How Much Food Should I Feed My Puppy?

Recent studies have shown that overweight or obese dogs don’t live long. Believe it or not, such dogs can suffer few life-shortening diseases like diabetes, cancer, pancreatitis, oral disorders, hypothyroidism and arthritis. Hence, it is important that you maintain your dog’s weight in a healthy way. This often comes with a very frequently asked question – how much food should I feed my puppy?

Also Read: How Often Should You Feed A Puppy?

How Much Food To Feed A Puppy?

How Much Food To Feed A Puppy

Don’t be blindly following those instructions written at the back of dog’s food package because every brand ingredients, serving size and the nutrition level varies. So, how much do you feed a puppy so that it sustains an ideal weight? This is what I am going to explain you here in this article.

Period How Much Food Should I Feed My Puppy?


Initial 8-weeks

Puppies shouldn’t be divided from their mums prior they’re 8-weeks old. A puppy, that leaves her mother sooner has a rough time adjusting. Moreover, there is a high incidence of diseases. Mama’s milk gives a pup with right nutrition & antibodies to turn into a healthy dog. When your pup is about 3 to 4 weeks, consider giving him or her solid foods gradually. Consider mixing 3 parts of food with 1 part of water. This makes it easier for your puppy to digest the food. If your pup starts eating solid foods prior leaving its mom, it will find it easy to adjust in your home.

6 – 8 Weeks

When your pup is 6 to 8 weeks old, feed 3 to 4 times per day. Every puppy is different and so are his or her nutritional requirements. Hence, it is important to pick a pup food, which sustains appropriate nutritional balance. Make sure that it is getting the correct proportion of proteins, calories and calcium. Don’t forget to see the label of the pup food you buy. This will help you feed him or her right. A specific meat must be the primary ingredient in the label.
After 8-weeks At this stage, you need to feed your pup 2 times a day

3 – 6 Months

This is exactly the time when a pup will be teething. It might turn into a picky eater or may lose its appetite. As a pet owner, it is important that you keep feeding your dog with nutritious foods 2 times a day. Take him to a vet, if he or she has upset stomach for over 1 to 2 days.

6 Months – 8 Months

At this stage, a puppy might look grown up, however, it is a pup still. Hence, you require feeding him with nutritious foods. Note that in some high quality pet foods the brand doesn’t make any separate food for pups. Instead, it is made in a way to serve both adult and puppy equally.
8 Months – 9 Months At this stage, you should be feeding 2 times a day.
1 Year Majority of breeds at this stage require being fed two times a day.


Does Size Actually Affect The Way You Feed Your Dog?

Yes, only with feeding puppies. They are supposed to eat 4 times in a day. Talking more about them, feed with your own hand. Soon, it begins to identify you as its food provider. This also increases the bond between you two. It is intimate & lets you both know better about each other. This also prevents future development issues like aggression and food possessiveness.

Is It Completely Okay To Keep Food in a Bowl & Leave It For Your Dog?

No, it is not. Leaving food this way for your dog calls for “free feeding”. Often experts do not suggest this for different reasons. This is particularly true when it is a puppy. It is recommend to feed your puppy on a scheduled meal time. This means feeding on the same time and for same duration every day. Leave the food & take it back after 20 minutes (whether it has eaten or not). A proper meal schedule trains a dog when it is time to actually eat.

Portions Vary For Every Pooch

For Puppies: Though it might sound counter-intuitive but as a rule, bigger dog breeds need less food than smaller ones. The food needs of individual dogs differ based on their health, activity level & age. A puppy is usually introduced to some solid foods when it is 3 to 4 weeks old. It is entirely weaned from mama’s milk by 8 weeks. Young puppies on the other hand have to be fed 3 times per day. By the time, a puppy is 5 or 6 months, his or her feeding schedule is reduced to two times a day. And if you own a very finicky puppy, consider adding warm water into its dry food and encourage him or her to eat. Cow’s milk acts as laxative & can cause digestive issues on puppies as well as adult dogs. If your pup doesn’t eat all the food within 1 hour, throw away the uneaten part. If your pup seems to be putting on excess weight, reduce its food intake gradually but if its ribs are showing up, increase the food portions. Talk to a vet for more guidance.

For Adults: A dog, when it’s a year old, it means that he or she has reached complete maturity. This is exactly when it enters into “maintenance period”, meaning his or her nutritional needs will stay the same even during its adult life. Your dog’s overall weight must remain stable & its body must be well-proportioned. If your dog doesn’t shows any desire to eat its food, then it’s a sign that your dog is suffering from pain or some sort of illness. So, monitor the way he behaves and eats carefully. And since it’s your dog, who else knows him better? So, if you find anything suspicious, never hesitate to take him to a vet.


A puppy might drink large amounts of water. A cat or a dog can lose almost all of its body fat & half of its protein mass (muscle) & still survive. However, if it loses 15% of body water, it will die. Water is one of the most important nutrients of all. A dog (of any age), which eats dry foods, water is required to dehydrate its stomach for digestion. On the other hand, a puppy will need lots of water for each pound than adult dogs for the reason that they’re growing. It is ok to schedule as to when your pup drinks but on an everyday basis, you should allow him to drink what it wants & needs.

How Often Should You Feed A Puppy?

It is truly a very precious moment when you decide to bring a new 4-legged cute pet to your house. I completely understand that trepidation and excitement, which comes with it. Now, it is equally important to take care of your pup all the time. As a pet owner, it is your responsibility to keep it clean and feed with right nutrition. And if you are new to all this, you might often wonder how often should you feed a puppy. To help you know better, here is something important for you to read.

How Often Do You Feed A Puppy?

How Often Should You Feed A Puppy

Here is a quick answer to the question – how often to feed a puppy.

