56 Interesting Facts About Sharks

Do sharks impress you? Do you like knowing interesting facts about sharks? Then, read ahead.

Interesting Facts About Sharks

  1. Did you know that the Oceanic Whitetip sharks are known to feed on survivors of the shipwreck? Yeah, so “Jaws” is real! Hence, the famous marine researcher Jacques Cousteau quoted that Whitetips were the dangerous sharks in the ocean.
  2. OK, you should be thanking this shark isn’t lurking in the ocean anymore; it is a mega sized oceanic beast easily dwarfing many other sharks even the Great Whites. The shark is known to have the most powerful bite of any creature that ever existed, and they fed on whales.
  3. Ever heard of a shark with a spineless dorsal fin? Your answer – Carpetsharks.
  4. Did you know thriving within a Great white’s mouth are parasitic organisms?
  5. Sharks have families too. Whale sharks, one of the biggest oceanic fishes can conceive up to 300 shark pups.
  6. There lived a shark once that resembled a platypus. It was called the Bandringa. They had a long snout, and the head was covered in spikes. They also had protruding jaws.
  7. If you wade into Bull shark infested water, watch where you step. The bull sharks are known to have poor eyesight due to tiny eyes, so they easily mistake people for food.
  8. Most frequently asked question – why are sharks important for the ocean ecosystem? The best answer is, to keep the balance of marine life especially several smaller fishes the sharks feed upon. Without the sharks, the ocean life balance will be in disarray.
  9. The highest shark attack incidents are recorded in the Volusia County in Florida. More shark attack incidents are recorded here than elsewhere in the world. Since the year 1882, 210 incidents have been recorded.
  10. There is an idling shark that mostly remains motionless on the ocean floor for days at a stretch. It is unclear why they indulge in such behavior.
  11. Thanks to the membrane called the tapetum lucidum that sensitizes the shark’s eyes to light, most sharks have excellent vision even in murky water.
  12. Sharks can be thugs as well. A type of shark called as the Thresher shark slaps their prey to death. It’s choice of weapon, its tail!
  13. There is species of shark known as the Megamouth that was discovered in 1976. Just 41 sightings of the shark have been registered.
  14. Dogfish shark is known to be amongst the oldest shark species in existence.
  15. Great Whites are choosy sharks that are capable of determining if the food they chomp the first time will satiate their appetite.
  16. A shark once existed that looked like “What if your nightmare turned real?” It is the Helicoprion. This extinct species is known to have a circular-saw-like protrusions in the mouth. World’s first pizza cutter, maybe!
  17. Did you know sharks do not kill for sport; they are lethal hunters when they are hungry? But, they are so skilled at hunting; Sharks stalk their prey like serial killers till they are hunted.
  18. The flesh of a shark is made of water (30-80%). It retains the structure, owing to the protein network.
  19. There are miniature sharks called as Pigmy sharks. On an average, they measure 8 inches (20 centimeters) long and are capable of illuminating using the chemicals in their body.
  20. Due to intense commercial fishing, 20% of the sharks are close to extinction. Most of the incidences involve accidental hunting of sharks with nets and hooks.
  21. Sharks like colors that differ in contrast. So, if you have uneven tan lines, the shark will certainly investigate out of curiosity.
  22. Sharks have acute senses due to the presence of electroreceptor on the nose. They are capable of detecting blood in the water several miles away.
  23. A shark is an adaptive species. They can swim in a school of other sharks (with a variety of shark species) without feeling threatened.
  24. There are sharks that thrive deep beneath the ocean surface where it is hard for the humans to venture. The species known to survive the depths are Goblin Sharks. They live in the underwater mountain ranges and continental shelves.
  25. The sharks known to have the largest surviving population are the species called as Dogfish Shark.
  26. Little do people know that the sharks are classified into eight orders?
  27. A shark species called as the Wobbegong latches on their prey and refuse to let go till the prey has been subdued. So, if you have been unlucky to be bitten by a wobbegong, you will endure some deep wounds.
  28. After showcasing the iconic movie “Jaws”, recreational hunting became a thing among fishermen who wanted to snag a Great White for sport.
  29. Basking sharks prefer traveling in schools (up to 100 sharks) or pairs.
  30. Just like cows do, sharks are capable of regurgitation of food from their stomachs.
  31. The shark’s gills maintain a good balance of salt in their body. The process of balancing the salt is called as osmoregulation
  32. When the female shark is ready to conceive, she will lose her appetite to ensure that she doesn’t feast on her litter.
  33. While most continue to debate with regards to the preference of colors, Scientists has discovered that shark have cones in their eyes that are identical to the humans to helps them distinguish one color apart from another.
  34. Sharks are perfectly adapted as the killers of the sea; they are silent and have no vocal cords to make a sound.
  35. Yes! Sharks do have tiny hairs (sensory hair cells) aligned in the pockets of skin under the skin. They are also called as the pit organs.
  36. The spines of the shark can move back and forth in an S pattern while the shark is in motion.
  37. There is a particular species of shark known as deep swimmers. They can easily swim 2,200 (7,200 feet) meters beneath the ocean surface. The species are called as a sub-arctic shark.
  38. If you thought only humans were capable of overeating, think twice, because Blue sharks are a species known to devour food without knowing the limits. They chow down a school of fish, vomit and continue eating.
  39. The female shark remains in the gestation period for 11 months.
  40. Sharks are amongst the commonest species found in the oceans.
  41. If you were unlucky to be a shark meal, be wary of the 40,000 pounds per square inch bite force. Well roughly translating…. Off goes your limbs like finger chips.
  1. Some mating rituals can be strange such as the case of a Female Blue Shark. It develops a hard skin to protect them from the love bites of male shark.
  2. There are sharks that are known to work even before they are born. The sharks chomp their way into freedom of the ocean.
  3. It is unlikely for a great white to leap from water under normal circumstances unless they are hunting seals. After stalking the seals, they make a surprise attack by launching from beneath the water.
  4. Up to 80 % of shark attack victims live to tell the tale.
  5. While sharks are certainly fearsome beasts of the ocean, it is the sharks that are vulnerable at the hands of humans. Humans are known to kill up to 73 million sharks every year.
  6. Sharks in aquariums are known to bond well with humans, especially the staff interacting with the sharks. Strangers are excused!
  7. Sharks are known for their keen senses. They are capable of picking up acoustic signals from low-pitched noise created by movements of fish.
  8. There is a shark species whose meat is deadly for consumption. It is called the Greenland Sharks. It can put a person in the state of libido after consumption.
  9. A shark’s teeth is known to be as strong as human teeth. Albeit, each is made of different minerals.
  10. Some sharks are excellent at camouflage they use their glowing underside for staying hidden. They are known as cookie-cutter sharks.
  11. During the lifetime of shark, they lose many teeth. A shark isn’t vulnerable to the cavity, but they lose their teeth when it gets lodged while chomping prey.
  12. A shark species, in particular, is a popular test subject to evaluate the hearing, intelligence, and vision of sharks. They are called the Lemon Sharks.
  13. Did you know there are sharks that are social? The Nurse sharks are known to share the sleeping quarters with other nurse sharks?
  14. If you thought that sharks are winners at hunting seals, think again. Seals chow down puffadder shysharks after tossing them in the air. Puffadders are 2 feet long.
  15. Dogfish sharks have the longest and the smallest pregnancies. They have a record of their own.
  16. When there are fewer sharks, it could spell trouble for smaller fish and tuna because when small fish don’t eat algae, they overgrow and smother the precious coral reefs.


