, feed him with canned food for two days. The increased amount of moisture in his food will ease your dog’s bowel movement in a period of 12 hours.
  2. Give your dog some canned pumpkin: Some vets advice dog owners to feed their constipated dogs with canned pumpkin. Since the taste of pumpkin is delicious, your dog will readily relish it. The high fiber and water content in the canned pumpkin will help your dog pass his feces immediately. However, never use pumpkin pie filling instead of canned pumpkin as the sugars and spices contained in it is not suitable for your dog right now.
  3. Give your dog milk: Milk is one of the common foods found in your home. It is an excellent canine laxative. Give your dog a small bowl of warm milk. His constipation will be relieved within a few hours from it.
  4. Give your dog some gravy: Giving your dog some canned or jarred gravy is recommended when he has constipation, as it is sure to relieve his constipation. However, be sure not to overdo it. A few tablespoons of gravy are enough.
  5. Give your dog mineral oil or olive oil: Add some mineral oil or olive oil to the regular food of your dog. This will help him to defecate immediately on the next morning. However, be careful to add only a little amount of oil to his food. Else, he might get diarrhea. Trading constipation for diarrhea will never be a solution to his problem.
  6. Give your dog Aloe Vera Juice: Some dog owners provide relief to their dogs from constipation by providing them with a small quantity of Aloe Vera juice. However, there is some debate about this among the vets. So, to be on the safer side, consult your bet before giving your pet some aloe vera juice.
  7. Give your dog ginger and chicken broth: Mix ¼ of a teaspoon of ginger with half a cup of chicken broth or beef broth. Make your pup to ingest this. It is a good home remedy for constipated dogs. This works because gingers aids in digestion and in effective bowel movement. The fat content in the chicken or beef broth helps in moving his stomach contents along his intestinal tract.
  8. Give your dog green beans: Green beans help in beating constipation in dogs. Offer green beans as a treat to your dog.
  9. Provide your dog plenty of fresh and clean water: Lack of fluids is the most common reason behind constipation in household pets. Always make fresh and clean water available to your pet. Let the bowl of water be in his reach all through the day. Check his water bowl every day and replace fresh water in it.


If your dog is having constipation for more than 24 hours, or if vomiting accompanies his constipation, immediately take him to the vet. This is because these may indicate serious underlying problems like an obstruction in his intestines. This is therefore not the time to try home remedies.

How To Prevent Constipation In Dogs?

Prevention is always better than cure when it comes to your dog’s constipation. Here are certain things that you should follow in order to prevent your dog from being constipated.

  1. Restrict Him From Eating Grass

It is natural for your dog to feed on green grass occasionally. However, this is not a good habit. Therefore, it should be controlled to the maximum possible extent, as this is one of the factors contributing to constipation in domesticated dogs.

  1. Give Him Enough Exercise

Sedentary dogs easily are constipated. This is not the case with active dogs who actually hunt their own food. Exercise is important for keeping your dog in a healthy condition, and for preventing him from being constipated. If your dog’s life style is active, the waste material from his system freely moves through his digestive tract and gets out of it as stool. Besides, exercise also improves digestion and promotes the expulsion of body waste. So, never take any excuses to not top exercise your furry pet. Exercise him regularly. Take him for a walk; hide his food and let him hunt for it; and do many more. Exercising is not only a means of preventing constipation in your dog, but also to bond with your pet.

  1. Provide Him With A High Fiber Diet

If you are still wondering what to give a dog for constipation, fiber is the most often given by vets. Providing your dog with adequate dietary fiber is a big means to beat constipation in dogs. Fiber is an important part of your dog’s diet. It works by absorbing water into the dog’s food and making it easier for him to pass his feces. Besides, fiber also helps in maintaining your dog’s health by providing him with bulk and thus preventing him from over eating. Too much fiber should be given however, as this may prevent the absorption of minerals and vitamins into your pet’s body. A healthy dog- diet should be comprised 2.5 to 4.5 of fiber. In case your dog is suffering from constipation, you can slightly increase this percent to provide him a quick relief from constipation.

  1. Provide Him With Sufficient Hydration

Drinking an excessive amount of water cannot be a cure for constipation. However, the most important reason behind constipation is dehydration. When your dog’s colon absorbs water from the food into it, before your dog’s food is processed. If there is lack of enough water in the food, his stool becomes dry and hard. So, provide him with plenty of fresh and clean water regularly. Since your dog by his instinct knows how much water is necessary for him, you need not be afraid of over feeding him with water.