Usually, puppies eat plenty of food. Right from its birth to 6 months, puppies require eating 2 or 4 times in order support its overall development. Puppies should usually be fed 3 to 4 times a day. If you’re at present feeding ¾-cup of food two times in a day, try spacing it by feeding ½-cup 3 times per day. Since they are just little, experts suggest offering smaller meals so that it becomes easier for them to digest. This will avoid energy levels to peak & fall with repeated meals. After 6 months, 2 times per day feedings are good. And for any reasons, if you cannot feed your puppy 3 times per day, do not worry because they have the ability to adapt themselves.

I hope you now know how often should you feed a puppy. This is not the end of this article though. There are still few things that are important for me to explain here.

As said earlier, puppies require taking plenty of calories for a faster growth. In the beginning, it means around two times as many per pound as adult dogs eat (of same breed). Puppies rapidly grow up in their initial 5 months. Pay attention to the food labels. This will help you feed it right. On the other hand, don’t feed your puppy in excess. You can find this by observing them keenly.

You must be able to feel their ribs and not see. This is a clear sign that you are feeding it with right proportion. Moreover, your pup should have visible waist. This is very true for puppies of all breeds – big / small. Generally, you need to follow the guidelines given at the back of dog food’s bag. Adjust up / down based on your pup’s appetite & body condition.

How To Know If Your Pup Is Consuming The Correct Amount?

Veterinarians normally evaluate dogs by using the so-called “body conditioning” score. This ranges from 1 (for emaciated) – 5 (for obese). It is normal for young pups to have baby fat, however, after their initial 8 – 10 weeks, “pups must be a two”. Learn to judge your puppy at home. With a score of 2, it is supposed to be relatively thin. This is exactly when a pup’s ribs are clearly seen. In fact, one can clearly see its backbones. On the other hand, you shouldn’t feel fat over its ribs. By 5 months, your puppy should appear lean.

A Perfect Daily Routine For Your Puppy

Time What To Do?
6.30 AM Quick exercise
7.00 AM Outdoor walking, morning meal, playtime & back to its crate
10.00 AM A small walk, bonding time with the owner & back to its crate
12.00 PM Healthy midday meal
1.00 PM A small walk, playtime & back to its crate
5.00 PM Outdoor walk, evening meal and playtime
7.00 PM Small walk, playtime & back to its crate

When Should Your Puppy Begin Consuming Solid Foods?

Puppies must get solid foods when they are around 4 weeks or when they aren’t getting all the necessary calories they require from their mum’s milk. Also, you might require moistening dry foods until it is spongy. Keep in mind, the solid food feeding to your puppy shouldn’t be an overnight attempt. The process has to be gradual. Perhaps, within a 2 to 3 weeks course.

What Foods To Give Your Puppy?

Generally, a pup’s food has to be enriched with proteins, minerals, fats and vitamins. These are very essential for its growth. Let me also tell you that ingredients among brands can differ largely. Commercial puppy foods should meet “Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO)” nutrient standards. It is best to ask a vet about the basic guidelines of what your pup should be fed and what to not. Small dogs mature much faster than bigger ones. Regular food with the label — “for all-life levels” is great too. In the initial 6 months, the nutritional requirements for any pup changes very quickly. So it is wise to ask your vet regarding the recommend diets.

Move From Pup Foods Once It Matures

There is needless to say that puppy’s food come with whole lot of proteins, minerals, calories and other nutritional supplements. Therefore, you have to switch to adult-dog food once it starts approaching maturity. There isn’t any definite age as to when this switch must be made. This timing varies for every dog breed. Basically, smaller the dog breed is, faster it reaches its maturity. While making a switch to adult-dog food, it is important to do it gradually. Perhaps, within 1 to 2 weeks by slowly mixing in rising proportions while decreasing the puppy food.

What Foods To Stay Away From?

Try avoiding foods, which lists meat by-products or corn as its primary ingredient. Usually, meat has to be the first one. And stay away from feeding puppy food for a long time than it is supposed to because this can lead to obesity & other orthopedic problems.

Don’t Allow Your Pet To Get Chubby

Again, this comes to the way you judge your pet. It is vital to judge its body condition so that you can know when and how much food to give. Recommendations on food labels are just guidelines and won’t apply to all dogs. You might require feeding little more / less based on its body condition.

Why Do Dogs Eat Poop? – 6 Reasons They Do This

Just like humans, dogs have their own motives and behaviors. If you own a dog, then you might have seen him or her eating some strange things. Though there are many weird things dogs consume, we are here to list down the various reasons to the question – why do dogs eat poop.

Why Does My Dog Eat Poop?

Why Do Dogs Eat Poop

Did you know that when many dogs live in same household and if any one falls sick, healthier dogs at times eat the feces of unhealthy dog. Now, this might be an instinctual reaction for hiding the ill dog from predators. Before even dogs were domesticated, as myth goes – they were scavengers. They lived on whatever they found. Thousands of years ago, dogs used to feed on other animals waste. So, poop eating is just a remnant of dog’s history. A dog eats poop for different reasons. Sometimes, it might eat its own poop or other animals’ feces. You might feel sick when you see this but understand that this is a very common behavior in pets. A dog eating poop signifies different reasons, which include:

  1. It Is A Sign Of Nutritional Imbalance

Whenever a dog his or her own poop, know that it is experiencing a nutritional imbalance. Believe it or not, stool still contains some undigested nutrients, minerals and is the main reason why your dog is eating it.

  1. Because It Is Stressed

A dog eats poop out of anxiety or whenever they are lonely. Eating his or her poop signifies a displacement behavior.

  1. Dog Eats Poop Out Of Boredom

So, apart from the above listed reasons, why do dogs eat poop? Well, boredom is yet another major reason. Lack of proper interaction, exercise or any physical activity often makes a dog end up eating his or her stool. In fact, they even play with the poop out of boredom.

