21 Interesting Facts About Polar Bears

Polar bears are some of the fascinating animals whose numbers are dwindling, thanks to the global warming that has resulted in the catastrophic loss of habitat and hunting by humans. The bear species is staring at the face of extinction and will soon be fade into history if the efforts are not taken to save last of species. In this article, you will learn some Interesting Facts About Polar Bears.

  1. Polar Bears build their dens from old snow that had fallen in the previous year rather than using the fresh snow.
  2. The weight of the adult female polar bear is roughly 500 to 600 pounds (227 to 272 kilogram).
  3. The weight of the polar bear cub is a little over a pound at birth.
  4. The only other predator of the polar bears is humans, who hunt the bears for sport, meat and fur. The excessive hunting has almost driven the species to extinction.
  5. A polar bear’s fur isn’t white. It is opaque as each strand is hollow. The fur has the potential to reflect light. The hollow fur also helps trap the heat and keeps the bear warm in frigid conditions.
  6. A polar bear’s primary source of a meal is the seal. They are efficient hunters when they are in pursuit of a seal.
  7. Often, it’s the pollutants from the humans that have resulted in the devastation of the species.
  8. The mating season for the Bears begin in the month of March and continues till July. The development of the fertilized egg will not begin until September.
  9. Polar bears have disciplinarian parents. When the mother is out hunting a meal, the Cubs are to remain in the enclosure for safety. The mother bear will coach the Cubs to remain frozen till she returns. If the Cubs move at will, it will be disciplined by the mother who whacks the cub’s head.
  10. The polar bears have rough paw pads to prevent them from slipping on the ice.
  11. A polar bear’s fur is water repellant and oily. It helps them dry quickly after a swim through frigid waters of the Antarctica.
  12. Do not get taken by the cuddly looks of the Polar bear. She is a strong, ruthless killer capable of devouring a beefy prey with a single blow of her paws.
  13. Unlike the common notion that bears hibernate, polar bears are an exception. The female bear will remain huddled in the den with her young. Not with an intent to hibernate, but to escape the extreme weather.
  14. A polar bear is a smart animal. Sometimes, the mother bear builds not only a single room den but also a makes a partition with ventilation on the roof.
  15. The polar bears do not start mating until they are 4-5 years old. It is the period when they are mature.
  16. Did you know that polar bears are finest swimmers? They swim using their front paws to generate forward propulsion, and the chunky hind legs are used for steering.
  17. A polar bear conserves the heat by curling up and covering their muzzle (nose) using their paws. It’ll help the bear conserve the heat.
  18. It is easy to assume that the bear will catch a chill in the cold temperature of Antarctica. But, the bear overheats under her excessive fat.
  19. The adult bear can grow up to 10 feet tall and can weigh as much as 1400 pounds.
  20. Polar bears do go visiting places such as the town of Churchill, Manitoba in Canada.
  21. Polar bears are apex swimmers capable of swimming distances of 100 miles (161 kilometers) at a stretch. They can also swim with a top speed of 6 miles an hour.

 

How Do Dolphins Communicate?

Dolphins are brilliant mammals that are capable of complex emotions. They have proved their proficiency to communicate, coordinate and interact with other species. They maintain a complex social network with associates, relatives and also casual relationships with other dolphins that are associated with the larger group. Dolphins find food by hunting together.  They work in teams to herd the prey and then swim into the school of fish to chomp the meal. It is still not completely understood how dolphins communicate and coordinate despite intense research on the discussion.

How Do Dolphins Communicate?

In case you didn’t know, sound travels faster through water than through air. Dolphins rely on the sound to communicate with their peers. All the bottlenose dolphins have a unique high pitched whistle. It is also called as the signature whistle (Tyack, 2000). It is used to identify the details such as names. Using the whistle, it is capable of letting the other members of the pod be aware of each other’s position. It also helps communicate their mental state.

When a dolphin is in a state of distress, it will emit a high pitch whistle. The whistle is meant to establish physical or vocal contact with the nearest member of the pod. The responder will often mimic the whistle or move towards the direction of the Whistler.

When a calf and its mother is separated, they use the whistle until they are reunited. The whistling is also evident when they are separated from the pod.

Since, it is common for a dolphin pod the whistle at once; Dolphins will not immediately rush to the source of whistle upon hearing the signature call.  But in any case, the Dolphins may whistle to keep track of each other’s position.

While foraging for prey, the bottlenose dolphins may whistle. Research points out that the Dolphins are likely to whistle at a greater frequency upon finding a school of prey. When the calls increase, it attracts more members to partake in the rounding of prey. It also benefits more dolphin members to snack on the fish.  The whistling behavior is also to attract more members so that it establishes the sense of security among the pod from sharks and other larger predators that have interest in the same prey being rounded up by the Dolphins.

Dolphins are capable of mimicking the sounds of other dolphins and can recreate identical whistle.

However, when dolphins are part of a larger group, they whistle to get the attention from the dolphin pod. Despite the research pointing out this fact, it is unclear about the exact reasons for imitating the sounds.

Dolphins are known to use other sounds to communicate with their members. They give pulsed sounds during the courtship period. But, if a dolphin is in a state of aggression, it emits a click-train buzzing.

Despite the Dolphins having keen eyesight above and below the water, they do not rely on the visual communication. Sometimes the silt and floating particles affect their visual efficiency over larger distances. There are questions aplenty with regards to one of the brainiest mammals on earth. The body language and the gestures are still under study waiting to be deciphered to understand the species.

Below are some of the common dolphin behaviors observed from the Dolphin Research Center. These signals are reckoned as visual communication.

Play dead: It rolls over yielding in the vicinity of another dolphin.

Flex: It bends the head and tail outwards

Headwag: Quick side to side jerking of the head.