  1. Give Him Low-Grain Pet Food

High grain dog’s diet is not easily processed by your dog’s digestive system. So offer him a low grain diet that combines vegetables and meat. This kind of dog diet is increasingly getting popular these days, as this prevents dogs from being constipated.

  1. Other Measures
  • Prevent your dog from gaining access to dog bones, and foreign items that may enter his GI tract and obstruct it.
  • Neuter your male dog in order to prevent constipation resulting from prostrate.

How To Make Your Boyfriend Want You More?

For having a healthy and loving relationship, you and your boyfriend have to be in your best mood and qualities; but it is not hard work. You just have to follow the points given below for living a happy life. In this article on how to make your boyfriend want you more tips will be given on how to make the relationship last a lifetime with simple minor changes in your lifestyle and persona.

How To Make Your Boyfriend Want You More?

How To Make Your Boyfriend Want You More

1. Improve Communication – Avoid Taking Relationship for granted

If you were seeing together for some time, it would be quite common for both of you to begin taking each one’s presence for granted. This factor has been one of the common challenges in many relationships, but, in yours, ensure your fairy tale stands miles apart.

It is better you always remember the good qualities in your boyfriend. He could have pitched in a few jokes on your terrible day and made you feel happy. When you are tired and out, he could have brought food if you are staying alone and took you to a movie. Think of positive aspects about him, and once in a while, convey these positive points to him. He might feel great, too at the opportune moment.

Do not let this factor lead to possessiveness in your character. Taking account of every single action of his might signal him to start getting second thoughts about your domination in the relationship. If he confesses his love for you or his actions convey the same love feelings, give respect to his word, but stay on guard.

2. Different Communication Styles

The easy proverb about differences in men and women is “Men are from Mars and women are from Venus.” However, every person, even among genders, have different methods of communication and style. It does not matter whether you speak the same language. It is essential you understand the style of communication of your boyfriend.

Affiliative Communicators

Some belong to this type. They always enjoy asking others’ opinions and request for a feedback. They always prefer working in the same wavelength. They have a different notion of seeing challenges (or in some cases, disagreement) as symptoms of hostility or aggression. If you do not want to harm others, give an ear to every opinion, avoid arguments and converse very rarely, you can be called as an affliative communicator.

Competitive Communicators

These types are assertive, and take the lead in confronting challenges. They speak fluently to the point, and have the ability to take own decisions based on information. They are of leadership nature, can take challenges and speak their mind even in adverse circumstances.

A simple sentence can lead to misunderstanding in relationships. Always make it a point to ask for clarification when you cannot understand text messages or words.

In your relationship, your style can be competitive while the other person can be affiliative. These aspects can lead to minor arguments, but both of you need to be sensitive about the triggering factors and differences of opinion. Flexibility and compromise are the two important factors that can bind a relationship forever.

3. Active Listener

There can be conversations when you just want to shut your ears and move on with the “yes” shaking of head and a fake smile. Tuning out of a conversation can happen in every relationship. However, learn to identify the occasions or topic and try to become an active listener. It is a humanitarian fact every human being feels acknowledged, and his presence valued when your facial expressions convey that you are listening to him intently. Who knows? You might learn some valuable lessons from the conversation.

Faking Feelings can give rise to angst and turbulence in a relationship. If you are faking the listening feelings, naturally, when asked a question you will be at a loss. If you are not able to understand, you can ask with this sentence, “Okay, I heard you say ———————. Is that correct?” Alternatively, “What do you mean?” let him explain if you are not able to judge the words the first time.

Say words of encouragement during conversations. You can pitch in with valuable questions such as “Then what happened?” or “what did you do in that present situation?” The best way, experts say, would be a genuine feeling in the face and a slight nod by tilting the head.

All conversations cannot be explained. There might be a hidden issue. If your boyfriend goes on for thirty minutes about the hectic schedule tomorrow, you can listen to the conversation and say, “So you want to pick me up after a hard day’s work and we can go to the park tomorrow, right?”.

These methods can light the fire in a romantic relationship and also improve the communication levels.