  1. Because It Loves The Smell And Taste

This might sound yucky to you but a dog just loves the smell and taste of other animal feces. In fact, the scent and the stuff tempt his or her tongue to have some.

  1. It Wants The Environment To Be Clean

Few dogs might eat poop in the house just to keep their surroundings or living space completely clean. A dog that is physically punished for potty training mistakes often learns to eat his or her stool to prevent the master from getting angry.

  1. It Could Be A Sign Of Illness

Make a note that not all coprophagy is harmless or normal. A dog that suffers from malabsorption syndrome like exocrine pancreatic insufficiency tends to eat stool (either its own or other animal feces). It might be trying to recover the essential nutrients it cannot absorb during normal digestion.

Is It Harmful When A Dog Eats Poop?

It all comes down to the contamination. Is the poop contaminated with fleas, worms or other harmful parasites, which carry viruses and bacteria? If yes, then there is no doubt of the red signs. The consequences of consuming contaminated feces also depend on the dog’s immune system and its overall health. Take for example, young puppies. They have developing and delicate immune systems. Therefore, might be susceptible to bad poop, particularly if they are not fully vaccinated. So, it is better to allow your puppy for neighborhood walks and hikes only after he or she has received all the vaccination shots.

Why Do Dogs Eat Poop Of Other Animals?

As said earlier, they are extremely attracted to other animal’s feces, especially a cat’s. The reason why a dog is attracted to cat’s feces is because cat food has more amount of protein and fat than dog food.

How To Stop A Dog From Consuming Poop?

A little amount of poop is certainly not going to hurt your dog. However, if you don’t want your dog to do this, there are certain things you can do about it.

  1. Prevent Your Dog From Accessing Poop

The best way is to keep your environment clean and neat. Tidy your yard to prevent your dog from accessing poop. Lure him or her with something yummier. Even better, try to distract your dog whenever you sense or observe that he or she is going to eat poop or has developed an interest on it.

  1. Keep The Litter Box Out Of Your Dog’s Reach

Not only should you keep the litter box far from your dog’s reach but also make sure to keep it clean.

When You Need A Vet’s Help?

If your dog is eating poop, first you have to make sure that there isn’t any underlying health issue. Few dogs begin eating stool whenever they are not acquiring enough nutrients. Chances are that they have few pancreatic issues or have parasites. Such are the times when a coprophagic dog requires a thorough examination from vet.

Why Is Your Dog More Attracted To Poop Than Dog Food At Times?

Dog’s digestive system depends on a certain mixture of enzymes in order to break down proteins, fats and carbohydrates. There are even evidences, which suggest that digestive system of a dog has not caught up to today’s modern diet (which often tends to have less animal protein and more of carbohydrates). Few veterinary nutritionists claim that a dog eats poop to replenish enzymes. Also, there are evidences, which show that dogs are not getting sufficient nutrients and this is exactly when they begin to eat poop. The main reason is lack of B-vitamin, which leads to coprophagia.

Neglectful Parents

A behavior of dog eating poop is often linked to owner. Well, many dogs purposely eat stool to get the attention of their master. Even if the attention is negative, it is still an attention and that is exactly what a dog wants. Also. Few dogs might resort to eat stool only because they aren’t getting adequate real food. Moreover, if the owners don’t keep their dogs’ living area clean, they start eating poop to clear out everything.

We hope you have found this article useful. If you have tried some good tricks to stop your dog from eating poop and want other readers to know about it, feel free to drop them in the comments section.

What Is The Most Venomous Snake In The World?

There are numerous types of snakes in the world. Snakes are found almost everywhere on the earth. Some are poisonous while some are not. Now, you must be wondering, What is the most venomous snake in the world? – Well, we have come up with this article to end your quest and enlighten you about the most venomous snake in the world. Read further to know in detail.

The deadliest snake in the world is Inland Taipan. Its scientific name is Oxyuranus microlepidotus. It is also called Western Taipan.

Classification Of Inland Taipan

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Subphylum: Vertebrata
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Order: Squamata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Family: Elapidae
  • Suborder: Serpentes
  • Species: O.microlepidotus
  • Genus: Oxyuranus

Where Is Inland Taipan Found?

Inland Taipan or the Western Taipan is found in semi-arid areas of the central-east regions of Australia.

what is the most venomous snake in the world

What Is The Toxicity Of Its Venom?

It has been recorded that a single bite of Inland Taipan can yield up to 110 mg of venom. This quantity is sufficient to kill about 100 human beings and about 250,000 mice. The venom has the potential to kill an adult human within 45 minutes. The venom has an LD/50 of 0.03mg/kg. Hence, it can be referred as 50 times more venomous than the common Cobra and 10 times more than the Mojave Rattlesnake. The venom of Inland Taipan is made up of the substance called Taipoxin. It is a mixture of toxins like procoagulants, neurotoxins and myotoxins, which restrict breathing, paralyze the body muscles, damage the muscles and cause hemmorhage in tissues and blood vessels. Fortunately, Inland Taipan is not a very active reptile. Also, its encounters with humans are very rare. So it does not contribute to the most number of human deaths per year due to snake bite.

How Does Inland Taipan Look?

The color of Inland Taipan ranges from deep hue to brownish light green. Its color also depends on the seasons. The snout is rounded. The head and neck of Taipan are darker than the rest of its body. In winter, the body color changes to almost black, so that it can heat itself by exposing just a little part of its body at the burrow. The dorsal scales on its body are without kneels and are smooth. The eyes are average in size. The iris of its eye is blackish brown in color and has a negligent rim around the pupil. The approximate length of Inland Taipan is 1.8 metres. It has been recorded that the length of this snake can grow up to 2.5 metres.

What Is The Diet Of Inland Taipan?