Arching: It bends the head and the tail inwards.

Eye whites display: Rolls their eyes from a neutral position and exposes the whites of their eye.

Snit: Steep head-jerking from one side to another while the jaws can be closed or open. It may also be accompanied by squealing. But, sometimes it may also be a display of aggression or agitation.

Dolphins also communicate by touching the members of their pod. It is normal for the calves to swim beside their mother making body contact with the pectoral fins or their flanks. It helps build the bond and promotes the social tendency among the pod members. They can also engage in a rough body contact while establishing the dominance or during courtship.

Dolphins use their teeth to make parallel scratches on each other’s skin. It is hard to ascertain their exact relevance in the dolphin community. Here are some signs that dolphins indicated while being studied at the Dolphin Research Center.

Butt: pounding with snout.

Rub: Rubbing each other’s body with friction.

Hold hands: bringing the pectoral fins together.

Bite: Gently gripping the body part another animal with the mouth

Mouth: tapping other animals with mouth open.

Pectoral Pat: tapping with the pectoral fin.

Push: poking another with the head

Ram: Head butting another dolphin with force applied.

Nuzzle: Gently brushing with another with the mouth shut

Standing on chest: Lifting another Dolphin out of the water, while the dolphin lifting will remain inverted. The recipient is placed between the flippers. This behavior is usually seen between mother and her calf.

Tail kick: slapping with the tail.

Tooth Rake: gently placing the grip on the body of another animal with the teeth. It could also indicate aggression or agitation.

For years, dolphin researchers have looked hard into the behavior of dolphins trying to unknot their intricate communication system. It seemed that their communication system is structured in the manner the humans do. Albeit, some dolphins have learned to understand efficiently the hand gestures and computer generated whistles, we are still short of an accurate answer to predict the meaning of their behavior.

Dolphins have evolved gracefully in the complex system, and their learning ability is evident from the behavior and response to the commands of animal trainers. They are graceful creatures that have mastered the art of communicating and interacting not just with their species but also with humans and other animals as well. These animals are capable of detecting a stressful situation and have rescued humans and other animals from distress.  Hence,   it remarkable how the Dolphins had acquired the ability to understand and respond appropriately to situations.

56 Interesting Facts About Sharks

Do sharks impress you? Do you like knowing interesting facts about sharks? Then, read ahead.