4. Have Trust

Your boyfriend might be concerned about your health and he can ask questions such as “What did you have today?” or “What did you eat?”. Taking care of each other during illness can, in fact, enrich relationships. Trust in the other’s feelings can lead to sharing of deep thoughts. If he is facing a challenge in one of his classes or office, “Do you think that the situation can change if you tried this way……..?”

5. Avoid Blaming The Other

One of the sins and major causes of ruin in any relationship. Language is the most powerful medium found by humans to express their feelings. Words modified can be used to convey the same feelings, although in a lighter mood.

For example,

1)    You always forget to pick me up on Wednesdays when I have to go to my evening class? – A question in similar fashion, can put the other on a defensive mood.

2)    Consider following this sentence that conveys the same feelings – I get hurt when I miss my Wednesday class because you are not able to pick me up as we have agreed. Do you have some important work? If so, can I make my own arrangements?”

The second option will make the boyfriend give a valuable reason for his skipping the agreement.

6. Do Not Preach

When others find your faults, you behave like a lawyer. When you find that the other has committed a mistake, you become a judge.

Nobody likes to teach or preach in recent times. Even in schools and colleges, they share information. As a human, your ego gets bloated when you advice others. However, this aspect can signal the death of a relationship. You can, however, ask, “I heard that you are facing a challenge. Do you want me to try and find a solution?”

If your boyfriend asks for advice, may be, he is asking you to lend a sympathetic ear.

7. You Are Always Right

The ego is the most dangerous part of an individual. Although you have to maintain self-respect, skip arguments. Remember the famous phrase, “In an argument, nobody wins – everybody is a loser.”

8. Body Language

Your body language and gestures convey eight percent of your feelings. Note your body actions – non-verbal communication can send the wrong signals. It is advisable to maintain eye contact during a conversation (at least fifty percent).

How To Make Your Boyfriend Love You More?

Agreed, your generation has got more technologies to stay connected unlike your ancestors five decades ago, but sometimes, technology can feel two individuals feel distant. It is wrong to assume that because you are connected to the internet you are in perfect communication. The personal touch and aura – is unmatchable.

Make a ‘no-tech’ day together. You will be surprised as to how the tone of voice, lovable gestures and facial expressions mean to you. Your boy friend will respect the intimate time you spent with him and he might ask for the same every week or month.

9. Adjust The Timings

You might be working in an afternoon shift while he would have a night shift. Love is built in these stages. The weekends are only for both of you or your respective families. Adjust the timings and have a proper schedule at the end of the week such as going to a movie or a play. A short duration of time spent together amidst hectic schedules can bring the best in a relationship and your boyfriend will need your presence more.

10. Difference And Balance Between Love And Lust

There are lots of stories, novels and movies made about love and lust. Love can be explained as commitment for a long time, whereas lust can be termed as sexual desire that can fade away after a short duration. In relationships, lust is the first factor that comes to mind. However, love develops over a long time. After the initial bouts of lust, both of you can take some time off to determine the best aspects of each other. Communication plays a vital part.

11. Appreciate Your Boyfriend’s Personal Time

The challenge begins when one partner does not respect the other’s identity in society. Humans are social animals, and it is quite natural that though your boyfriend loves you, he also has a family to take care of. Appreciate his own personal time, identity and he will respect yours. It is also true that any partner cannot satisfy each and every need of the other person. So, spending time with families/friends and various hobbies can keep both of you happy and healthy.

12. Personalize Gifts and Outings

Adding a personal touch while presenting him with a gift on his birthday can make him long for you more. If your boyfriend loves green color, present him with a gift of the same color. This will make him realize you know and pay respect to his feelings, likes and dislikes.

You can also leave a personal note on his lunch kit or email. A reminder in words that appeal to him might do the trick. Giving him a funny quote on his WhatsApp can spruce the day for him.

13. Dress Up For The Occasion

If he wants to go to a party and wants you to accompany him, ask questions about the occasion. Dress accordingly. If it is a family function or get-together, a beautiful and adorable dress can make conversations pleasant and worthy.

14. Close Pals/Family

Just as you have your preference of making friends, he also has his own. Spending time with his friends can give you information on his best habits and needs. Do not spend the entire weekend with only your boyfriend. Make time for your family and your close friends. Spending time with your friends and family can make you see a situation from a different angle and can give a strong foundation for your relationship. You can invite him for dinner with your family or a weekend with your close friends.