Troll A – The Tallest Structure Ever Moved By Mankind

When was the last time you moved something heavy? Was it heavy enough to make you think you moved a mountain? Think twice, if not a mountain, there exists something equivalent has already been moved by humanity. Still wondering what could it be? Troll A. It is a natural gas platform built in the year 1995. It was placed in the North Sea owned and operated by Statoil. Troll A was one of the complex engineering feats that were achieved by the humanity. Overlooking the blue ocean at 472 meters (1,549 ft) from the ground above, it has no match at the sea. The platform weighs as much as 683,600 tons (1.2 million tons with the ballast included). This colossal towering giant was towed 200 km from the village of Vats to its resting place in the North Sea in the year 1996. The entire event was televised as it was one of an iconic engineering feat.

Troll A – The Tallest Structure Ever Moved By Mankind
Image Courtesy: olavolsen

The platform rests on the sea floor that is 303 meter (994 feet) below the surface. The legs of the platform are a continuous hollow slip made of concrete. They have channels installed to mobilize the imports and exports from the bottom to the surface. It also has an elevator installed that takes 9 minutes to reach the floor from the surface.

The Walls of the Troll’s towering legs measure a meter thick. It is heavily reinforced with high-grade steel and concrete in one continuous fill (slip forming). Each joint (composed of several conical cylinders) is attached with mathematical precision. The width of the legs dilate at the bottom, thus giving greater stability to the structure itself, and it flares out gracefully from the surface to the floor. Troll A’s concrete legs are designed to withstand the forces of the sea. It is designed to withstand the pressure of the water below. Hence, continuous flow concrete is used to design the structure. To fill the frame of this structure using a continuous flow took 20 minutes to fill out every 5 cm area.

The construction of the Troll A platform began in the year 1991 by the Norwegian contractors for an oil company named Norske Shell for a whopping $650 million USD. The construction began in phases where the deck and the base were separately built. The entire structure was joined in the year 1995 after partially submerging the base. The gargantuan base is a Condeep gravity structure that is built from highly reinforced concrete. Its final resting place is just 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the northwest of Bergen, Norway. It took just seven days to haul such a colossal structure over the sea.

How Much Food Should I Feed My Puppy?

Recent studies have shown that overweight or obese dogs don’t live long. Believe it or not, such dogs can suffer few life-shortening diseases like diabetes, cancer, pancreatitis, oral disorders, hypothyroidism and arthritis. Hence, it is important that you maintain your dog’s weight in a healthy way. This often comes with a very frequently asked question – how much food should I feed my puppy?

Also Read: How Often Should You Feed A Puppy?

How Much Food To Feed A Puppy?

How Much Food To Feed A Puppy

Don’t be blindly following those instructions written at the back of dog’s food package because every brand ingredients, serving size and the nutrition level varies. So, how much do you feed a puppy so that it sustains an ideal weight? This is what I am going to explain you here in this article.

Period How Much Food Should I Feed My Puppy?


Initial 8-weeks

Puppies shouldn’t be divided from their mums prior they’re 8-weeks old. A puppy, that leaves her mother sooner has a rough time adjusting. Moreover, there is a high incidence of diseases. Mama’s milk gives a pup with right nutrition & antibodies to turn into a healthy dog. When your pup is about 3 to 4 weeks, consider giving him or her solid foods gradually. Consider mixing 3 parts of food with 1 part of water. This makes it easier for your puppy to digest the food. If your pup starts eating solid foods prior leaving its mom, it will find it easy to adjust in your home.

6 – 8 Weeks

When your pup is 6 to 8 weeks old, feed 3 to 4 times per day. Every puppy is different and so are his or her nutritional requirements. Hence, it is important to pick a pup food, which sustains appropriate nutritional balance. Make sure that it is getting the correct proportion of proteins, calories and calcium. Don’t forget to see the label of the pup food you buy. This will help you feed him or her right. A specific meat must be the primary ingredient in the label.
After 8-weeks At this stage, you need to feed your pup 2 times a day

3 – 6 Months

This is exactly the time when a pup will be teething. It might turn into a picky eater or may lose its appetite. As a pet owner, it is important that you keep feeding your dog with nutritious foods 2 times a day. Take him to a vet, if he or she has upset stomach for over 1 to 2 days.