Interesting Facts About Sharks

  1. Did you know that the Oceanic Whitetip sharks are known to feed on survivors of the shipwreck? Yeah, so “Jaws” is real! Hence, the famous marine researcher Jacques Cousteau quoted that Whitetips were the dangerous sharks in the ocean.
  2. OK, you should be thanking this shark isn’t lurking in the ocean anymore; it is a mega sized oceanic beast easily dwarfing many other sharks even the Great Whites. The shark is known to have the most powerful bite of any creature that ever existed, and they fed on whales.
  3. Ever heard of a shark with a spineless dorsal fin? Your answer – Carpetsharks.
  4. Did you know thriving within a Great white’s mouth are parasitic organisms?
  5. Sharks have families too. Whale sharks, one of the biggest oceanic fishes can conceive up to 300 shark pups.
  6. There lived a shark once that resembled a platypus. It was called the Bandringa. They had a long snout, and the head was covered in spikes. They also had protruding jaws.
  7. If you wade into Bull shark infested water, watch where you step. The bull sharks are known to have poor eyesight due to tiny eyes, so they easily mistake people for food.
  8. Most frequently asked question – why are sharks important for the ocean ecosystem? The best answer is, to keep the balance of marine life especially several smaller fishes the sharks feed upon. Without the sharks, the ocean life balance will be in disarray.
  9. The highest shark attack incidents are recorded in the Volusia County in Florida. More shark attack incidents are recorded here than elsewhere in the world. Since the year 1882, 210 incidents have been recorded.
  10. There is an idling shark that mostly remains motionless on the ocean floor for days at a stretch. It is unclear why they indulge in such behavior.
  11. Thanks to the membrane called the tapetum lucidum that sensitizes the shark’s eyes to light, most sharks have excellent vision even in murky water.
  12. Sharks can be thugs as well. A type of shark called as the Thresher shark slaps their prey to death. It’s choice of weapon, its tail!
  13. There is species of shark known as the Megamouth that was discovered in 1976. Just 41 sightings of the shark have been registered.
  14. Dogfish shark is known to be amongst the oldest shark species in existence.
  15. Great Whites are choosy sharks that are capable of determining if the food they chomp the first time will satiate their appetite.
  16. A shark once existed that looked like “What if your nightmare turned real?” It is the Helicoprion. This extinct species is known to have a circular-saw-like protrusions in the mouth. World’s first pizza cutter, maybe!
  17. Did you know sharks do not kill for sport; they are lethal hunters when they are hungry? But, they are so skilled at hunting; Sharks stalk their prey like serial killers till they are hunted.
  18. The flesh of a shark is made of water (30-80%). It retains the structure, owing to the protein network.
  19. There are miniature sharks called as Pigmy sharks. On an average, they measure 8 inches (20 centimeters) long and are capable of illuminating using the chemicals in their body.
  20. Due to intense commercial fishing, 20% of the sharks are close to extinction. Most of the incidences involve accidental hunting of sharks with nets and hooks.
  21. Sharks like colors that differ in contrast. So, if you have uneven tan lines, the shark will certainly investigate out of curiosity.
  22. Sharks have acute senses due to the presence of electroreceptor on the nose. They are capable of detecting blood in the water several miles away.
  23. A shark is an adaptive species. They can swim in a school of other sharks (with a variety of shark species) without feeling threatened.
  24. There are sharks that thrive deep beneath the ocean surface where it is hard for the humans to venture. The species known to survive the depths are Goblin Sharks. They live in the underwater mountain ranges and continental shelves.
  25. The sharks known to have the largest surviving population are the species called as Dogfish Shark.
  26. Little do people know that the sharks are classified into eight orders?
  27. A shark species called as the Wobbegong latches on their prey and refuse to let go till the prey has been subdued. So, if you have been unlucky to be bitten by a wobbegong, you will endure some deep wounds.
  28. After showcasing the iconic movie “Jaws”, recreational hunting became a thing among fishermen who wanted to snag a Great White for sport.
  29. Basking sharks prefer traveling in schools (up to 100 sharks) or pairs.
  30. Just like cows do, sharks are capable of regurgitation of food from their stomachs.
  31. The shark’s gills maintain a good balance of salt in their body. The process of balancing the salt is called as osmoregulation
  32. When the female shark is ready to conceive, she will lose her appetite to ensure that she doesn’t feast on her litter.
  33. While most continue to debate with regards to the preference of colors, Scientists has discovered that shark have cones in their eyes that are identical to the humans to helps them distinguish one color apart from another.
  34. Sharks are perfectly adapted as the killers of the sea; they are silent and have no vocal cords to make a sound.
  35. Yes! Sharks do have tiny hairs (sensory hair cells) aligned in the pockets of skin under the skin. They are also called as the pit organs.
  36. The spines of the shark can move back and forth in an S pattern while the shark is in motion.
  37. There is a particular species of shark known as deep swimmers. They can easily swim 2,200 (7,200 feet) meters beneath the ocean surface. The species are called as a sub-arctic shark.
  38. If you thought only humans were capable of overeating, think twice, because Blue sharks are a species known to devour food without knowing the limits. They chow down a school of fish, vomit and continue eating.
  39. The female shark remains in the gestation period for 11 months.
  40. Sharks are amongst the commonest species found in the oceans.
  41. If you were unlucky to be a shark meal, be wary of the 40,000 pounds per square inch bite force. Well roughly translating…. Off goes your limbs like finger chips.
  1. Some mating rituals can be strange such as the case of a Female Blue Shark. It develops a hard skin to protect them from the love bites of male shark.
  2. There are sharks that are known to work even before they are born. The sharks chomp their way into freedom of the ocean.
  3. It is unlikely for a great white to leap from water under normal circumstances unless they are hunting seals. After stalking the seals, they make a surprise attack by launching from beneath the water.
  4. Up to 80 % of shark attack victims live to tell the tale.
  5. While sharks are certainly fearsome beasts of the ocean, it is the sharks that are vulnerable at the hands of humans. Humans are known to kill up to 73 million sharks every year.
  6. Sharks in aquariums are known to bond well with humans, especially the staff interacting with the sharks. Strangers are excused!
  7. Sharks are known for their keen senses. They are capable of picking up acoustic signals from low-pitched noise created by movements of fish.
  8. There is a shark species whose meat is deadly for consumption. It is called the Greenland Sharks. It can put a person in the state of libido after consumption.
  9. A shark’s teeth is known to be as strong as human teeth. Albeit, each is made of different minerals.
  10. Some sharks are excellent at camouflage they use their glowing underside for staying hidden. They are known as cookie-cutter sharks.
  11. During the lifetime of shark, they lose many teeth. A shark isn’t vulnerable to the cavity, but they lose their teeth when it gets lodged while chomping prey.
  12. A shark species, in particular, is a popular test subject to evaluate the hearing, intelligence, and vision of sharks. They are called the Lemon Sharks.
  13. Did you know there are sharks that are social? The Nurse sharks are known to share the sleeping quarters with other nurse sharks?
  14. If you thought that sharks are winners at hunting seals, think again. Seals chow down puffadder shysharks after tossing them in the air. Puffadders are 2 feet long.
  15. Dogfish sharks have the longest and the smallest pregnancies. They have a record of their own.
  16. When there are fewer sharks, it could spell trouble for smaller fish and tuna because when small fish don’t eat algae, they overgrow and smother the precious coral reefs.

 

Super-Permeable Concrete Drains 4000 Liters of Water in 60 Seconds

Water logging is a major issue in most parts of the world when you have no means to drain the excess water; it can leave home and streets flooding with water. However, all that may be the thing of the past because topmix Permeable has just the right solution to prevent water from remaining stagnant on the surface. The company has created a super concrete that has a [permeability rate of 36,000 mm/hour. If that doesn’t amaze you, nothing will. It helps to drain the water rapidly from the surfaces such as parking surface, streets, walkways and driveways when it rains heavily. The company claims their invention is so robust; one has to see their video believe it.

However, some of the frequently asked questions about their product is the utility of the concrete in the frigid temperatures. Also, many web users were curious what would happen if the dirt blocks the permeability of the concrete in due time and the susceptibility of the material to collapsing and opening into a sink hole.

Here is the company’s response.

Will The Pavement Not Crack At Frigid Temperature?

The concrete offers structural stability at varying temperature despite offering ideal permeability. The product was designing bearing in mind the contributing factors such as the permeability to allow idea draining on the event of a storm

The company assured the curious askers that the water wouldn’t sit within the permeable substance and would rather drain below as the storage layer will have an aggregate of 30-40%. Hence, if the water froze within the layer, it wouldn’t compromise the draining potential significantly.

Wouldn’t The Pavement Be Blocked Over Time Due To Dirt And Remain Unusable?

Topmix claims with an average permeability of 36,000mm/hour; it would take an impractical amount of dirt at any point in time to cause failure in the system’s functioning. As the average practical permeability needed is 300mm/hour to deal with a 100-year-old storm despite the fact that permeability could vary depending on local climate conditions. Topmix claims even if there is 95% block, the area will still allow a considerable amount of water.