15. Isolation

The best feelings of love can be felt only when you are in isolation, just the two of you. Arrange for a candlelight dinner when he has got a promotion and let him realize the feelings you have for the relationship. The time will be the best to share the feelings of love and promises. If you have some doubts lurking in your mind, this is the best time to get clarification in the smooth conversation.

If he is interested in going for a boat ride, arrange for it where only two of you can be close together without a feeling of this world. Similar options include a trek, trip to the zoo or a journey to a nearby tourist resort.

How To Make Your Boyfriend Want You

16. Plan Holidays Together

Agreed, both of you have to advance in your careers, but it will be worthwhile if you can take a leave and do some actions unusual such as playing music together or making a painting or portrait. The freedom can give you new options to convey your feelings. Loving Memories spent together are the basic foundation of any relationship. Having fun and positivity contributes to the infrastructure of love.

The Dreadful Days: How Long Did The Holocaust Last?

“Holocaust” or the final solution is the word originated from two Greek words “holos” meaning whole and “kaustos” meaning burned. Historically, Holocaust signifies sacrifices offered on the altar. After 1945, the word modified to take horrible meaning of mass destruction and loss of life. Owing to the brutal murder of 6 million European Jews and few people of oppressed groups of homosexuals and Gypsies the word acquired an awful form. This phase was during the Second World War. The anti-semitic Nazi leader Adolf Hitler considered Jews to be an inferior race. After years of struggle of Jews under the rule of Nazis, Hitler comes up with a “final solution” the Holocaust behind the world war. The camps turned into mass killing centers. So, how long did the Holocaust last? And how Jews and other minor groups suffered and the aftermath? Read the article to know more about this.

How Long Did The Holocaust Last?

How Long Did The Holocaust Last

Before getting into the phase of the holocaust, it is crucial for you to know the prior developments that lead to this mass destruction. So, let us see the prior developments.

Before The Holocaust

The anti-Semitism though referred to Adolf Hitler’s period but existed much before Hitler. Since, ancient time hostility toward Jews existed. The Jews were asked to leave Palestine forcefully after the Roman authorities destroyed their temple in Jerusalem. So, the term anti-Semitism dates back to 1870s. Later 17th and 18th century came in the Enlightenment with emphasis on religious toleration. In the 19th century, other European rulers along with the Napolean ordained legislation to remove the long-standing confinements on Jews. However, anti-semitic feelings began to take racial character rather than a religious one.

The origin of anti-Semitism especially the virulent brand of Hitler is vague. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria in the year 1889 and served the German army during the World War I. Similar to most of the anti-Semites in Germany even Hitler blamed the Jews for the defeat in 1918. Once the World War I ended, he joined the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP) known among the English speakers as Nazis. He was imprisoned due to treason for his part in the Beer Hall Putsch of 1923. During the confinement period, he penned the memoir “Mein Kampf” meaning “My Struggle.” In his work, he predicted the general European war resulting in the complete annihilation of the Jewish race from Germany. Further, he was obsessed with the thought of “pure” German race. He called this race as “Aryan” and people of this race required living space or “Lebensraum” to expand. Hitler rose the party from abstruseness to power eliminating the rivals within a decade after his release from the prison. He became the Chancellor of Germany on January 20, 1933, following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg. Then Hitler became a “Fuhrer ” – Germany’s Supreme ruler following an anointing.

Nazi Revolution 1933-1939

The spatial expansion and racial purity were the goals of Hitler and from 1933 these two formed the motivating factors to shape the domestic and foreign policy. Initially, Nazis were opposed by the harsh political components like Social Democrats and Communists. In Dachau near Munich was the first official concentration camp opened in March 1933. Most of the first prisoners here were communists. The camps sprang up and were widely spread to become the killing grounds – the Holocaust. The German concentration camps by July 1933 hold about 27,000 people in protective custody. Nazis hold huge rallies, public burning of books by Jews were some of the symbolic acts enacted by them.