6 Months – 8 Months

At this stage, a puppy might look grown up, however, it is a pup still. Hence, you require feeding him with nutritious foods. Note that in some high quality pet foods the brand doesn’t make any separate food for pups. Instead, it is made in a way to serve both adult and puppy equally.
8 Months – 9 Months At this stage, you should be feeding 2 times a day.
1 Year Majority of breeds at this stage require being fed two times a day.


Does Size Actually Affect The Way You Feed Your Dog?

Yes, only with feeding puppies. They are supposed to eat 4 times in a day. Talking more about them, feed with your own hand. Soon, it begins to identify you as its food provider. This also increases the bond between you two. It is intimate & lets you both know better about each other. This also prevents future development issues like aggression and food possessiveness.

Is It Completely Okay To Keep Food in a Bowl & Leave It For Your Dog?

No, it is not. Leaving food this way for your dog calls for “free feeding”. Often experts do not suggest this for different reasons. This is particularly true when it is a puppy. It is recommend to feed your puppy on a scheduled meal time. This means feeding on the same time and for same duration every day. Leave the food & take it back after 20 minutes (whether it has eaten or not). A proper meal schedule trains a dog when it is time to actually eat.

Portions Vary For Every Pooch

For Puppies: Though it might sound counter-intuitive but as a rule, bigger dog breeds need less food than smaller ones. The food needs of individual dogs differ based on their health, activity level & age. A puppy is usually introduced to some solid foods when it is 3 to 4 weeks old. It is entirely weaned from mama’s milk by 8 weeks. Young puppies on the other hand have to be fed 3 times per day. By the time, a puppy is 5 or 6 months, his or her feeding schedule is reduced to two times a day. And if you own a very finicky puppy, consider adding warm water into its dry food and encourage him or her to eat. Cow’s milk acts as laxative & can cause digestive issues on puppies as well as adult dogs. If your pup doesn’t eat all the food within 1 hour, throw away the uneaten part. If your pup seems to be putting on excess weight, reduce its food intake gradually but if its ribs are showing up, increase the food portions. Talk to a vet for more guidance.

For Adults: A dog, when it’s a year old, it means that he or she has reached complete maturity. This is exactly when it enters into “maintenance period”, meaning his or her nutritional needs will stay the same even during its adult life. Your dog’s overall weight must remain stable & its body must be well-proportioned. If your dog doesn’t shows any desire to eat its food, then it’s a sign that your dog is suffering from pain or some sort of illness. So, monitor the way he behaves and eats carefully. And since it’s your dog, who else knows him better? So, if you find anything suspicious, never hesitate to take him to a vet.


A puppy might drink large amounts of water. A cat or a dog can lose almost all of its body fat & half of its protein mass (muscle) & still survive. However, if it loses 15% of body water, it will die. Water is one of the most important nutrients of all. A dog (of any age), which eats dry foods, water is required to dehydrate its stomach for digestion. On the other hand, a puppy will need lots of water for each pound than adult dogs for the reason that they’re growing. It is ok to schedule as to when your pup drinks but on an everyday basis, you should allow him to drink what it wants & needs.

Titanic Orphans: A Tale Of Survival

It was the shipwreck that some say was an expensive bargain where 1,500 souls paid with their lives on the fateful night of April 15, 1912. However, the story of two orphans surfaced refusing to go down the cold Atlantic where the remaining victims met their grave. The story captivated the Western media with questions aplenty on how the young French boys apparently from the same mother ended on the ill-fated ship. They were among the 710 rescued who made it across the Atlantic and arrived in New York shortly after the tragedy struck. The young boys aged 2 and 4 were known to be the only children rescued without a parent or guardian. Little was known about where they came from or who their parents were, as the passenger list was an utter chaos and undecipherable. The boys just answered “oui” to the questions they were asked because, they only spoke French. See below the iconic photo that says it all, “Louis & Lola?”

Titanic Orphans: A Tale Of Survival

How did the names surface? It was a certain supposition given to the authorities by the young boys. Sooner, all that sparse information led to some revelation about the story. So, it goes something like this… The man who handed the kids to the last rescue craft was none other than their father.

Soon, the media dubbed the boys as “Titanic Twins”. Although, their identity was initially unknown until the story reached France and a woman from Nice, France came forward to claim the boys. She maintained a claim on the boys after coming across a news article and saying that the boys resembled her own.

The authorities identified the claimant mother as Marcelle Caretto. She had described the kids in detail after yielding questions that only her sons could answer. After ascertaining the legitimacy of relationship, Marcel reunited with her sons Michel and Edmond in the United States.

So that still left a question unanswered, how the young French boys ended in Titanic? Here is the answer – The father of the children identified as Michel Navratil estranged from his wife had kidnaped the boys and attempted fleeing to the United States to start a fresh lease of life. Unfortunately, his choice of getaway ship was the ill-fated Titanic.

His plan foiled after the ship struck an iceberg in the middle of frigid Atlantic, and he was among the 1,500 who met a watery grave.

Navratil gave himself a nom de guerre, Louis B. Hoffman and called his sons with aliases “Lolo and Momon”. The story became more twisted as he was found to be the only deceased victim of the shipwreck to have been carrying a loaded pocket firearm.

After the incident, when the French boys had reached New York, they were fostered by Margaret Hays. She was among the few who survived the ordeal. Soon, after a month had come to pass, the children were reunited with their real mother, Marcelle, who traveled across the Atlantic for her sons.

As for the fate of the rescued boys, Michel went on to attend college and earned a doctorate to become a professor of Philosophy. His younger sibling Edmond died after fighting for the French Army in the WWII at the age of 43.