Inland Taipan mostly feeds on rats and birds. Like other snakes, it does not wait for its prey to die. Instead, it attacks with about 8 bites at a time to kill its prey.

However, Taipan can become prey for King Brown Snake and Monitor Lizard. These animals are immune to most venomous snakes. Having read about the Inland Taipan, you may also like to know about other poisonous snakes in the world. We have presented a list of such snakes too.

Other Venomous Snakes

  1. Rattlesnake

most venomous snake in the world
Image Courtesy:
  • It is one of the few poisonous snakes of America.
  • The peculiarity of a rattlesnake is that it has a rattle at the end of its tail.
  • It is from the Pit Viper family.
  • The venom of rattlesnakes consists of hemotoxin, which destroys tissues, degenerates organs and causes coagulopathy.
  1. Vipers

what is the most poisonous snake in the world
Image Courtesy:
  • Vipers can be found almost everywhere in the world, but the most poisonous ones are found in Central Asia and Middle East. These vipers are Chain Viper and Saw Scaled Viper.
  • After being bitten by a viper, a person may have pain and swelling at the spot of bite, bleeding from the gums, vomiting, swelling of the face, severe drop in heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Death from the viper’s bite can occur within 1-14 days or more.
  1. Death Adder

the most venomous snake in the world
Image Courtesy:
  • Death Adder has its home in New Guinea and Australia.
  • It looks like a viper, but its head is triangular.
  • Death may occur within 6 hours of its bite.
  • Death Adder has the quickest strike in the world.
  1. Tiger Snake

the most poisonous snake in the world
Image Courtesy:
  • Like many other venomous snakes, Tiger Snake too is a native of Australia.
  • Death from Tiger Snake’s bite can occur from 30 minutes to 24 hours.
  • It is very aggressive and its accuracy of attack is unerring.
  1. Philippine Cobra


  • poisonous snakes in the world
    Image Courtesy:

    Philippine Cobra is the most venomous out of all the cobras known till date.

  • It can throw up its venom up to 3 metres of distance.
  • A person bitten by Philippine Cobra may die within 30 minutes if not treated on time.
  • The neurotoxins in its venom inhibit nerve signal transmissions.
  1. Black Mamba

the most venomous snake in the globe
  • Black Mamba is found throughout Africa.
  • It is very aggressive and can strike very precisely.
  • It is the fastest snake on land with a speed up to 20 km/hr.
  • It can strike up to 12 times in a series and about 10-25 adult humans can be killed from a single bite.
  • The death can occur within 15 minutes to 3 hours.
  • Without any treatment, there are 100% chances of a victim’s death.
  1. Blue Krait

most venomous snake in the globe
Image Courtesy:
  • Blue Krait is found in Indonesia and throughout South East Asia.
  • It is also called the Malayan snake.
  • It mostly lives in hidden places but becomes very aggressive during darkness.
  • It is 16 times more poisonous than a common Cobra.
  • Even if treatment is given, survival from its bite has lesser possibilities.
  • The death of a person occurs from 6 to 12 hours of its bite.
  1. Eastern Brown Snake

most venomous reptile in the world
Image Courtesy:
  • Eastern Black Snake is found in Australia. It lives in populous areas.
  • It is very aggressive.
  • It can bite a person several times if he/she seems a threat to it.
  1. Belcher’s Sea Snake

very poisonous snake in the world
Image Courtesy:
  • It is very passive most of the times.
  • A few milligram of its venom can kill thousands of human beings.
  • Most of the sea snakes are harmless.

So this was all about the most venomous snakes in the world. If you have any query or suggestion, feel free to drop it in the comment box given below.

Meet The World’s 5 Biggest Spiders To Scare The Shit Out Of You

Spiders are the one creature that can be found all over the world. Moreover, these spiders are available in all the sizes. Apart from living in the natural habitats, numerous pet lovers love to keep these spiders as their pets. But have you ever given a thought as what is the biggest spider in the world? If not, meet the world’s 5 biggest spiders to scare the shit out of you. Just read on and if you are also a pet lover, you may love to have these spiders in your pet collection.

5 Of The Biggest Spiders In The World

1. The Goliath Bird-Eating Tarantula

The Goliath Bird-Eating Tarantula


Yes, I know, you might definitely be wondering why we have added the ‘Bird-Eating’ in the title. So, to answer your question, we would like to tell you that YES, this spider does eat birds and is large enough that can catch the birds easily. You will be amazed to know that The Goliath can easily reach up to 1 foot in body length. Moreover, it has fangs that can reach up to 1-inch in length. All the Goliath has very small and tiny hairs on their bodies. These small hairs, Goliath uses to shoot on whoever or whatever is trying to threaten them. However, there is a good news. It is that there is no effect of Goliath’s bite on human beings, unless you are not allergic to spiders. If, in case, the Goliath bites you, you can experience severe pain at the place of bite, and sometimes extreme sweating and even nausea.

The Bird-Eating Goliath primarily lives in the habitats that get excessive rains. So, the home of these bird-eating Goliath tarantulas is the rainforests of South America, but there are several spider-lovers around the world, who love to keep these bird-eating Goliath tarantula as their pets. One amazing fact about these bird-eating Goliath Tarantulas is that they make a frightening sound by rubbing their legs together. Moreover, this sound you can hear even from the distance of 15 feet. The name these Bird-Eating Goliath Tarantulas has been registered into the Guinness Book of World Records for being the largest spider in the world in the year 1965.

2. The Huntsman Spider

The Huntsman Spider

The second in the list of largest spider is the Huntsman Spider. It is so big that its body length can reach up to 1 foot long, and the leg span can be up to 6 inches long. Primarily, the Huntsman Spider is the native of Asia, but you can also find them in some of the subtropical areas of California, Texas, and Florida.