The population of the Jews remained meager by1933 it was about 525,000 amounting to 1 percent of the complete German population. In the next six years took place “Aryanization” lead by the Nazis in Germany. This process fired non-Aryans from Civil services, stripped Jewish lawyers, doctor, and their Jewish clients, knocked off Jewish-owned businesses. As per the Nuremberg Laws of 1935 any person with three or four Jewish grandparents was designated as a Jew. And one with two grandparents (Jews) was considered as half-breeds or Mischlinge. According to Nuremberg laws Jews were always the targets of persecution and stigmatization. The synagogues (Jewish worship place) burned, and their shops were destroyed. And about few 100s of Jews killed and left 1000s imprisoned. Between 1933 and 1939 few thousands of Jews left Germany while those remained in the country suffered fear and state of uncertainty.

The War (1939-1940)

By September 1939, the western half of Poland was occupied by the German army. A lot of hundreds of thousands forced into ghettos from their homes. All those left back property was confiscated by Germany and was handed over to the ethnic Germans. Ethnic Germans were the people residing outside Germany identified themselves as Germans and were non-Jews. These ethnic Germans were probably Polish gentiles or Reich. On the other hand, Jewish ghettos wore horrified looks with barbed wires surrounding and high walls. Poland functioned as captive city-states and were governed by the Jewish councils. Additionally, diseases like typhus spread over the ghettos owing to the overpopulation and hunger. Further, Jews were unemployed and suffered poverty.

In 1939, Hitler came up with Euthanasia Program looking forward to more destruction. According to the program, Nazi officials picked up 70,000 Germans suffering from mental illness or other disabilities to be gassed until death. However, the program came to an end after few well-known German religious leaders protested in August 1941. But, the program indeed was implemented in secrecy and around 275,000 suffering from any of the disabilities were killed all over the Europe. When you analyze the scenario, you can find out the Euthanasia leading the Holocaust.

Towards The Holocaust (1940-1941)

All through the summer and spring of 1940 Hitler’s empire was extended all over the Germany with the aid of army. The Netherlands, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, France, and Luxembourg were conquered. In early 1941, Jews present in the whole of the continent and several thousands of European Gypsies were transferred into Polish ghettoes. Further, in June 1941, new brutal combat was initiated with the German invading Soviet Union. Einsatzgruppen were the mobile killing units employed to murder around 500,000 or more Soviet Jews and other communities generally by shooting as part of German occupation.

On July 31, 1941, the Hitler’s top commander Hermann Goering the chief of Security Service Reinhard Heydrich mentioned there is a need of “final solution” to the problem of Jews. Consequently, by September 1941, every Jew in the German-held territory mandatorily should carry a yellow star. These yellow stars make them open targets for shooting. Simultaneously, about tens of thousands of people were exiled to the Polish ghettos and cities occupied by Germans in USSR. From the mid of 1941 the killing experiments went on at the camps Auschwitz, near Krakow. Using a pesticide Zyklon-B around 500 officials killed 500 Jews in August. Additionally, the Security Service placed a huge order for the fatal gas with one of the leading German pest-control firm indicating more horrible holocausts are waiting.

The HoloCaust: Death Camps (1941-1945)

By late 1941, the Germans transported the masses from the Polish ghettos to concentration camps. The massed included the old, sick, weak, and young. The first gassing that is where people killed in masses began near Lublin in the Belzec camp, and the chain of disasters took place on 17th March 1942.Further, around five mass killing centers were set up in Poland, Sobibor, Chelmno, Majdanek, and Treblinka. Among all the setup centers, the Auschwitz-Birkenau was the largest. Between 1942 and 1945 all Jews residing in Europe, German controlled territory and countries associated with Germany deported to the deadly camps. During summer in 1942 the hefty deportations took place. In this around 300,000 people were deported from only the Warsaw ghetto.

Though Nazis tried to keep the death campaigns a secret, it was no possible due to high death tolls. Most of the eyewitness of the German atrocities approached the allied governments, but they failed to respond. And these governments were harshly criticized about their disability to act against such mass slaughter. The allied governments fail to take any action as they completely concentrated on the war in the hands and general disbelief on such atrocities happening on such a huge scale. Similar to large industrial operation over 2 million people killed at a camp of Auschwitz alone. A huge population of non-Jews and Jews were found working in the labor camp in this place. While Jews were gassed, the other population lost their lives due to disease or starvation. During 1944 in summer months even on the D-Day of World War II which spelled the end of Germany the Jews not spared from killing. About 12,000 Jews killed per day by deporting huge population to Auschwitz.