What About Risks Of Sinkholes?

Sinkholes are caused when the rock beneath gives way due to the acidic water and are a caused by Karst process. Hence, the company assured there won’t be such risks considering the fact that SuDS design is implemented, and a ground investigation is conducted prior to paving or application of concrete.

 

Troll A – The Tallest Structure Ever Moved By Mankind

When was the last time you moved something heavy? Was it heavy enough to make you think you moved a mountain? Think twice, if not a mountain, there exists something equivalent has already been moved by humanity. Still wondering what could it be? Troll A. It is a natural gas platform built in the year 1995. It was placed in the North Sea owned and operated by Statoil. Troll A was one of the complex engineering feats that were achieved by the humanity. Overlooking the blue ocean at 472 meters (1,549 ft) from the ground above, it has no match at the sea. The platform weighs as much as 683,600 tons (1.2 million tons with the ballast included). This colossal towering giant was towed 200 km from the village of Vats to its resting place in the North Sea in the year 1996. The entire event was televised as it was one of an iconic engineering feat.

Troll A – The Tallest Structure Ever Moved By Mankind
Image Courtesy: olavolsen

The platform rests on the sea floor that is 303 meter (994 feet) below the surface. The legs of the platform are a continuous hollow slip made of concrete. They have channels installed to mobilize the imports and exports from the bottom to the surface. It also has an elevator installed that takes 9 minutes to reach the floor from the surface.

The Walls of the Troll’s towering legs measure a meter thick. It is heavily reinforced with high-grade steel and concrete in one continuous fill (slip forming). Each joint (composed of several conical cylinders) is attached with mathematical precision. The width of the legs dilate at the bottom, thus giving greater stability to the structure itself, and it flares out gracefully from the surface to the floor. Troll A’s concrete legs are designed to withstand the forces of the sea. It is designed to withstand the pressure of the water below. Hence, continuous flow concrete is used to design the structure. To fill the frame of this structure using a continuous flow took 20 minutes to fill out every 5 cm area.

The construction of the Troll A platform began in the year 1991 by the Norwegian contractors for an oil company named Norske Shell for a whopping $650 million USD. The construction began in phases where the deck and the base were separately built. The entire structure was joined in the year 1995 after partially submerging the base. The gargantuan base is a Condeep gravity structure that is built from highly reinforced concrete. Its final resting place is just 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the northwest of Bergen, Norway. It took just seven days to haul such a colossal structure over the sea.

Titanic Orphans: A Tale Of Survival

It was the shipwreck that some say was an expensive bargain where 1,500 souls paid with their lives on the fateful night of April 15, 1912. However, the story of two orphans surfaced refusing to go down the cold Atlantic where the remaining victims met their grave. The story captivated the Western media with questions aplenty on how the young French boys apparently from the same mother ended on the ill-fated ship. They were among the 710 rescued who made it across the Atlantic and arrived in New York shortly after the tragedy struck. The young boys aged 2 and 4 were known to be the only children rescued without a parent or guardian. Little was known about where they came from or who their parents were, as the passenger list was an utter chaos and undecipherable. The boys just answered “oui” to the questions they were asked because, they only spoke French. See below the iconic photo that says it all, “Louis & Lola?”

Titanic Orphans: A Tale Of Survival

How did the names surface? It was a certain supposition given to the authorities by the young boys. Sooner, all that sparse information led to some revelation about the story. So, it goes something like this… The man who handed the kids to the last rescue craft was none other than their father.

Soon, the media dubbed the boys as “Titanic Twins”. Although, their identity was initially unknown until the story reached France and a woman from Nice, France came forward to claim the boys. She maintained a claim on the boys after coming across a news article and saying that the boys resembled her own.

The authorities identified the claimant mother as Marcelle Caretto. She had described the kids in detail after yielding questions that only her sons could answer. After ascertaining the legitimacy of relationship, Marcel reunited with her sons Michel and Edmond in the United States.

So that still left a question unanswered, how the young French boys ended in Titanic? Here is the answer – The father of the children identified as Michel Navratil estranged from his wife had kidnaped the boys and attempted fleeing to the United States to start a fresh lease of life. Unfortunately, his choice of getaway ship was the ill-fated Titanic.

His plan foiled after the ship struck an iceberg in the middle of frigid Atlantic, and he was among the 1,500 who met a watery grave.

Navratil gave himself a nom de guerre, Louis B. Hoffman and called his sons with aliases “Lolo and Momon”. The story became more twisted as he was found to be the only deceased victim of the shipwreck to have been carrying a loaded pocket firearm.

After the incident, when the French boys had reached New York, they were fostered by Margaret Hays. She was among the few who survived the ordeal. Soon, after a month had come to pass, the children were reunited with their real mother, Marcelle, who traveled across the Atlantic for her sons.

As for the fate of the rescued boys, Michel went on to attend college and earned a doctorate to become a professor of Philosophy. His younger sibling Edmond died after fighting for the French Army in the WWII at the age of 43.

Michel was among the last male survivors of RMS Titanic and died on January 20, 2001, at a grand old age of 93.

The story of the young brothers who survived the ordeal was one of a kind that moved the world with their survival of tragedy and reunion. Their unique tale will continue to echo in the years to come and will remain a special chapter from history.

 

 

Top Secrets: The Truths Behind 10 Of The World’s Great Wonders

Have you ever felt a desire to travel to an exotic land away from your workaholic life and explore the secrets of their genesis?  If your answer is yes, you should read ahead to know some of the finest and the best destinations that have more riddled versions explaining their origin from the people who have lived there. We will be revealing some of the iconic destinations in the world that have manmade structures that are an engineering feat considering the era they were built in. The list also includes some of the modern marvels that have redefined the construction and engineering. Regale in the knowledge of Top Secrets: The Truths Behind 10 Of The World’s Great Wonders.