There is a strange story, how these huntsman spider reached to American land. Long back, by hitching a ride on bananas and banana leaves, they reached to the U.S. and hence, from then, these Huntsman spiders are also called as Banana spiders. Therefore, do watch out while you eat any imported banana next time. The other amazing factor or you may say the creepiest factor about the Huntsman is that they are very fast, and they are able to walk sideways. Moreover, they can easily scurry up in even extreme smooth surfaces, which include window glasses without any problem.

3. Brazilian Salmon Pink Birdeater

Brazilian Salmon Pink BirdeaterCredit: exoticpets.cebuonlinejob

The third in the list is yet another bird eater. However, this is not as big as the Goliath one, and despite being named as bird eater, the Brazilian Salmon Pink Bird eater does not eat birds at all. Instead, it feasts on small creatures, for example, frogs, mice, insects, mice and many more. The primary habitat of this Brazilian Salmon Pink bird eater is the rainforest, and their leg span may extend up to 10 inches long. The color of the Brazilian Salmon Pink Bird Eater is brown along with the pink salmon hairs. It uses these hairs to shoot at the prey so that it can be disabled and can be eaten without any problem. Once the prey is disabled, the Brazilian salmon pink bird eater pounces on the prey and spiting the digestive juices on it. In this way, the Brazilian salmon pink bird eater pre-digests the victim, and once it is done, it sucks it up completely.

4. Poecilotheria Rajaei

Poecilotheria Rajaei

I understand that you can feel the name a bit weird. But the Poecilotheria Rajaei is one of the newest species of spiders that have been found recently. The discovery of this spider is done in the forests of Sri Lanka in the year 2009. If we talk about the body size, the Poecilotheria Rajaei has a leg span of about 8 inches. Moreover, it has a pinkish-gray band all over its abdomen. One of the unique things about these spiders is that they love to reside on the trees that are already fallen, and apart from this, their major habitats include rocks and INSIDE PEOPLE’S HOMES. So, beware and keep on checking for THE POECILOTHERIA RAJAEI inside your home. All the Sri Lankans, please keep an eye inside your home and all the people who are planning their next vacation to Sri Lanka, I think you would like to change your destination.

5. Brazilian Giant Tawny Red Tarantula

Brazilian Giant Tawny Red TarantulaCredit: askalist

Named as Brazilian Giant Tawny Red Tarantula, it is also the native of some other countries, which include Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is one of the biggest spiders alive today in this world. You may find it amazing that they can have the leg span of up to 10.2 inches. No matter where their primary habitat is, because of the pet lovers around the world, there is always a threat of these spiders. Thousands of pet lovers love to have this spider in their home or collections, and hence, there are times when these spiders can move out and can be dangerous to humans.

So, these were some of the best and biggest spiders that are present and can be found all over the world. Always be careful with the spiders, because there are chances that the bite from spider can be dangerous for you, not always but sometimes.

How Do Dolphins Communicate?

Dolphins are brilliant mammals that are capable of complex emotions. They have proved their proficiency to communicate, coordinate and interact with other species. They maintain a complex social network with associates, relatives and also casual relationships with other dolphins that are associated with the larger group. Dolphins find food by hunting together.  They work in teams to herd the prey and then swim into the school of fish to chomp the meal. It is still not completely understood how dolphins communicate and coordinate despite intense research on the discussion.

How Do Dolphins Communicate?

In case you didn’t know, sound travels faster through water than through air. Dolphins rely on the sound to communicate with their peers. All the bottlenose dolphins have a unique high pitched whistle. It is also called as the signature whistle (Tyack, 2000). It is used to identify the details such as names. Using the whistle, it is capable of letting the other members of the pod be aware of each other’s position. It also helps communicate their mental state.

When a dolphin is in a state of distress, it will emit a high pitch whistle. The whistle is meant to establish physical or vocal contact with the nearest member of the pod. The responder will often mimic the whistle or move towards the direction of the Whistler.

When a calf and its mother is separated, they use the whistle until they are reunited. The whistling is also evident when they are separated from the pod.

Since, it is common for a dolphin pod the whistle at once; Dolphins will not immediately rush to the source of whistle upon hearing the signature call.  But in any case, the Dolphins may whistle to keep track of each other’s position.

While foraging for prey, the bottlenose dolphins may whistle. Research points out that the Dolphins are likely to whistle at a greater frequency upon finding a school of prey. When the calls increase, it attracts more members to partake in the rounding of prey. It also benefits more dolphin members to snack on the fish.  The whistling behavior is also to attract more members so that it establishes the sense of security among the pod from sharks and other larger predators that have interest in the same prey being rounded up by the Dolphins.

Dolphins are capable of mimicking the sounds of other dolphins and can recreate identical whistle.

However, when dolphins are part of a larger group, they whistle to get the attention from the dolphin pod. Despite the research pointing out this fact, it is unclear about the exact reasons for imitating the sounds.

Dolphins are known to use other sounds to communicate with their members. They give pulsed sounds during the courtship period. But, if a dolphin is in a state of aggression, it emits a click-train buzzing.

Despite the Dolphins having keen eyesight above and below the water, they do not rely on the visual communication. Sometimes the silt and floating particles affect their visual efficiency over larger distances. There are questions aplenty with regards to one of the brainiest mammals on earth. The body language and the gestures are still under study waiting to be deciphered to understand the species.

Below are some of the common dolphin behaviors observed from the Dolphin Research Center. These signals are reckoned as visual communication.

Play dead: It rolls over yielding in the vicinity of another dolphin.

Flex: It bends the head and tail outwards

Headwag: Quick side to side jerking of the head.

Arching: It bends the head and the tail inwards.

Eye whites display: Rolls their eyes from a neutral position and exposes the whites of their eye.

Snit: Steep head-jerking from one side to another while the jaws can be closed or open. It may also be accompanied by squealing. But, sometimes it may also be a display of aggression or agitation.