The Jewish Resistance

Germany’s overwhelming repression made it difficult for the Jews to resist. However, Jewish population tried to resist in several forms. Some of the Jewish religious traditions showcase their resistance against the inhuman act of Nazis. And attempts made by the Jews to escape from the camps and ghettos were a type of resistance. Most of them who succeeded to escape from deadly camps and ghettos managed to get into the mountains and forests and lived in the family camps set up there.

One of the significant revolts against the Nazis was Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. This took place following the massive deportations of the Jews from the prison to ghettos in September 1942. Again in January 1943 when Germans attempted to take several thousands of Jews a small unorganized group of Jews attacked them. The Germans ended up taking few people than the expected numbers. However, all of these revolts remained largely unsuccessful to face the superior powers of Germans.

Nazi Rule Ends Yet Holocaust Claims Lives (1945)

The German leadership started descending owing to internal dissent between Hitler and Goering, Himmler. Both opted to remain distant from Hitler and to snatch his power. In the political testament and last will the German dictator urged the Germans to follow “the strict racial laws and resist the Jews and prevent them from poisoning the Universe mercilessly” on April 29. The very next day dictator committed suicide. Followed by a week around May 8, 1945 Germany formally surrendered.

Most of the death camps evacuated by the German forces by the ending of 1944. The inmates sent on a march in the guidance of a guard beyond the distances as the enemies were fast approaching. These marches termed as “death marches” and it continued until Germany’s surrender with a death toll between 250,000 and 375,000. The Italian Jewish author Primo Levi have captured the moments of fear and dread in his work. One of the lines read “We lay in a world of death and phantoms. The last trace of civilization had vanished around and inside us. The work of bestial degradation, begun by the victorious Germans, had been carried to conclusion by the Germans in defeat.” These lines depict the state of mind of the author and his mates a day before the arrival of Soviet Camp in January 1945.

Aftermath Of Holocaust And Its Impact Forever

Holocaust resulted in such wounds that took a lot of time to heal, and it was a catastrophe. Though few survived in the lethal camps found it hard to get back to their homes. Most of them lost their families and the non-Jewish neighbors they had betrayed them. Consequently, in 1940s huge number of refugees arose. Among them, most of them were Jews, and other groups of the population who were ill-treated and found roaming around Europe. As an effort to punish the culprits of Holocaust, the Allies conducted the Nuremberg Trials in 1945-46. As a result, the atrocities of the Nazi regime were exposed. Due to pressure the Allied powers created a homeland for the Jewish survivors. As a result, Israel created in 1948.

The decades following the Holocaust were a bitter legacy to the ordinary Germans. The families of victims and survivors sought restitution for the property confiscated and loss of wealth during the rule of Nazis. In early 1953, the German government made a responsible move by making some payment to the Jewish people due to crimes they suffered.

How To Plant A Vegetable Garden?

I had always envied the vegetable gardens created by my friends and relatives in their backyards till I did not know how to plant a vegetable garden. Recently, I have been romancing with nature, along with growing some nutritious vegetables for my family. I am sure; even you are looking out for such fun and useful activity. Trust me! Once you know some basics about vegetable garden plantation, it is very easy to create your own. Let’s get started.

Benefits Of Growing Your Own Vegetable Garden

how to plant a vegetable garden

  • You can provide your family with organic, fresh and nutritious vegetables.
  • The vegetables grown at home will cost you less than the ones you buy.
  • You are helping to preserve the environment by reducing the transporting and warehousing aspects.
  • Not only you, but your family too will be engaged in learning about nature.
  • Your meals will be personalised and you will become more innovative.
  • Your children will have a priceless memory for their whole life-time.

Which Vegetables To Plant In The Garden

In the beginning, you might get carried away by the idea of vegetable plantation at home and might end up doing things in excess. Well, let us be reasonable and start on a small scale. This will prevent us from wasting the food. Before planting, we should take into consideration how much quantity of vegetables our family consumes. Once you have known this, you can think over growing following vegetables:


Slicing tomatoes can be grown easily and are used in various food preparations like burgers, sandwiches, sauces etc. ‘Brandywine’, ‘Celebrity’ and ‘Better Boy’ are some popular varieties, which you can get from local nurseries or online.