Michel was among the last male survivors of RMS Titanic and died on January 20, 2001, at a grand old age of 93.

The story of the young brothers who survived the ordeal was one of a kind that moved the world with their survival of tragedy and reunion. Their unique tale will continue to echo in the years to come and will remain a special chapter from history.



Meet The World’s 5 Biggest Spiders To Scare The Shit Out Of You

Spiders are the one creature that can be found all over the world. Moreover, these spiders are available in all the sizes. Apart from living in the natural habitats, numerous pet lovers love to keep these spiders as their pets. But have you ever given a thought as what is the biggest spider in the world? If not, meet the world’s 5 biggest spiders to scare the shit out of you. Just read on and if you are also a pet lover, you may love to have these spiders in your pet collection.

5 Of The Biggest Spiders In The World

1. The Goliath Bird-Eating Tarantula

The Goliath Bird-Eating Tarantula

Credit: trantulaguide.com

Yes, I know, you might definitely be wondering why we have added the ‘Bird-Eating’ in the title. So, to answer your question, we would like to tell you that YES, this spider does eat birds and is large enough that can catch the birds easily. You will be amazed to know that The Goliath can easily reach up to 1 foot in body length. Moreover, it has fangs that can reach up to 1-inch in length. All the Goliath has very small and tiny hairs on their bodies. These small hairs, Goliath uses to shoot on whoever or whatever is trying to threaten them. However, there is a good news. It is that there is no effect of Goliath’s bite on human beings, unless you are not allergic to spiders. If, in case, the Goliath bites you, you can experience severe pain at the place of bite, and sometimes extreme sweating and even nausea.

The Bird-Eating Goliath primarily lives in the habitats that get excessive rains. So, the home of these bird-eating Goliath tarantulas is the rainforests of South America, but there are several spider-lovers around the world, who love to keep these bird-eating Goliath tarantula as their pets. One amazing fact about these bird-eating Goliath Tarantulas is that they make a frightening sound by rubbing their legs together. Moreover, this sound you can hear even from the distance of 15 feet. The name these Bird-Eating Goliath Tarantulas has been registered into the Guinness Book of World Records for being the largest spider in the world in the year 1965.

2. The Huntsman Spider

The Huntsman Spider

The second in the list of largest spider is the Huntsman Spider. It is so big that its body length can reach up to 1 foot long, and the leg span can be up to 6 inches long. Primarily, the Huntsman Spider is the native of Asia, but you can also find them in some of the subtropical areas of California, Texas, and Florida.

There is a strange story, how these huntsman spider reached to American land. Long back, by hitching a ride on bananas and banana leaves, they reached to the U.S. and hence, from then, these Huntsman spiders are also called as Banana spiders. Therefore, do watch out while you eat any imported banana next time. The other amazing factor or you may say the creepiest factor about the Huntsman is that they are very fast, and they are able to walk sideways. Moreover, they can easily scurry up in even extreme smooth surfaces, which include window glasses without any problem.

3. Brazilian Salmon Pink Birdeater

Brazilian Salmon Pink BirdeaterCredit: exoticpets.cebuonlinejob

The third in the list is yet another bird eater. However, this is not as big as the Goliath one, and despite being named as bird eater, the Brazilian Salmon Pink Bird eater does not eat birds at all. Instead, it feasts on small creatures, for example, frogs, mice, insects, mice and many more. The primary habitat of this Brazilian Salmon Pink bird eater is the rainforest, and their leg span may extend up to 10 inches long. The color of the Brazilian Salmon Pink Bird Eater is brown along with the pink salmon hairs. It uses these hairs to shoot at the prey so that it can be disabled and can be eaten without any problem. Once the prey is disabled, the Brazilian salmon pink bird eater pounces on the prey and spiting the digestive juices on it. In this way, the Brazilian salmon pink bird eater pre-digests the victim, and once it is done, it sucks it up completely.

4. Poecilotheria Rajaei

Poecilotheria Rajaei

I understand that you can feel the name a bit weird. But the Poecilotheria Rajaei is one of the newest species of spiders that have been found recently. The discovery of this spider is done in the forests of Sri Lanka in the year 2009. If we talk about the body size, the Poecilotheria Rajaei has a leg span of about 8 inches. Moreover, it has a pinkish-gray band all over its abdomen. One of the unique things about these spiders is that they love to reside on the trees that are already fallen, and apart from this, their major habitats include rocks and INSIDE PEOPLE’S HOMES. So, beware and keep on checking for THE POECILOTHERIA RAJAEI inside your home. All the Sri Lankans, please keep an eye inside your home and all the people who are planning their next vacation to Sri Lanka, I think you would like to change your destination.

5. Brazilian Giant Tawny Red Tarantula

Brazilian Giant Tawny Red TarantulaCredit: askalist

Named as Brazilian Giant Tawny Red Tarantula, it is also the native of some other countries, which include Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is one of the biggest spiders alive today in this world. You may find it amazing that they can have the leg span of up to 10.2 inches. No matter where their primary habitat is, because of the pet lovers around the world, there is always a threat of these spiders. Thousands of pet lovers love to have this spider in their home or collections, and hence, there are times when these spiders can move out and can be dangerous to humans.

So, these were some of the best and biggest spiders that are present and can be found all over the world. Always be careful with the spiders, because there are chances that the bite from spider can be dangerous for you, not always but sometimes.

How Do Dolphins Communicate?

Dolphins are brilliant mammals that are capable of complex emotions. They have proved their proficiency to communicate, coordinate and interact with other species. They maintain a complex social network with associates, relatives and also casual relationships with other dolphins that are associated with the larger group. Dolphins find food by hunting together.  They work in teams to herd the prey and then swim into the school of fish to chomp the meal. It is still not completely understood how dolphins communicate and coordinate despite intense research on the discussion.

How Do Dolphins Communicate?