Dolphins also communicate by touching the members of their pod. It is normal for the calves to swim beside their mother making body contact with the pectoral fins or their flanks. It helps build the bond and promotes the social tendency among the pod members. They can also engage in a rough body contact while establishing the dominance or during courtship.

Dolphins use their teeth to make parallel scratches on each other’s skin. It is hard to ascertain their exact relevance in the dolphin community. Here are some signs that dolphins indicated while being studied at the Dolphin Research Center.

Butt: pounding with snout.

Rub: Rubbing each other’s body with friction.

Hold hands: bringing the pectoral fins together.

Bite: Gently gripping the body part another animal with the mouth

Mouth: tapping other animals with mouth open.

Pectoral Pat: tapping with the pectoral fin.

Push: poking another with the head

Ram: Head butting another dolphin with force applied.

Nuzzle: Gently brushing with another with the mouth shut

Standing on chest: Lifting another Dolphin out of the water, while the dolphin lifting will remain inverted. The recipient is placed between the flippers. This behavior is usually seen between mother and her calf.

Tail kick: slapping with the tail.

Tooth Rake: gently placing the grip on the body of another animal with the teeth. It could also indicate aggression or agitation.

For years, dolphin researchers have looked hard into the behavior of dolphins trying to unknot their intricate communication system. It seemed that their communication system is structured in the manner the humans do. Albeit, some dolphins have learned to understand efficiently the hand gestures and computer generated whistles, we are still short of an accurate answer to predict the meaning of their behavior.

Dolphins have evolved gracefully in the complex system, and their learning ability is evident from the behavior and response to the commands of animal trainers. They are graceful creatures that have mastered the art of communicating and interacting not just with their species but also with humans and other animals as well. These animals are capable of detecting a stressful situation and have rescued humans and other animals from distress.  Hence,   it remarkable how the Dolphins had acquired the ability to understand and respond appropriately to situations.

Super-Permeable Concrete Drains 4000 Liters of Water in 60 Seconds

Water logging is a major issue in most parts of the world when you have no means to drain the excess water; it can leave home and streets flooding with water. However, all that may be the thing of the past because topmix Permeable has just the right solution to prevent water from remaining stagnant on the surface. The company has created a super concrete that has a [permeability rate of 36,000 mm/hour. If that doesn’t amaze you, nothing will. It helps to drain the water rapidly from the surfaces such as parking surface, streets, walkways and driveways when it rains heavily. The company claims their invention is so robust; one has to see their video believe it.

However, some of the frequently asked questions about their product is the utility of the concrete in the frigid temperatures. Also, many web users were curious what would happen if the dirt blocks the permeability of the concrete in due time and the susceptibility of the material to collapsing and opening into a sink hole.

Here is the company’s response.

Will The Pavement Not Crack At Frigid Temperature?

The concrete offers structural stability at varying temperature despite offering ideal permeability. The product was designing bearing in mind the contributing factors such as the permeability to allow idea draining on the event of a storm

The company assured the curious askers that the water wouldn’t sit within the permeable substance and would rather drain below as the storage layer will have an aggregate of 30-40%. Hence, if the water froze within the layer, it wouldn’t compromise the draining potential significantly.

Wouldn’t The Pavement Be Blocked Over Time Due To Dirt And Remain Unusable?

Topmix claims with an average permeability of 36,000mm/hour; it would take an impractical amount of dirt at any point in time to cause failure in the system’s functioning. As the average practical permeability needed is 300mm/hour to deal with a 100-year-old storm despite the fact that permeability could vary depending on local climate conditions. Topmix claims even if there is 95% block, the area will still allow a considerable amount of water.

What About Risks Of Sinkholes?

Sinkholes are caused when the rock beneath gives way due to the acidic water and are a caused by Karst process. Hence, the company assured there won’t be such risks considering the fact that SuDS design is implemented, and a ground investigation is conducted prior to paving or application of concrete.


21 Interesting Facts About Polar Bears

Polar bears are some of the fascinating animals whose numbers are dwindling, thanks to the global warming that has resulted in the catastrophic loss of habitat and hunting by humans. The bear species is staring at the face of extinction and will soon be fade into history if the efforts are not taken to save last of species. In this article, you will learn some Interesting Facts About Polar Bears.

  1. Polar Bears build their dens from old snow that had fallen in the previous year rather than using the fresh snow.
  2. The weight of the adult female polar bear is roughly 500 to 600 pounds (227 to 272 kilogram).
  3. The weight of the polar bear cub is a little over a pound at birth.
  4. The only other predator of the polar bears is humans, who hunt the bears for sport, meat and fur. The excessive hunting has almost driven the species to extinction.
  5. A polar bear’s fur isn’t white. It is opaque as each strand is hollow. The fur has the potential to reflect light. The hollow fur also helps trap the heat and keeps the bear warm in frigid conditions.
  6. A polar bear’s primary source of a meal is the seal. They are efficient hunters when they are in pursuit of a seal.
  7. Often, it’s the pollutants from the humans that have resulted in the devastation of the species.
  8. The mating season for the Bears begin in the month of March and continues till July. The development of the fertilized egg will not begin until September.
  9. Polar bears have disciplinarian parents. When the mother is out hunting a meal, the Cubs are to remain in the enclosure for safety. The mother bear will coach the Cubs to remain frozen till she returns. If the Cubs move at will, it will be disciplined by the mother who whacks the cub’s head.
  10. The polar bears have rough paw pads to prevent them from slipping on the ice.
  11. A polar bear’s fur is water repellant and oily. It helps them dry quickly after a swim through frigid waters of the Antarctica.
  12. Do not get taken by the cuddly looks of the Polar bear. She is a strong, ruthless killer capable of devouring a beefy prey with a single blow of her paws.
  13. Unlike the common notion that bears hibernate, polar bears are an exception. The female bear will remain huddled in the den with her young. Not with an intent to hibernate, but to escape the extreme weather.
  14. A polar bear is a smart animal. Sometimes, the mother bear builds not only a single room den but also a makes a partition with ventilation on the roof.
  15. The polar bears do not start mating until they are 4-5 years old. It is the period when they are mature.
  16. Did you know that polar bears are finest swimmers? They swim using their front paws to generate forward propulsion, and the chunky hind legs are used for steering.
  17. A polar bear conserves the heat by curling up and covering their muzzle (nose) using their paws. It’ll help the bear conserve the heat.
  18. It is easy to assume that the bear will catch a chill in the cold temperature of Antarctica. But, the bear overheats under her excessive fat.
  19. The adult bear can grow up to 10 feet tall and can weigh as much as 1400 pounds.
  20. Polar bears do go visiting places such as the town of Churchill, Manitoba in Canada.
  21. Polar bears are apex swimmers capable of swimming distances of 100 miles (161 kilometers) at a stretch. They can also swim with a top speed of 6 miles an hour.