Bell Peppers

Bell peppers are very popular among the sweet peppers grown at home. They can turn red, yellow, purple etc. on ripening. Hot and long growing season is the most preferable one for these peppers. Some of the most popular varieties are ‘Sweet Banana’, ‘Purple Beauty’ and ‘California Wonder’.

Hot Peppers

Hot peppers are very important taste imparters. One tree can yield a great number of peppers during a single growing season. You can grow any variety of your choice like cayenne, jalapenos, anchos, anaheims and habanero peppers.


Cucumbers can be easily grown. They can bear too much of heat. Cucumbers grow as vines and also on the bushes. They grow in a sufficient quantity to feed a family of four and still be shared with some friends. Cucumbers are widely used in salads. Cucumber seeds that are planted in late spring or after the last frost, give very good quality cucumbers.

Green Peas

Green peas are a must to enhance the color and texture of your platter. They require cold and moist weather to grow. ‘Dwarf Gray Sugar’ is a popular variety amongst the home-grown peas.


While talking about easily growing and nutritious vegetables, we cannot forget spinach. Spinach is a late summer crop and can be harvested in fall. ‘Olympia’ is a widely grown variety of spinach.


Basil is a herb and is very easy to grow. It complements tomato like no other herb does. It has a spicy and tangy taste and many medicinal properties. You can add basil to sauces, soups, salads etc. ‘Genoveses’, lime basil and Thai basil are some of the popular varieties grown.


Beans can be grown very easily. They are a perfect choice for the beginners. They germinate quickly and in large numbers. They are high on the nutrition quotient too. ‘Provider’ is a good variety to try.


Carrots of different colors can be grown. They are tolerant to frost and are resistant to many pests. ‘Bolero’, ‘Thumberline’ and ‘Nantesa Superior’ are some popular varieties of carrots.


You may find difficulty growing cabbage. Cabbage requires cold temperatures and is more prone to pest attacks. So, proper care is advisable. ‘Stone Head’, ‘Primo’ and ‘Golden Acre’ are some quick yielding varieties.

After knowing about some easy growing varieties, you’ll be curious to know how to have proper soil for your vegetables.

Soil Building And Important Tips:

  • Soil is the most important factor in plantation, whether it is vegetables, flowers or any other plant species. So pay special attention on the quality of the soil. Soil should be rich in nutrients and deep.
  • Raised beds can help in gaining more nutrients, as they provide deep layers of fertile soil. Raised beds reduce the weeding problems. They also help in faster growth of vegetables.
  • Keep your raised beds rounded from top, rather than flat. This technique is very space-efficient.
  • Arrangement of plants also plays a key role in the amount of yield. Instead of planting your vegetables in square or row patterns, plant them in triangle patterns. This will help you to utilize the space more efficiently. Remember, this doesn’t mean that you have to plant your vegetables very closely. This can negatively affect your plantations.
  • Plant varieties like tomatoes, peas, melons, squash etc. which can grow vertical. Their maintenance and harvest is easy. They are not easily attacked by fungus.
  • Compatible plantation is also a good technique. The vegetables support the growth of other vegetables in some way or the other. Some of the widely used combinations are corn, beans and squash; tomato, basil and onions; carrots, onions and radishes; lettuce and peas etc.
  • You can grow more crops in your garden through succession planting. This technique lets you grow many types of vegetables in a single growing season like lettuce can be followed by corn, which can be followed by garlic or more green vegetables. Remember, every time you re-plant, you should replenish the soil with some compost.
  • You can alter the temperature for your plantations by using blankets, mulches, cold-frames, cloches, row covers, black plastic etc. This will render you some extra weeks of production for your plantations.

Stop Diseases And Pests

  • Water should be poured in the soil and not over the leaves. This will prevent fungal attack. If still your plant gets infested with fungus, throw it away to save other plants.
  • You can remove large insects and caterpillars manually, by picking with hands. For protection from tiny insects, use row-covers.
  • Use fences to protect your plants from rabbit, deer and other animals.
  • Control insects and bugs using insecticidal sprays. Make sure they are not harmful, in terms of consumption.

These were some basic tips for the beginners. I hope you will find these useful and be successful in your new adventure. After all, nothing tastes better than the vegetables grown and nurtured by one’s own efforts. Best wishes for planting your own vegetable garden. Please write to us about your experiences and useful tips. Together we shall create a green and healthy society.