In case you didn’t know, sound travels faster through water than through air. Dolphins rely on the sound to communicate with their peers. All the bottlenose dolphins have a unique high pitched whistle. It is also called as the signature whistle (Tyack, 2000). It is used to identify the details such as names. Using the whistle, it is capable of letting the other members of the pod be aware of each other’s position. It also helps communicate their mental state.

When a dolphin is in a state of distress, it will emit a high pitch whistle. The whistle is meant to establish physical or vocal contact with the nearest member of the pod. The responder will often mimic the whistle or move towards the direction of the Whistler.

When a calf and its mother is separated, they use the whistle until they are reunited. The whistling is also evident when they are separated from the pod.

Since, it is common for a dolphin pod the whistle at once; Dolphins will not immediately rush to the source of whistle upon hearing the signature call.  But in any case, the Dolphins may whistle to keep track of each other’s position.

While foraging for prey, the bottlenose dolphins may whistle. Research points out that the Dolphins are likely to whistle at a greater frequency upon finding a school of prey. When the calls increase, it attracts more members to partake in the rounding of prey. It also benefits more dolphin members to snack on the fish.  The whistling behavior is also to attract more members so that it establishes the sense of security among the pod from sharks and other larger predators that have interest in the same prey being rounded up by the Dolphins.

Dolphins are capable of mimicking the sounds of other dolphins and can recreate identical whistle.

However, when dolphins are part of a larger group, they whistle to get the attention from the dolphin pod. Despite the research pointing out this fact, it is unclear about the exact reasons for imitating the sounds.

Dolphins are known to use other sounds to communicate with their members. They give pulsed sounds during the courtship period. But, if a dolphin is in a state of aggression, it emits a click-train buzzing.

Despite the Dolphins having keen eyesight above and below the water, they do not rely on the visual communication. Sometimes the silt and floating particles affect their visual efficiency over larger distances. There are questions aplenty with regards to one of the brainiest mammals on earth. The body language and the gestures are still under study waiting to be deciphered to understand the species.

Below are some of the common dolphin behaviors observed from the Dolphin Research Center. These signals are reckoned as visual communication.

Play dead: It rolls over yielding in the vicinity of another dolphin.

Flex: It bends the head and tail outwards

Headwag: Quick side to side jerking of the head.

Arching: It bends the head and the tail inwards.

Eye whites display: Rolls their eyes from a neutral position and exposes the whites of their eye.

Snit: Steep head-jerking from one side to another while the jaws can be closed or open. It may also be accompanied by squealing. But, sometimes it may also be a display of aggression or agitation.

Dolphins also communicate by touching the members of their pod. It is normal for the calves to swim beside their mother making body contact with the pectoral fins or their flanks. It helps build the bond and promotes the social tendency among the pod members. They can also engage in a rough body contact while establishing the dominance or during courtship.

Dolphins use their teeth to make parallel scratches on each other’s skin. It is hard to ascertain their exact relevance in the dolphin community. Here are some signs that dolphins indicated while being studied at the Dolphin Research Center.

Butt: pounding with snout.

Rub: Rubbing each other’s body with friction.

Hold hands: bringing the pectoral fins together.

Bite: Gently gripping the body part another animal with the mouth

Mouth: tapping other animals with mouth open.

Pectoral Pat: tapping with the pectoral fin.

Push: poking another with the head

Ram: Head butting another dolphin with force applied.

Nuzzle: Gently brushing with another with the mouth shut

Standing on chest: Lifting another Dolphin out of the water, while the dolphin lifting will remain inverted. The recipient is placed between the flippers. This behavior is usually seen between mother and her calf.

Tail kick: slapping with the tail.

Tooth Rake: gently placing the grip on the body of another animal with the teeth. It could also indicate aggression or agitation.

For years, dolphin researchers have looked hard into the behavior of dolphins trying to unknot their intricate communication system. It seemed that their communication system is structured in the manner the humans do. Albeit, some dolphins have learned to understand efficiently the hand gestures and computer generated whistles, we are still short of an accurate answer to predict the meaning of their behavior.

Dolphins have evolved gracefully in the complex system, and their learning ability is evident from the behavior and response to the commands of animal trainers. They are graceful creatures that have mastered the art of communicating and interacting not just with their species but also with humans and other animals as well. These animals are capable of detecting a stressful situation and have rescued humans and other animals from distress.  Hence,   it remarkable how the Dolphins had acquired the ability to understand and respond appropriately to situations.

What Can You Give A Dog For Pain?

There is nothing more hurting than to see your dog in pain. Infection, illness, depression and injuries are some of the common reasons behind it which often makes a pet owner to ask – what can you give a dog for pain. A dog doesn’t completely understands what it is going through unless it experiences some sort of pain. No matter what the reason is, it is distressing to see this and you would soon want to see your pet happy and sound again. Here is what you should know.

What Can You Give Dogs For Pain?

What Can You Give A Dog For Pain

When a dog suffers pain, it can be a very scaring scenario. It can often make dogs to go aggressive. At such an emergency, you will often need to a quick tip to make your dog overcome its pain. And there can nothing be better than few over-the-counter medications. Though most of which we use aren’t intended for canines but still there are some, which are reported to be safe for dogs and can potentially lessen the pain they go through. So, any day if you see your dog in pain and don’t have much time to take it to a vet, you can consider the below options.

  1. Pepto-Bismol

Pepto-Bismol (regular strength) could be given for different intestinal issues like upset stomach, diarrhea, gas and vomiting. The dosage should not exceed 0.5ml to 1ml for every pound (1-teaspoon per 20-lbs). It can be given at every 6 to 8 hours. However, this isn’t advised for nursing or pregnant dogs or the ones that have bleeding disorders. On the other hand, it is highly toxic to a cat.