What Can You Give A Dog For Pain?

There is nothing more hurting than to see your dog in pain. Infection, illness, depression and injuries are some of the common reasons behind it which often makes a pet owner to ask – what can you give a dog for pain. A dog doesn’t completely understands what it is going through unless it experiences some sort of pain. No matter what the reason is, it is distressing to see this and you would soon want to see your pet happy and sound again. Here is what you should know.

What Can You Give Dogs For Pain?

What Can You Give A Dog For Pain

When a dog suffers pain, it can be a very scaring scenario. It can often make dogs to go aggressive. At such an emergency, you will often need to a quick tip to make your dog overcome its pain. And there can nothing be better than few over-the-counter medications. Though most of which we use aren’t intended for canines but still there are some, which are reported to be safe for dogs and can potentially lessen the pain they go through. So, any day if you see your dog in pain and don’t have much time to take it to a vet, you can consider the below options.

  1. Pepto-Bismol

Pepto-Bismol (regular strength) could be given for different intestinal issues like upset stomach, diarrhea, gas and vomiting. The dosage should not exceed 0.5ml to 1ml for every pound (1-teaspoon per 20-lbs). It can be given at every 6 to 8 hours. However, this isn’t advised for nursing or pregnant dogs or the ones that have bleeding disorders. On the other hand, it is highly toxic to a cat.

  1. Aspirin

Since the topic is about, what can I give my dog for pain, aspirin cannot be missed. If given in right proportion to your pet, it is safe and heals its pain in no time. It is also well known to lessen swelling, inflammation and fever in dogs. To simply put, aspirin can be used on a short-term basis for treating minor aches & pains. Neverthess. You got to be very cautious regarding the dosage. It should be between 5-mg & 10-mg for every pound of your dog’s weight. You can give it two times a day but not more than this. And anything over 30-mg for every lb — it is toxic. Especially, if you are giving aspirin to a puppy, pay more attention on the dose because its kidneys and liver are still immature to metabolize a medication like aspirin.

  1. Hydrogen Peroxide 3%

Suppose, you suspect that your dog has ingested something dangerous, contact your vet right away. He or she might suggest you to make use of hydrogen peroxide in order to make your dog vomit. Give 0.5 or 1-teaspoon of it for every 10 pounds of your dog’s weight. Use an eyedropper or syringe for best results. Allow it to take an affect. This usually takes about 15 – 20 minutes but don’t exceed 3 doses. Never induce vomiting in case your pet has ingested any sharp object, acid, cleaning product or petroleum ointment.

  1. Tylenol

So, what can you give a dog for pain apart from the above? Though Tylenol is often said to work for dog’s pain, but as far as I have researched about it experts do not recommend this for some reasons. In fact, it is claimed to be very toxic at times. Even giving in low doses can trigger serious issues in your dog. I am writing this to only make you aware so that you don’t end up killing your own dog. It is highly advised to check with a vet before deciding to give Tylenol for your dog. If your veterinarian gives that ‘go ahead’ sign, still be very careful with the dosage. Normal Tylenol dosage for dogs is 5-mg for every pound and shouldn’t be given more than 3 times in a day (once in every 8 hours). Harmful side effects of Tylenol in dogs is said to be often with its kidney and liver. It damages extremely. Better to avoid the risk!

  1. Benadryl

If your dog suffers pain out of any allergic reaction. Say for example, itchiness and swelling, then consider giving Benadryl. Typical dosage for your dog is suggested to be 1-mg for every 25-lbs. And give only twice in a day. Benadryl tablet comes in 25-mg tablet and if your dog weighs 25-lbs, 1 tablet is sufficient to overcome his pain.

  1. Imodium

Anti-diarrheal drugs, which contain Ioperamide like Imodium could be given to dogs, especially if it suffers inflammatory bowel diseases or diarrhea. Standard Imodium tablets are usually of 2-mg and if your dog is more than 20-lbs, then you can consider giving 1-mg for every pound. On the other hand, if your dog is under 20-lbs, make sure to give in liquid form. Let me also clear you that herding breeds could have adverse reactions too. Therefore, it is highly advised to never give this pill to Collies, Australian Shepherds, McNabs, Long-haired whippets & silken windhounds.

  1. Mineral Oil

Using mineral oil to treat constipations is considered 100% safe for both humans and canines. However, it is still better to be careful with dosage, especially when you are giving it to your dog. If your dog has mild constipation, consider giving 1-teaspoon for every 10-lbs of weight. And make sure to give it with food & is never directly into its mouth. Use only on short-term basis because it can easily interfere with your dog’s mineral absorption.