The Truths Behind 10 Of The World’s Great Wonders

1. Taj Mahal, Agra, India

Top Secrets: The Truths Behind 10 Of The World's Great Wonders

According to the versions of the legend, it says that the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan had ordered chopping hands of the builders who took part in the construction of one of the iconic monument after the completion. It was to ensure such a building would never be replicated by the hands that build them. Although, there isn’t sufficient backing t this theory, one gaze at the monument’s elegance is enough to make you sweep off the feet. The construction was an engineering marvel of the era.  It was built perfectly vertical from the ground above. The minarets were constructed with a slight outward slant to prevent it from collapsing inwards in the event of an earthquake.

Trip Tip:

Take a train from Delhi to Agra. You will have to get the tickets from Archeological Survey of India (a.k.a Taj Mahal Office) in advance as entry is limited throughout the day. The visitation is closed on Friday.

2. Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE

Burj Khalifa

It is vertigo inducing tower that cost the Ruler of Abu Dhabi $ 1.5 billion USD to construct. Standing at 828 m high overlooking the vast desert landscape, it is the undisputedly the tallest construction ever by humanity. It is 2.5 times taller than the Eiffel Tower. The building is a technological marvel, considering the location it stands on. The building is regularly exposed to high-speed winds and earthquakes and is perfectly capable of handling the two. Its ability to sustain nature’s brute owes to the buttressed core design. There are three sets of wings that are 120 degrees from each other and rigidly anchored to the stem. Their purpose is to support the other when the building is under stress. Hence, when two wings are under stress, the third will support the rest.

Trip Tip:

The building is located in downtown Dubai. You will have to purchase the deck tickets from the lower ground at Dubai Mall.

3. Moai, Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Polynesia

Moai, Easter Island

Some believe that these ancient statues are held accountable for the collapse of the Easter Island civilization. When the islanders built these statues, they devastated the forest by heaving logging activity to transport these statues over the water. Heave deforestations are believed to have worsened the soil quality, resulting in failed harvest, war, famine, and cannibalism. But, the satellite imagery shows that these statues were probably dragged on land to place them on the sloping hills based on the dirt tracks.

Trip Tip:

You will have to pre-book your flight tickets, to the Rapa Nui as flights are the only way to reach the island and it is always reserved.

4. Stonehenge, England

Stonehenge, England

Ok, it isn’t news that Stonehenge is subjected to countless conspiracies. From druids, aliens and a list of many to count were held responsible for the construction of these monuments. But, none seems to be sure why and who built them. However, recent evidence indicates that the monument was built to celebrate the midwinter, and not the midsummer, unlike the previous account. The conclusion was reached after finding the monuments in the area was built to remain aligned with sunrise and sunset. It was also known that the inhabitants of the area had a habit of eating pork to celebrate the longer days by dating the pig teeth found in the area.

However, most people are curious how they were built in an era without earthmovers or sophisticated construction aid. Some explanations say that in 2600 BC the blue stones were likely to be mobilized on rafts from the Preseli Hills located in West Wales.

The base of each stone was kept perched into a pit, and the lintels were positioned using the scaffolding.

Trip Tip:

You can choose to drive to Stonehenge from London. Alternatively, you can take a bus from Salisbury.

5. Eiffel Tower, Paris, France

Eiffel Tower, Paris

It was originally used as radio antenna by the Germans to send coded war communications during the WW2. Eiffel Tower was built in the year 1889 by Monsieur Eiffel for the world fair. He made $1 million USD via ticket sales in the initial year.  The tower stood 324m above ground and was made of finest steel.  Every seven years the tower is smeared with 50 tons of paint to prolong its beauty.

Trip Tip:

You will have to arrive at Bit-Hakeim via metro number 6or at Trocadéro via metro number 9. Look for tour packages that will take you for a visit to the Eiffel Tower. Alternatively, you could also take the boat along the Seine that will stop beside the tower to get that view.

6. Great Wall of China, China

great-wall-of-china

It was originally built using rocks and mud. But, the 16th-century emperor Jiajing reinforced the construction into the stone wall. Millions of workers contributed to making the wall. Many from the army press and volunteers signed up to complete the wall. They worked round the clock and constructed the wall. Some history records indicate that 3 km wall was built in 600 days using just 3000 able workers. The Great Wall of China holds the reputation of being the only man-made structure that can be seen from space,

Trip Tip:

To visit the wall, you will have to take a bus (No. 919) from the old gate of Deshengmen in Beijing, Alternatively, you can take the tour bus from Tiananmen Square. Try avoiding the visitation from Simatai and Jinshanling as they are less exciting for visitation.

7. Angkor Wat, Cambodia

Angkor Wat, Cambodia

It is known as an empire of temples. In a city of 1 million populations, it took more than 300,000 workers less than 35 years to finish the completion using 6000 elephants. Although, most temples take centuries to build, it was a marvelous feat by completing the construction of own of the world’s largest religious complex. The moat around the temple is colossal that it can be seen from space.  The seductive carving (nymphs or apsaras) on the temple walls are known to have 37 different hairstyles.  Now, that must be a very intricately designed temple. Agree not?

Trip Tip:

You will have to take a flight from Bangkok to Siem Reap. You can also take taxi, boat or bus from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap for visiting the temple.

8. Machu Picchu, Peru

Machu Picchu, Peru

They were built in the 15 century, dwelled and deserted (within a century) by the Incan civilization. What is left of the destination is the dry walls clinging to the ridges in the Andes.  The Incans were not known to have used wheels for the construction of their settlements. They were hauled by men using bare hands. The protrusions and crevices on the block of rocks indicate it was manual labour that pushed the rock up the slopes into their places. They used some clever engineering principles to secure their constructions. Such as, L-shaped rocks that were used to secure the corners of buildings and also, the mortar weren’t used in the construction. On the event of an earthquake, the constructions wouldn’t collapse. They would rather move and resettle themselves.