  1. Aspirin

Since the topic is about, what can I give my dog for pain, aspirin cannot be missed. If given in right proportion to your pet, it is safe and heals its pain in no time. It is also well known to lessen swelling, inflammation and fever in dogs. To simply put, aspirin can be used on a short-term basis for treating minor aches & pains. Neverthess. You got to be very cautious regarding the dosage. It should be between 5-mg & 10-mg for every pound of your dog’s weight. You can give it two times a day but not more than this. And anything over 30-mg for every lb — it is toxic. Especially, if you are giving aspirin to a puppy, pay more attention on the dose because its kidneys and liver are still immature to metabolize a medication like aspirin.

  1. Hydrogen Peroxide 3%

Suppose, you suspect that your dog has ingested something dangerous, contact your vet right away. He or she might suggest you to make use of hydrogen peroxide in order to make your dog vomit. Give 0.5 or 1-teaspoon of it for every 10 pounds of your dog’s weight. Use an eyedropper or syringe for best results. Allow it to take an affect. This usually takes about 15 – 20 minutes but don’t exceed 3 doses. Never induce vomiting in case your pet has ingested any sharp object, acid, cleaning product or petroleum ointment.

  1. Tylenol

So, what can you give a dog for pain apart from the above? Though Tylenol is often said to work for dog’s pain, but as far as I have researched about it experts do not recommend this for some reasons. In fact, it is claimed to be very toxic at times. Even giving in low doses can trigger serious issues in your dog. I am writing this to only make you aware so that you don’t end up killing your own dog. It is highly advised to check with a vet before deciding to give Tylenol for your dog. If your veterinarian gives that ‘go ahead’ sign, still be very careful with the dosage. Normal Tylenol dosage for dogs is 5-mg for every pound and shouldn’t be given more than 3 times in a day (once in every 8 hours). Harmful side effects of Tylenol in dogs is said to be often with its kidney and liver. It damages extremely. Better to avoid the risk!

  1. Benadryl

If your dog suffers pain out of any allergic reaction. Say for example, itchiness and swelling, then consider giving Benadryl. Typical dosage for your dog is suggested to be 1-mg for every 25-lbs. And give only twice in a day. Benadryl tablet comes in 25-mg tablet and if your dog weighs 25-lbs, 1 tablet is sufficient to overcome his pain.

  1. Imodium

Anti-diarrheal drugs, which contain Ioperamide like Imodium could be given to dogs, especially if it suffers inflammatory bowel diseases or diarrhea. Standard Imodium tablets are usually of 2-mg and if your dog is more than 20-lbs, then you can consider giving 1-mg for every pound. On the other hand, if your dog is under 20-lbs, make sure to give in liquid form. Let me also clear you that herding breeds could have adverse reactions too. Therefore, it is highly advised to never give this pill to Collies, Australian Shepherds, McNabs, Long-haired whippets & silken windhounds.

  1. Mineral Oil

Using mineral oil to treat constipations is considered 100% safe for both humans and canines. However, it is still better to be careful with dosage, especially when you are giving it to your dog. If your dog has mild constipation, consider giving 1-teaspoon for every 10-lbs of weight. And make sure to give it with food & is never directly into its mouth. Use only on short-term basis because it can easily interfere with your dog’s mineral absorption.

  1. Pedialyte

If you still want to know what else can you give your dog for pain, then read this. If your pet is been vomiting or is suffering from diarrhea, then chances are that he or she is dehydrated. At such times, pedialyte could be of great help. Since it is an oral electrolyte solution, it can replace essential minerals & fluids. Just mix the solution in equal proportions of water. Also note that this medication is only for dogs and not cats. On the other hand, if your dog is young, probably under 20-lbs, lactating or pregnant, consult your vet before giving.

Super-Permeable Concrete Drains 4000 Liters of Water in 60 Seconds

Water logging is a major issue in most parts of the world when you have no means to drain the excess water; it can leave home and streets flooding with water. However, all that may be the thing of the past because topmix Permeable has just the right solution to prevent water from remaining stagnant on the surface. The company has created a super concrete that has a [permeability rate of 36,000 mm/hour. If that doesn’t amaze you, nothing will. It helps to drain the water rapidly from the surfaces such as parking surface, streets, walkways and driveways when it rains heavily. The company claims their invention is so robust; one has to see their video believe it.

However, some of the frequently asked questions about their product is the utility of the concrete in the frigid temperatures. Also, many web users were curious what would happen if the dirt blocks the permeability of the concrete in due time and the susceptibility of the material to collapsing and opening into a sink hole.

Here is the company’s response.

Will The Pavement Not Crack At Frigid Temperature?

The concrete offers structural stability at varying temperature despite offering ideal permeability. The product was designing bearing in mind the contributing factors such as the permeability to allow idea draining on the event of a storm

The company assured the curious askers that the water wouldn’t sit within the permeable substance and would rather drain below as the storage layer will have an aggregate of 30-40%. Hence, if the water froze within the layer, it wouldn’t compromise the draining potential significantly.

Wouldn’t The Pavement Be Blocked Over Time Due To Dirt And Remain Unusable?

Topmix claims with an average permeability of 36,000mm/hour; it would take an impractical amount of dirt at any point in time to cause failure in the system’s functioning. As the average practical permeability needed is 300mm/hour to deal with a 100-year-old storm despite the fact that permeability could vary depending on local climate conditions. Topmix claims even if there is 95% block, the area will still allow a considerable amount of water.

What About Risks Of Sinkholes?

Sinkholes are caused when the rock beneath gives way due to the acidic water and are a caused by Karst process. Hence, the company assured there won’t be such risks considering the fact that SuDS design is implemented, and a ground investigation is conducted prior to paving or application of concrete.