  1. Pedialyte

If you still want to know what else can you give your dog for pain, then read this. If your pet is been vomiting or is suffering from diarrhea, then chances are that he or she is dehydrated. At such times, pedialyte could be of great help. Since it is an oral electrolyte solution, it can replace essential minerals & fluids. Just mix the solution in equal proportions of water. Also note that this medication is only for dogs and not cats. On the other hand, if your dog is young, probably under 20-lbs, lactating or pregnant, consult your vet before giving.

What Can I Give My Dog For Diarrhea?

There are times when your dog falls ill. Though there are many health problems seen in dogs, often people complaint their dogs getting “diarrhea”. It is a condition characterized by frequent liquid or loose bowel movements. The cause behind this varies from something mild (changes in diet) to more serious infection or illness. This is when someone often wonders – what can I give my dog for diarrhea? After a proper research, we have listed some great tips to help your dog calm down.

What Can I Give My Dog For Diarrhea

Before we explain in detail regarding what to give dogs for diarrhea, it is important for you to know few things. Read on.

What Causes Diarrhea In Dogs?

  • Changes in diet
  • Ingestion of spoiled food, something toxic or garbage
  • Food intolerance
  • Ingestion of a foreign object (say for example, plastic bag, rubber band, toy and so on)
  • Liver problems
  • Kidney issues
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Viral infection
  • Bacterial infection
  • Tumors or cancers in the digestive tract
  • Internal parasites like giardia, coccidia and roundworms
  • Allergic reaction
  • Excess stress
  • Certain medications

Symptoms of Diarrhea

  • Frequent liquid / loose stools
  • Mucus or blood in stool
  • Change in stool’s volume
  • Dog strains to defecate
  • Flatulence
  • Decreased appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Dehydration
  • Lethargy
  • Weight loss

Note: If the dog’s diarrhea is black, possibilities are that he or she might be suffering internal stomach bleeding or there is something wrong about his or her small intestine. If this sounds more like your dog’s situation, see a vet immediately.

What To Give A Dog For Diarrhea?

Diarrhea happens all of a sudden but lasts only for a short period. However, there are dogs that suffer diarrhea for weeks and even months. However, do not let your dog to go that extent. Treat your dog immediately and take him or her to a vet if the condition persists for more than 1 day. However, before taking your dog to a vet, you can do few things at home to help your furry friend calm down.

What Can You Give A Dog With Diarrhea? – Home Remedies That Truly Help

Unless the diarrhea in your dog is severe, few home remedies easily treat the condition. These are as follows:

  1. Withhold Food For At Least 12 Hours (But Not Water)

The best way to ease the diarrhea in your dog is by withholding food for at least 12 hours. You can take away water if you want too but this is not advised because he or she might be dehydrated. Even if you are giving water, make sure to give in small amounts for several times in a day. After 12 or 15 hours, rather serving dog food, serve a bland diet 3 to 4 times throughout the day.

Here are few options to choose from:

  • Baked potato (avoid flavorings or skin)
  • Boiled egg (avoid adding oil or butter)
  • Cottage cheese (avoid liquid)
  • Cooked white rice (avoid butter / flavorings)
  • Boiled turkey (avoid skin, flavorings and grease)
  • Boiled chicken (avoid skin, flavorings and grease)
  • Scrambled egg (avoid oil or butter)
  1. Feed Smaller Servings

Feed smaller servings of bland diet few times a day. Then, gradually increase the amounts until a complete formed stool is passed. Begin to wean your dog with its usual food after a week but make sure to be gradual with the dog food.

  1. Avoid These….

Since your dog is suffering from diarrhea, make sure that you do not give snacks, table scraps and dog bones because these might irritate his or her intestinal tract.

  1. Give Pepto Bismol

Since the question is about what to give dogs for diarrhea, “Pepto Bismol” is something we cannot miss writing about. This medication is a great way to ease your dog’s condition but make sure to give in small doses for every six hours. Dosage depends on a dog’s weight. It is usually 1 ml/lb. Pepto Bismol stops vomiting. Typical dosage administered to dogs is between 0.5ml and 1.5ml for every pound (which makes it to 10 ml or 2 teaspoons). Therefore, the overall everyday dose is supposed to be divided into two to four doses.

  1. Give Imodium AD Or Kaopectate

Apart from Pepto Bismol, you can even consider giving 2 other OTC medicines to a dog with diarrhea. These include:

  • Imodium AD (one ml for every lb, with an interval of eight hours)
  • Kaopectate (one ml for every lb, with an interval of two hours)

Note: Diarrhea usually lasts for 1 or 2 days and the naturally heals. However, for any reasons, if your dog still experiences it, consult a vet immediately so that the condition does not worsens.

When Should You Seek A Professional Help?

With all the treatment options listed above, a dog should usually feel fine. However, a pet owner should meet the vet if:

  • The dog still runs a fever
  • There are changes in behavior
  • The dog feels sluggish
  • There is blood in the stool
  • The dog becomes weak
  • The dog shows debilitation signs
  • The dog experiences frequent bouts of diarrhea

As a pet owner, if you observe the above listed signs, we recommend you to take your dog to a vet immediately. Also, take a sample of your dog’s stool (even if it is watery) when you meet the vet.

How To Prevent Diarrhea In Dogs?

Understand that even a healthy dog can get diarrhea. It is completely normal. It is not a disease. So, don’t be scared or worried unless the case is severe. However, there are certain things you can keep in mind to keep your dogs away from diarrhea. These include:

  • Update your dog’s vaccinations
  • Ensure that your dog is free from parasite
  • Take your dog to a vet for a routine checkup every month
  • Do not allow your dog to access spoiled food, garbage or something that is toxic
  • When you take your dog out, make sure that he or she doesn’t eat anything from the street
  • Do not allow your dog to ingest other animal feces
  • If you are planning to switch the dog’s food, make sure to do it gradually or just consult your vet before taking such a step