Trip Tip:

There are only two choices to reach the destination. You will have to hike the hills or take a train to Aquas Calientes. After you arrive at Aquas Calientes, you will have to take a bus to the destination.

9. Khazneh, Petra, Jordan

Khazneh, Petra

This tourist destination was iconic for being the choice of destination for filming movies like Indiana Jones. The Khazneh wich was carved starting from the top and finishing at the bottom the Rocky mountain side is 2000 years old. However, the rocks you see on the cliff side isn’t part of the original construction as they were created by the vandals to deface the sculptures.

Trip Tip:

Relying on public transport isn’t the best option as they are infrequent. It is best to rent a car or hire a taxi. Look for Wadi Musa and Petra signpost en route the Kings and Desert highways.

10. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt

Great Pyramid of Giza

There are very few monuments on the face of the earth that can compete with the elegance of the Great Pyramids. This gargantuan structure was the tallest man-made structure until the completion of Eiffel Tower in 1889.  The pyramids were built to encapsulate three burial chambers. However, it took 30,000 able hands to complete the monument.  Unlike the common belief, that the workers slaved to complete the structure, the carving, and ancient graffiti indicate they weren’t slaves but skilled workers.

Trip Tip:

After reaching Cairo, you will have to take a bus or taxi to the Great Pyramids.

 

 

 

Why Do Dogs Eat Poop? – 6 Reasons They Do This

Just like humans, dogs have their own motives and behaviors. If you own a dog, then you might have seen him or her eating some strange things. Though there are many weird things dogs consume, we are here to list down the various reasons to the question – why do dogs eat poop.

Why Does My Dog Eat Poop?

Why Do Dogs Eat Poop

Did you know that when many dogs live in same household and if any one falls sick, healthier dogs at times eat the feces of unhealthy dog. Now, this might be an instinctual reaction for hiding the ill dog from predators. Before even dogs were domesticated, as myth goes – they were scavengers. They lived on whatever they found. Thousands of years ago, dogs used to feed on other animals waste. So, poop eating is just a remnant of dog’s history. A dog eats poop for different reasons. Sometimes, it might eat its own poop or other animals’ feces. You might feel sick when you see this but understand that this is a very common behavior in pets. A dog eating poop signifies different reasons, which include:

  1. It Is A Sign Of Nutritional Imbalance

Whenever a dog his or her own poop, know that it is experiencing a nutritional imbalance. Believe it or not, stool still contains some undigested nutrients, minerals and is the main reason why your dog is eating it.

  1. Because It Is Stressed

A dog eats poop out of anxiety or whenever they are lonely. Eating his or her poop signifies a displacement behavior.

  1. Dog Eats Poop Out Of Boredom

So, apart from the above listed reasons, why do dogs eat poop? Well, boredom is yet another major reason. Lack of proper interaction, exercise or any physical activity often makes a dog end up eating his or her stool. In fact, they even play with the poop out of boredom.

  1. Because It Loves The Smell And Taste

This might sound yucky to you but a dog just loves the smell and taste of other animal feces. In fact, the scent and the stuff tempt his or her tongue to have some.

  1. It Wants The Environment To Be Clean

Few dogs might eat poop in the house just to keep their surroundings or living space completely clean. A dog that is physically punished for potty training mistakes often learns to eat his or her stool to prevent the master from getting angry.

  1. It Could Be A Sign Of Illness

Make a note that not all coprophagy is harmless or normal. A dog that suffers from malabsorption syndrome like exocrine pancreatic insufficiency tends to eat stool (either its own or other animal feces). It might be trying to recover the essential nutrients it cannot absorb during normal digestion.

Is It Harmful When A Dog Eats Poop?

It all comes down to the contamination. Is the poop contaminated with fleas, worms or other harmful parasites, which carry viruses and bacteria? If yes, then there is no doubt of the red signs. The consequences of consuming contaminated feces also depend on the dog’s immune system and its overall health. Take for example, young puppies. They have developing and delicate immune systems. Therefore, might be susceptible to bad poop, particularly if they are not fully vaccinated. So, it is better to allow your puppy for neighborhood walks and hikes only after he or she has received all the vaccination shots.

Why Do Dogs Eat Poop Of Other Animals?

As said earlier, they are extremely attracted to other animal’s feces, especially a cat’s. The reason why a dog is attracted to cat’s feces is because cat food has more amount of protein and fat than dog food.

How To Stop A Dog From Consuming Poop?

A little amount of poop is certainly not going to hurt your dog. However, if you don’t want your dog to do this, there are certain things you can do about it.

  1. Prevent Your Dog From Accessing Poop

The best way is to keep your environment clean and neat. Tidy your yard to prevent your dog from accessing poop. Lure him or her with something yummier. Even better, try to distract your dog whenever you sense or observe that he or she is going to eat poop or has developed an interest on it.

  1. Keep The Litter Box Out Of Your Dog’s Reach

Not only should you keep the litter box far from your dog’s reach but also make sure to keep it clean.

When You Need A Vet’s Help?

If your dog is eating poop, first you have to make sure that there isn’t any underlying health issue. Few dogs begin eating stool whenever they are not acquiring enough nutrients. Chances are that they have few pancreatic issues or have parasites. Such are the times when a coprophagic dog requires a thorough examination from vet.

Why Is Your Dog More Attracted To Poop Than Dog Food At Times?