Interesting Facts About Italy You Haven’t Heard Of

The word, “Italian”, itself sounds so classy. So are the country and its culture. Probably, you are also fascinated by Italy, just like me. Hence, you have landed on this page. I am going to take you on a virtual tour of Italy through this article and will let you know some interesting facts about Italy. Be it cuisine, art or culture, Italy has always left a remarkable impression on its visitors. A tour to Italy is all you need, if you are looking out for a historical and relaxing holiday.

Interesting Facts About Italy

Interesting Facts About Italy

Land, People and Geography:

  • The word “Italy” originated from “Italos” which literally means calf. This name was given by the Greeks.
  • Italy is listed fourth in the list of highest number of visitors, every year.
  • Italy was recognized as the best country for family and peer relationships, by the UNESCO, in 2007.
  • The Vatican and San Marino are the two smallest countries in the world, which are surrounded by Italy.
  • The Vesuvius, the Stromboli and the Etna are three active volcanoes located in Italy. Also to be noted, these three are the only active volcanoes of the entire Europe.
  • Po is the longest river in Italy.
  • Italy shares its borders with Switzerland, Slovenia, San Marino, Vatican City, France and Austria.
  • Rome is the capital of Italy.
  • Italy has a Unitary Parliamentary Republic government.
  • Italy is surrounded by Mediterranean Sea from 3 sides.
  • Official language of Italy is Italian, but there are other minor languages, too.
  • In 2002, Italy changed its currency from Lira to Euro.
  • Most of the population in Italy consists of Roman Catholics.
  • Italy has 15 main regions and 5 autonomous regions.

History & Monuments:

  • Italy was the root of Roman civilization, which was the first and the biggest empire in Europe.
  • Napoleon conquered the Republic of Venice, in 1797. This was the longest lasting civilization, till date.
  • The first ever bank in Europe was in Genoa, Italy. It was established in 12th
  • Northern Italy was the starting place for European Renaissance.
  • Peter’s Basilica, which is the biggest Christian edifice, is in Rome. It took 120 years for its construction.
  • University of Bologna is the oldest university of Europe.
  • Rome had the largest building for entertainment, The Colosseum, in ancient times.
  • The color Magenta derived its name from a battle between Napoleon III and Austrians. The battle was called the Battle of Magenta.
  • The Leaning Tower of Pisa was constructed in Italy, in the year 1173.

Inventions and Achievements:

  • Italy was the cradle to many of the most famous artists of the world like Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli, Donatello, Michelangelo, Tintoretto, Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio, Fra Angelico, Bernini and many more.
  • Italians have created many delicious varieties of cheese like Parmesan, Mozzarella, Ricotta, Provolone, Gorgonzola etc.
  • Pasta and Spaghetti are the inventions of Italy, on which the present world munches, happily.
  • Pizza has its origins in the Naples region of Italy.
  • Calzone and Lasagna were also invented in Italy.
  • Ice-cream and Gelato, too, are a gift to the world, from Italy.
  • Italians also invented some of the best musical instruments like violin, piano, cello and viol.
  • Language and many notations used in music are Italian.
  • Telephone, the thermometer, the barometer, the mechanical clock and the optical glasses were invented in Italy.
  • Some of the most prestigious cars in the world are invented in Italy.
  • Italy invented the Eau de Cologne.
  • Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci and John Cabot are the legendary explorers who were from Italy.
  • The famous scientist, Allesandro Volta, was from Italy. He has done great research in electricity. Hence, the unit for electricity is named after him as “Volt”.
  • Galileo Galilei was also born in Italy.
  • Venice is such a city which has a marvelous construction by combining many islands and water channels.


  • Family values are a very important part of Italian culture.
  • In Italy, people stay in either nuclear families or extended families.
  • The dressing style is given much importance in Italian social structure. It reflects a person’s education level and family background.
  • Many children in Italy are named after some Catholic Saints.
  • Many buildings have some religious symbols or statues, in Italy.
  • Greeting people in Italy is a very formal affair.
  • You cannot give chrysanthemums as gifts to an Italian because they are used at funerals.
  • Moreover, you cannot wrap your gift with black colored wraps, as black indicates mourning. Purple gift wraps are not welcomed, too. Purple indicates bad luck.
  • In Italy, table manners are very important thing to follow.
  • In a party, you should not be seated till someone invites you to.
  • The host sits at the table first and raises the toast first.
  • While eating, you cannot rest your elbows on the table and cannot rest your hands in your lap, either.
  • Picking up the piece of cheese in your plate is more acceptable.
  • Divorced fathers have to provide child support, even if the children are adults of 30 years or so.


  • Different regions have different types of food in Italy.
  • Central Italy can serve you with the best dishes that include cheese, olive oil, beef, pasta, wild boar, cured meats etc.
  • Coastal regions are famous for their sea-food.
  • In South Italy, you will find more dishes with citrus fruits, olive oil and tomato sauce.
  • North Italy does not use tomato sauce and olive oil, so frequently, compared to other regions of Italy. Sauces with cream flavors are used more. Rice is preferred over pasta. Risotto dishes are very popular here.
  • Italians love a variety of cakes in their desserts.
  • Espresso Coffee is a very important part of Italian cuisine.
  • Italian cuisine also includes a wide variety of wines.

The fun facts about Italy do not end here. There are still lots of information about Italy, which I would have loved to share. But for now, I hope this much will suffice. So make plans, book tickets and pack up your bags to take a wonderful tour to Italy. If not now, work hard and make it a goal to visit Italy. I am sure you will have the best time of your life in Italy. Buon Viaggio!!!

What Is The Most Venomous Snake In The World?

There are numerous types of snakes in the world. Snakes are found almost everywhere on the earth. Some are poisonous while some are not. Now, you must be wondering, What is the most venomous snake in the world? – Well, we have come up with this article to end your quest and enlighten you about the most venomous snake in the world. Read further to know in detail.

The deadliest snake in the world is Inland Taipan. Its scientific name is Oxyuranus microlepidotus. It is also called Western Taipan.

Classification Of Inland Taipan

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Subphylum: Vertebrata
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Order: Squamata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Family: Elapidae
  • Suborder: Serpentes
  • Species: O.microlepidotus
  • Genus: Oxyuranus

Where Is Inland Taipan Found?

Inland Taipan or the Western Taipan is found in semi-arid areas of the central-east regions of Australia.

what is the most venomous snake in the world
Image Courtesy:cravingotters.deviantart.com

What Is The Toxicity Of Its Venom?

It has been recorded that a single bite of Inland Taipan can yield up to 110 mg of venom. This quantity is sufficient to kill about 100 human beings and about 250,000 mice. The venom has the potential to kill an adult human within 45 minutes. The venom has an LD/50 of 0.03mg/kg. Hence, it can be referred as 50 times more venomous than the common Cobra and 10 times more than the Mojave Rattlesnake. The venom of Inland Taipan is made up of the substance called Taipoxin. It is a mixture of toxins like procoagulants, neurotoxins and myotoxins, which restrict breathing, paralyze the body muscles, damage the muscles and cause hemmorhage in tissues and blood vessels. Fortunately, Inland Taipan is not a very active reptile. Also, its encounters with humans are very rare. So it does not contribute to the most number of human deaths per year due to snake bite.

How Does Inland Taipan Look?

The color of Inland Taipan ranges from deep hue to brownish light green. Its color also depends on the seasons. The snout is rounded. The head and neck of Taipan are darker than the rest of its body. In winter, the body color changes to almost black, so that it can heat itself by exposing just a little part of its body at the burrow. The dorsal scales on its body are without kneels and are smooth. The eyes are average in size. The iris of its eye is blackish brown in color and has a negligent rim around the pupil. The approximate length of Inland Taipan is 1.8 metres. It has been recorded that the length of this snake can grow up to 2.5 metres.

What Is The Diet Of Inland Taipan?

Inland Taipan mostly feeds on rats and birds. Like other snakes, it does not wait for its prey to die. Instead, it attacks with about 8 bites at a time to kill its prey.

However, Taipan can become prey for King Brown Snake and Monitor Lizard. These animals are immune to most venomous snakes. Having read about the Inland Taipan, you may also like to know about other poisonous snakes in the world. We have presented a list of such snakes too.

Other Venomous Snakes

  1. Rattlesnake

most venomous snake in the world
Image Courtesy: gfp.sd.gov
  • It is one of the few poisonous snakes of America.
  • The peculiarity of a rattlesnake is that it has a rattle at the end of its tail.
  • It is from the Pit Viper family.
  • The venom of rattlesnakes consists of hemotoxin, which destroys tissues, degenerates organs and causes coagulopathy.
  1. Vipers

what is the most poisonous snake in the world
Image Courtesy: snakesinthisworld.blogspot.com
  • Vipers can be found almost everywhere in the world, but the most poisonous ones are found in Central Asia and Middle East. These vipers are Chain Viper and Saw Scaled Viper.
  • After being bitten by a viper, a person may have pain and swelling at the spot of bite, bleeding from the gums, vomiting, swelling of the face, severe drop in heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Death from the viper’s bite can occur within 1-14 days or more.
  1. Death Adder

the most venomous snake in the world
Image Courtesy: www.gondwanareptileproductions.com
  • Death Adder has its home in New Guinea and Australia.
  • It looks like a viper, but its head is triangular.
  • Death may occur within 6 hours of its bite.
  • Death Adder has the quickest strike in the world.
  1. Tiger Snake

the most poisonous snake in the world
Image Courtesy: www.gondwanareptileproductions.com
  • Like many other venomous snakes, Tiger Snake too is a native of Australia.
  • Death from Tiger Snake’s bite can occur from 30 minutes to 24 hours.
  • It is very aggressive and its accuracy of attack is unerring.
  1. Philippine Cobra


  • poisonous snakes in the world
    Image Courtesy: www.theamazingstation.com

    Philippine Cobra is the most venomous out of all the cobras known till date.

  • It can throw up its venom up to 3 metres of distance.
  • A person bitten by Philippine Cobra may die within 30 minutes if not treated on time.
  • The neurotoxins in its venom inhibit nerve signal transmissions.
  1. Black Mamba

the most venomous snake in the globe
Image Courtesy:animals.nationalgeographic.com
  • Black Mamba is found throughout Africa.
  • It is very aggressive and can strike very precisely.
  • It is the fastest snake on land with a speed up to 20 km/hr.
  • It can strike up to 12 times in a series and about 10-25 adult humans can be killed from a single bite.
  • The death can occur within 15 minutes to 3 hours.
  • Without any treatment, there are 100% chances of a victim’s death.
  1. Blue Krait

most venomous snake in the globe
Image Courtesy: www.wild-facts.com
  • Blue Krait is found in Indonesia and throughout South East Asia.
  • It is also called the Malayan snake.
  • It mostly lives in hidden places but becomes very aggressive during darkness.
  • It is 16 times more poisonous than a common Cobra.
  • Even if treatment is given, survival from its bite has lesser possibilities.
  • The death of a person occurs from 6 to 12 hours of its bite.
  1. Eastern Brown Snake

most venomous reptile in the world
Image Courtesy: www.rarewallpapers.com
  • Eastern Black Snake is found in Australia. It lives in populous areas.
  • It is very aggressive.
  • It can bite a person several times if he/she seems a threat to it.
  1. Belcher’s Sea Snake

very poisonous snake in the world
Image Courtesy: www.conservationinstitute.org
  • It is very passive most of the times.
  • A few milligram of its venom can kill thousands of human beings.
  • Most of the sea snakes are harmless.

So this was all about the most venomous snakes in the world. If you have any query or suggestion, feel free to drop it in the comment box given below.