Dog’s digestive system depends on a certain mixture of enzymes in order to break down proteins, fats and carbohydrates. There are even evidences, which suggest that digestive system of a dog has not caught up to today’s modern diet (which often tends to have less animal protein and more of carbohydrates). Few veterinary nutritionists claim that a dog eats poop to replenish enzymes. Also, there are evidences, which show that dogs are not getting sufficient nutrients and this is exactly when they begin to eat poop. The main reason is lack of B-vitamin, which leads to coprophagia.

Neglectful Parents

A behavior of dog eating poop is often linked to owner. Well, many dogs purposely eat stool to get the attention of their master. Even if the attention is negative, it is still an attention and that is exactly what a dog wants. Also. Few dogs might resort to eat stool only because they aren’t getting adequate real food. Moreover, if the owners don’t keep their dogs’ living area clean, they start eating poop to clear out everything.

We hope you have found this article useful. If you have tried some good tricks to stop your dog from eating poop and want other readers to know about it, feel free to drop them in the comments section.

What Can I Give My Dog For Diarrhea?

There are times when your dog falls ill. Though there are many health problems seen in dogs, often people complaint their dogs getting “diarrhea”. It is a condition characterized by frequent liquid or loose bowel movements. The cause behind this varies from something mild (changes in diet) to more serious infection or illness. This is when someone often wonders – what can I give my dog for diarrhea? After a proper research, we have listed some great tips to help your dog calm down.

What Can I Give My Dog For Diarrhea

Before we explain in detail regarding what to give dogs for diarrhea, it is important for you to know few things. Read on.

What Causes Diarrhea In Dogs?

  • Changes in diet
  • Ingestion of spoiled food, something toxic or garbage
  • Food intolerance
  • Ingestion of a foreign object (say for example, plastic bag, rubber band, toy and so on)
  • Liver problems
  • Kidney issues
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Viral infection
  • Bacterial infection
  • Tumors or cancers in the digestive tract
  • Internal parasites like giardia, coccidia and roundworms
  • Allergic reaction
  • Excess stress
  • Certain medications

Symptoms of Diarrhea

  • Frequent liquid / loose stools
  • Mucus or blood in stool
  • Change in stool’s volume
  • Dog strains to defecate
  • Flatulence
  • Decreased appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Dehydration
  • Lethargy
  • Weight loss

Note: If the dog’s diarrhea is black, possibilities are that he or she might be suffering internal stomach bleeding or there is something wrong about his or her small intestine. If this sounds more like your dog’s situation, see a vet immediately.

What To Give A Dog For Diarrhea?

Diarrhea happens all of a sudden but lasts only for a short period. However, there are dogs that suffer diarrhea for weeks and even months. However, do not let your dog to go that extent. Treat your dog immediately and take him or her to a vet if the condition persists for more than 1 day. However, before taking your dog to a vet, you can do few things at home to help your furry friend calm down.

What Can You Give A Dog With Diarrhea? – Home Remedies That Truly Help

Unless the diarrhea in your dog is severe, few home remedies easily treat the condition. These are as follows:

  1. Withhold Food For At Least 12 Hours (But Not Water)

The best way to ease the diarrhea in your dog is by withholding food for at least 12 hours. You can take away water if you want too but this is not advised because he or she might be dehydrated. Even if you are giving water, make sure to give in small amounts for several times in a day. After 12 or 15 hours, rather serving dog food, serve a bland diet 3 to 4 times throughout the day.

Here are few options to choose from:

  • Baked potato (avoid flavorings or skin)
  • Boiled egg (avoid adding oil or butter)
  • Cottage cheese (avoid liquid)
  • Cooked white rice (avoid butter / flavorings)
  • Boiled turkey (avoid skin, flavorings and grease)
  • Boiled chicken (avoid skin, flavorings and grease)
  • Scrambled egg (avoid oil or butter)
  1. Feed Smaller Servings

Feed smaller servings of bland diet few times a day. Then, gradually increase the amounts until a complete formed stool is passed. Begin to wean your dog with its usual food after a week but make sure to be gradual with the dog food.

  1. Avoid These….

Since your dog is suffering from diarrhea, make sure that you do not give snacks, table scraps and dog bones because these might irritate his or her intestinal tract.

  1. Give Pepto Bismol

Since the question is about what to give dogs for diarrhea, “Pepto Bismol” is something we cannot miss writing about. This medication is a great way to ease your dog’s condition but make sure to give in small doses for every six hours. Dosage depends on a dog’s weight. It is usually 1 ml/lb. Pepto Bismol stops vomiting. Typical dosage administered to dogs is between 0.5ml and 1.5ml for every pound (which makes it to 10 ml or 2 teaspoons). Therefore, the overall everyday dose is supposed to be divided into two to four doses.

  1. Give Imodium AD Or Kaopectate

Apart from Pepto Bismol, you can even consider giving 2 other OTC medicines to a dog with diarrhea. These include:

  • Imodium AD (one ml for every lb, with an interval of eight hours)
  • Kaopectate (one ml for every lb, with an interval of two hours)

Note: Diarrhea usually lasts for 1 or 2 days and the naturally heals. However, for any reasons, if your dog still experiences it, consult a vet immediately so that the condition does not worsens.

When Should You Seek A Professional Help?

With all the treatment options listed above, a dog should usually feel fine. However, a pet owner should meet the vet if:

  • The dog still runs a fever
  • There are changes in behavior
  • The dog feels sluggish
  • There is blood in the stool
  • The dog becomes weak
  • The dog shows debilitation signs
  • The dog experiences frequent bouts of diarrhea

As a pet owner, if you observe the above listed signs, we recommend you to take your dog to a vet immediately. Also, take a sample of your dog’s stool (even if it is watery) when you meet the vet.

How To Prevent Diarrhea In Dogs?

Understand that even a healthy dog can get diarrhea. It is completely normal. It is not a disease. So, don’t be scared or worried unless the case is severe. However, there are certain things you can keep in mind to keep your dogs away from diarrhea. These include:

  • Update your dog’s vaccinations
  • Ensure that your dog is free from parasite
  • Take your dog to a vet for a routine checkup every month
  • Do not allow your dog to access spoiled food, garbage or something that is toxic
  • When you take your dog out, make sure that he or she doesn’t eat anything from the street
  • Do not allow your dog to ingest other animal feces
  • If you are planning to switch the dog’s food, make sure to do it gradually or just consult your vet before taking such a step

Meet The World’s 5 Biggest Spiders To Scare The Shit Out Of You

Spiders are the one creature that can be found all over the world. Moreover, these spiders are available in all the sizes. Apart from living in the natural habitats, numerous pet lovers love to keep these spiders as their pets. But have you ever given a thought as what is the biggest spider in the world? If not, meet the world’s 5 biggest spiders to scare the shit out of you. Just read on and if you are also a pet lover, you may love to have these spiders in your pet collection.

5 Of The Biggest Spiders In The World

1. The Goliath Bird-Eating Tarantula

The Goliath Bird-Eating Tarantula

Credit: trantulaguide.com

Yes, I know, you might definitely be wondering why we have added the ‘Bird-Eating’ in the title. So, to answer your question, we would like to tell you that YES, this spider does eat birds and is large enough that can catch the birds easily. You will be amazed to know that The Goliath can easily reach up to 1 foot in body length. Moreover, it has fangs that can reach up to 1-inch in length. All the Goliath has very small and tiny hairs on their bodies. These small hairs, Goliath uses to shoot on whoever or whatever is trying to threaten them. However, there is a good news. It is that there is no effect of Goliath’s bite on human beings, unless you are not allergic to spiders. If, in case, the Goliath bites you, you can experience severe pain at the place of bite, and sometimes extreme sweating and even nausea.

The Bird-Eating Goliath primarily lives in the habitats that get excessive rains. So, the home of these bird-eating Goliath tarantulas is the rainforests of South America, but there are several spider-lovers around the world, who love to keep these bird-eating Goliath tarantula as their pets. One amazing fact about these bird-eating Goliath Tarantulas is that they make a frightening sound by rubbing their legs together. Moreover, this sound you can hear even from the distance of 15 feet. The name these Bird-Eating Goliath Tarantulas has been registered into the Guinness Book of World Records for being the largest spider in the world in the year 1965.

2. The Huntsman Spider

The Huntsman Spider

The second in the list of largest spider is the Huntsman Spider. It is so big that its body length can reach up to 1 foot long, and the leg span can be up to 6 inches long. Primarily, the Huntsman Spider is the native of Asia, but you can also find them in some of the subtropical areas of California, Texas, and Florida.

There is a strange story, how these huntsman spider reached to American land. Long back, by hitching a ride on bananas and banana leaves, they reached to the U.S. and hence, from then, these Huntsman spiders are also called as Banana spiders. Therefore, do watch out while you eat any imported banana next time. The other amazing factor or you may say the creepiest factor about the Huntsman is that they are very fast, and they are able to walk sideways. Moreover, they can easily scurry up in even extreme smooth surfaces, which include window glasses without any problem.

3. Brazilian Salmon Pink Birdeater

Brazilian Salmon Pink BirdeaterCredit: exoticpets.cebuonlinejob

The third in the list is yet another bird eater. However, this is not as big as the Goliath one, and despite being named as bird eater, the Brazilian Salmon Pink Bird eater does not eat birds at all. Instead, it feasts on small creatures, for example, frogs, mice, insects, mice and many more. The primary habitat of this Brazilian Salmon Pink bird eater is the rainforest, and their leg span may extend up to 10 inches long. The color of the Brazilian Salmon Pink Bird Eater is brown along with the pink salmon hairs. It uses these hairs to shoot at the prey so that it can be disabled and can be eaten without any problem. Once the prey is disabled, the Brazilian salmon pink bird eater pounces on the prey and spiting the digestive juices on it. In this way, the Brazilian salmon pink bird eater pre-digests the victim, and once it is done, it sucks it up completely.

4. Poecilotheria Rajaei

Poecilotheria Rajaei

I understand that you can feel the name a bit weird. But the Poecilotheria Rajaei is one of the newest species of spiders that have been found recently. The discovery of this spider is done in the forests of Sri Lanka in the year 2009. If we talk about the body size, the Poecilotheria Rajaei has a leg span of about 8 inches. Moreover, it has a pinkish-gray band all over its abdomen. One of the unique things about these spiders is that they love to reside on the trees that are already fallen, and apart from this, their major habitats include rocks and INSIDE PEOPLE’S HOMES. So, beware and keep on checking for THE POECILOTHERIA RAJAEI inside your home. All the Sri Lankans, please keep an eye inside your home and all the people who are planning their next vacation to Sri Lanka, I think you would like to change your destination.

5. Brazilian Giant Tawny Red Tarantula

Brazilian Giant Tawny Red TarantulaCredit: askalist

Named as Brazilian Giant Tawny Red Tarantula, it is also the native of some other countries, which include Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is one of the biggest spiders alive today in this world. You may find it amazing that they can have the leg span of up to 10.2 inches. No matter where their primary habitat is, because of the pet lovers around the world, there is always a threat of these spiders. Thousands of pet lovers love to have this spider in their home or collections, and hence, there are times when these spiders can move out and can be dangerous to humans.

So, these were some of the best and biggest spiders that are present and can be found all over the world. Always be careful with the spiders, because there are chances that the bite from spider can be dangerous for you, not always but sometimes.